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[252]

Thirtieth regiment Massachusetts Infantry.

Col. Nathan A. M. Dudley, Bvt. Brig. Gen. U. S. Vols.

Field and Staff.Line.companies.Unassigned Recruits.Totals.
ABCDEFGHIK
Number on regimental rolls,—
Officers,166682
Enlisted men,12213212913513314013613716014916341,440
Totals,1,522
Enlisted men (included above) commissioned in regiment.215212221133133
Enlisted men (included above) serving elsewhere within regiment.2464117
Totals,15416862133150
Actual total of members of regiment,—
Officers,166682
Enlisted men,3712812812912513413413615714616241,390
Totals,1,472

The 30th Mass. Infantry, as the Eastern Bay State Regiment, was raised by General Butler at Camp Chase, Lowell, Mass., in the autumn of 1861, and left camp Jan. 2, 1862, under Acting Lieut.-Col. Jonas H. French. It remained at Fortress Monroe until February 2, and being assigned to the Department of the Gulf, it reached Ship Island, Miss., February 12. Company K joined the regiment March 9, and the organization was completed during the month as the 30th Mass. Infantry, Capt. Nathan A. M. Dudley, of the 10th U. S. Infantry, having been appointed colonel March 1. As part of General Phelps's force it shared in the operations against New Orleans in April, a detachment under Major Whittemore occupying Fort St. Philip immediately after its surrender. Stationed at Baton Rouge, it engaged as part of General Williams's Brigade in the movement against Vicksburg, and, returning, took active part at the battle of Baton Rouge August 5, under command of Major Whittemore. Leaving Baton Rouge August 21, it encamped in the vicinity of Carrollton until November 3, moving then to New Orleans. In January, 1863, the regiment was assigned to the 3d Brigade (commanded by Colonel Dudley), 1st Division, 19th Army Corps. It formed part of the land forces operating with Farragut against Port Hudson March 14, and shared in the Port Hudson campaign, engaging at Plains Store May 21, and taking active part during the siege, twice providing volunteers to storm the works. Moving to Donaldsonville after the surrender, it met with loss in the action of July 13; it formed part of the expedition to Sabine Pass, Tex., in September, and encamped for the winter at New Iberia. While in winter quarters three-fourths of the regiment re-enlisted and left New Orleans March 6 for furlough, returning May 16. In July the regiment was sent as part of General Emory's force to the defence of Washington, and, arriving at the capital July 13, marched immediately to the Shenandoah in pursuit of General Early. Returning to Georgetown on the 23d, it moved again into Maryland, and formed part of General Sheridan's forces in movements in the Shenandoah valley, engaging, under command of Capt. S. D. Shipley, in the battles of Opequon, Fisher's Hill and Cedar Creek. It encamped for the winter at Opequon Crossing, and April 22 returned to Washington. It was ordered to Savannah, Ga., June 1, was stationed at Georgetown, S. C., and afterward at Sumter, and remained more than a year on provost duty, being mustered out at Charleston, S. C., July 5, 1866, the last volunteer organization in Massachusetts to be mustered out of the United States service.

1 Including non-commissioned staff.

2 Including non-commissioned staff.

3 Including non-commissioned staff.

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Nathan A. M. Dudley (3)
Whittemore (2)
Robert Williams (1)
S. D. Shipley (1)
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John F. Phelps (1)
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