, did naught but face Bragg
, from Washington
, was pressing Rosecrans
to open anew the campaign; Grant
, from Vicksburg
, was urging him potently to attack Bragg
Around Vicksburg Grant
's hopes, between May 18th and July 4th, had whirled with the singleness of personal ambition.
All he then needed Rosecrans
for was solely to keep Bragg
from sending help to Pemberton
, under this forcing process, moved on June 23d, with a force of 60,000 men. Bragg
was at Shelbyville
with 43,000—rather less than more.
had begun by pushing Bragg
out of his fortified posts—such as Tullahoma
, which the Confederates
had used as a depot of supplies—and driving him to new headquarters.
It was a short campaign, at the end of which Bragg
, evacuating Tullahoma
, had marched into Chattanooga
' main object in September was to maneuver Bragg
out of Chattanooga
; and he succeeded by crossing the mountains south of that city, upon which Bragg
fell back to Lafayette, Ga.
had just received help from Mississippi
, and Longstreet
, with Hood
, was speeding from Virginia
made a faulty movement by dividing his army into three columns, thus getting his right and left wings hazardously separated from his center.
His position became full of peril and gave to Bragg
an excellent chance to overwhelm some one of these pieces on the board, after which the others would be easy victims; but there were unfortunate delays and the opportunity was lost.
By September 18th the scattered Federal wings joined Rosecrans
and as the reunited army of the Cumberland faced Chickamauga creek
's army on the east bank.
awaited the inevitable attack, and meanwhile prudently placed Thomas
in command of his left.
, ‘Name of Thunder,’ will stand for all time two dates—September 19th and 20th—days of heroic fighting.
had arrived and was in command of Bragg
commanded his right.