Appendix to chapter III.
Extracts from reports of Generals Buell and Nelson, and Colo-Nels Ammen, Grose, Anderson, and Jones, of the battle of Shiloh.
General Nelson arrived with Colonel Ammen's brigade at this opportune moment. It was immediately posted to meet the attack at that point, and, with a battery of artillery which happened to be on the ground and was brought into action, opened fire upon the enemy and repulsed him. The action of the gunboats also contributed very much to that result. The attack at that point was not renewed, night having come on, and the firing ceased on both sides. General Buell's Report.
At five, the head of my column marched up the bank of Pittsburg Landing and took up its position in the road under the fire of the rebel artillery, so close had they approached the landing. I found a semicircle of artillery totally unsupported by infantry, whose fire was the only check to the audacious approach of the enemy. The Sixth Ohio and Thirty-sixth Indiana regiments had scarcely deployed when the left of the artillery was completely turned by the enemy, and the gunners fled from their pieces. The gallantry of the Thirty-sixth Indiana, supported by the Sixth Ohio, under the able conduct of Colonel Ammen, commanding Tenth brigade, drove back the enemy, and restored the line of battle. This was at 6.30 P. M., and soon after, the enemy withdrew, owing, I suppose, to the darkness. General Nelson's Report.So much for Buell and Nelson. Now read what their subordinates, who were actually engaged, reported: ‘Reaching the top of the bank with the Thirty-sixth Indiana, General Grant directed me to send the regiment to support a battery less than a quarter of a mile from the landing. The Thirty-sixth marched promptly, and had been placed in position but a few minutes, when the enemy attacked the battery, and was repulsed. The enemy continued to assail the battery until the close of the day with a large force, but was repulsed by the Thirty-sixth with great coolness and gallantry. The Twenty-fourth and Sixth Ohio crossed the river as speedily as possible, and arriving at the top of the bank, the Twenty-fourth was ordered by General Grant to repair to a point one-half mile to the right, on a part of the line threatened by the  enemy. The Sixth Ohio was held in reserve. During the night,’ etc.—Colonel Ammen's Report. ‘On arriving on the south side of the river, under circumstances that looked discouraging to new troops, my regiment was formed (the eight companies about four hundred strong), amid great commotion and excitement. While forming the regiment one of my men was killed by a ball of the enemy. As soon as formed, I was ordered to advance to support Captain Stone's battery, about one hundred and fifty yards distant from my place of forming, which was done in tolerable order, and as soon as the regiment was in place the firing commenced, and continued until near dark. I there lost another man killed, and one wounded. During the first part of the night,’ etc.—Report of Colonel Grose, Thirty-sixth Indiana Volunteers. ‘I formed line of battle, under your directions, some two hundred yards from the river to support a battery then in danger of being charged by the enemy. The regiment laid on arms all night,’ etc.—Report of Colonel Anderson, Sixth Ohio Volunteers. ‘We landed at this place about five and a half o'clock, P. M., of the 6th, and were immediately formed in line of battle on the river hill. After the repulse of the enemy at this point, the regiment was moved by your direction about three-quarters of a mile to the right, and were then ordered by General Grant to advance into the woods a short distance, to ascertain, if possible, the position of the enemy's lines. Having scoured the woods for half a mile to the front, and finding no enemy, and the shells from our gunboats falling but a few feet in front of us, we halted and remained in position until about midnight.’ —Report of Lieutenant-Colonel Jones, Twenty-fourth Ohio Volunteers. From all which it will be seen that Grant put two of Buell's regiments in support of a battery, and that one of these regiments lost two men killed and one wounded; and that this was the amount of fighting done by Buell on the 6th of April.