Fifty-fifth regiment Massachusetts Infantry.
（1) Col. Norwood P. Hallowell
（2) Col. Alfred S. Hartwell
, Bvt. Brig. Gen.
U. S. Vols.
|Field and Staff.||Line.||companies.||Unassigned Recruits.||Totals.|
|Number on regimental rolls,—|
|Enlisted men (included above) commissioned in regiment.2||4||–||–||–||–||2||–||1||–||1||–||–||–||8|
|Enlisted men (included above) serving elsewhere within regiment.||–||–||–||3||–||2||–||1||–||–||–||1||–||7|
|Actual total of members of regiment,—|
The 55th Mass. Infantry, composed, like the 54th, of colored enlisted men with white officers, was organized at Readville in the spring of 1863; the recruiting committee which supplied most of the men of the 54th filling the ranks of this regiment also.
The first recruits arrived at camp May 12 and the first five companies were mustered into service May 31, two more on June 15 and the remaining three on the 22d.
Under command of Col. Norwood P. Hallowell
, the regiment left the camp July 21 and embarked for New Berne, arriving on the 25th.
It was ordered to Charleston harbor
on the 29th, became part of General Wild
's Brigade, 10th Army Corps, and served in the operations against Charleston
for the remainder of the year.
In February, 1864, the regiment, under Col. A. S. Hartwell
having resigned in November from the effect of injuries received at Antietam
), was sent to join the forces at Jacksonville, Fla.
, and served by detachments at Yellow Bluff
, at the forts near Jacksonville
and at Palatka
Returning to Charleston harbor
April 18-20, it took part in the movement against Charleston
July 2, capturing two of the enemy's guns and losing nine men killed and mortally wounded.
Eight companies were sent to Hilton Head
, S C., in November, forming part of a brigade under Colonel Hartwell
, Coast Division.
It lost heavily at the battle of Honey Hill
, where, Colonel Hartwell
being wounded, the command of the regiment was taken by Lieutenant-Colonel Fox
It occupied a position at Boyd
's Neck until ordered to Savannah, Ga.
, in January, 1865.
Returning to Hilton Head
February 1, it entered Charleston
February 20, and shared in an expedition into the interior of South Carolina
from February 22 to March 10.
Moving, April 19, to Orangeburg
, it served by detachments in the vicinity during the remainder of its term of service, and was mustered out at Mount Pleasant
Aug. 29, 1865.
It was finally paid off and discharged at Gallop's Island
, Boston harbor
, Sept. 23, and disbanded Sept. 25, 1865.