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Twenty-eighth regiment Massachusetts Infantry.

(1) Col. William Monteith.

(2) Col. Richard Byrnes.

Field and Staff.Line.Band.companies.Unassigned Recruits.Totals.
Number on regimental rolls,—
Enlisted men,1232422623921520820913011799126124651,805
Enlisted men (included above) commissioned in regiment.21026536124342
Enlisted men (included above) serving elsewhere within regiment.2322231116
Actual total of members of regiment,—
Enlisted men,3132422223020820320112911497121120651,747

The 28th Mass. Infantry, organized at Cambridge, Mass., during the autumn of 1861, was composed principally, like the 9th Mass. Infantry, of men of Irish birth or descent. It was mustered into service Dec. 13, 1861, and left the State Jan. 11, 1862, under command of Col. William Monteith. It remained at Fort Columbus, New York harbor, for a month, and, embarking then for South Carolina, reached Hilton Head Feb. 23, 1862. Becoming part of General T. W. Sherman's Expeditionary Corps, it moved in April to a position on Daufuskie Island opposite Fort Pulaski, serving by detachments at Jones and Bird Island and at Tybee Island, Ga. Colonel Monteith being detained at the latter place in May and resigning in August, the command of the regiment was held by Major Cartwright. It was sent to James Island May 30, becoming part of the 1st Brigade, Stevens' Division, and engaged with loss in the action at Fort Johnson, Secessionville, June 16. Returning to Hilton Head, the regiment formed part of the force sent to reinforce the Army of the Potomac, and reached Newport News July 18. Forming part of the 9th Corps, it moved to join the Army of Virginia, and took active part at Manassas August 29 and 30 and at Chantilly September 1. Moving with the army into Maryland, it was present at South Mountain, and engaged on the afternoon of September 17 at Antietam. In November the regiment became part of Meagher's Irish Brigade, 1st Division, 2d Army Corps, and met heavy loss at Fredericksburg in the assault on the heights December 13. It was engaged at Chancellorsville on the morning of May 3 and lost heavily at Gettysburg. It took part in the movements about the Rappahannock and joined in the Mine Run campaign, making its winter quarters at Stevensburg, Va. As part of Colonel Smyth's Brigade, General Barlow's Division, the regiment shared in the engagement at the Wilderness and in the movement to Spotsylvania, taking part in the charge and capture of the salient early in the morning of May 12 at Spotsylvania Court House, and engaging again in the assault on May 18. It took active part at Cold Harbor June 3, when Colonel Byrnes was mortally wounded. Sharing in the assault of Petersburg June 16, it took most active part afterward in the siege, engaging at Weldon Railroad in July and at Deep Bottom, Charles City Cross Roads and Reams' Station in August. Dec. 13, 1864, those of the regiment not .re-enlisted left for Massachusetts, and the remainder, as a battalion of five companies under Major Fleming, remained in service before Petersburg, took part in the final operations about the city in the spring of 1865 and joined in the pursuit of the Confederates to Farmville. Encamping after the surrender at Burkesville, it returned to Alexandria May 15, and was mustered out of service June 30, 1865, returning to Massachusetts on July 5.

1 Including non-commissioned staff.

2 Including non-commissioned staff.

3 Including non-commissioned staff.

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William Monteith (3)
Richard Byrnes (2)
Smyth (1)
T. W. Sherman (1)
Meagher (1)
Edward F. Jones (1)
Fleming (1)
Cartwright (1)
Barlow (1)
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