Thirtieth regiment Massachusetts Infantry.
Col. Nathan A. M. Dudley
, Bvt. Brig. Gen.
U. S. Vols.
|Field and Staff.||Line.||companies.||Unassigned Recruits.||Totals.|
|Number on regimental rolls,—|
|Enlisted men (included above) commissioned in regiment.2||15||–||2||1||2||2||2||1||1||3||3||1||–||33|
|Enlisted men (included above) serving elsewhere within regiment.||–||–||2||–||4||6||4||1||–||–||–||–||–||17|
|Actual total of members of regiment,—|
The 30th Mass. Infantry, as the Eastern Bay
State Regiment, was raised by General Butler
at Camp Chase, Lowell, Mass.
, in the autumn of 1861, and left camp Jan. 2, 1862, under Acting Lieut.-Col. Jonas H. French
It remained at Fortress Monroe
until February 2, and being assigned to the Department of the Gulf, it reached Ship Island, Miss.
, February 12. Company K joined the regiment March 9, and the organization was completed during the month as the 30th Mass. Infantry, Capt. Nathan A. M. Dudley
, of the 10th U. S. Infantry, having been appointed colonel March 1.
As part of General Phelps
's force it shared in the operations against New Orleans in April, a detachment under Major Whittemore
occupying Fort St. Philip
immediately after its surrender.
Stationed at Baton Rouge
, it engaged as part of General Williams
's Brigade in the movement against Vicksburg
, and, returning, took active part at the battle of Baton Rouge
August 5, under command of Major Whittemore
Leaving Baton Rouge August 21, it encamped in the vicinity of Carrollton
until November 3, moving then to New Orleans.
In January, 1863, the regiment was assigned to the 3d Brigade (commanded by Colonel Dudley
), 1st Division, 19th Army Corps.
It formed part of the land forces operating with Farragut
against Port Hudson
March 14, and shared in the Port Hudson
campaign, engaging at Plains Store May 21, and taking active part during the siege, twice providing volunteers to storm the works.
Moving to Donaldsonville
after the surrender, it met with loss in the action of July 13; it formed part of the expedition to Sabine Pass, Tex.
, in September, and encamped for the winter at New Iberia.
While in winter quarters three-fourths of the regiment re-enlisted and left New Orleans March 6 for furlough, returning May 16.
In July the regiment was sent as part of General Emory
's force to the defence of Washington
, and, arriving at the capital July 13, marched immediately to the Shenandoah
in pursuit of General Early
Returning to Georgetown
on the 23d, it moved again into Maryland
, and formed part of General Sheridan
's forces in movements in the Shenandoah valley, engaging, under command of Capt. S. D. Shipley
, in the battles of Opequon
, Fisher's Hill
and Cedar Creek
It encamped for the winter at Opequon Crossing, and April 22 returned to Washington
It was ordered to Savannah, Ga.
, June 1, was stationed at Georgetown, S. C.
, and afterward at Sumter
, and remained more than a year on provost duty, being mustered out at Charleston, S. C.
, July 5, 1866, the last volunteer organization in Massachusetts
to be mustered out of the United States