Sketch of Third battery of Maryland Artillery.
Paper no. 5.On the 7th of May the battery was ordered to the front on the line in Crow's Valley, and when, on the 8th, the enemy moved up as if to attack the Confederate works, they were received with so vigorous a fire that they rapidly withdrew. But two men of the Third Maryland were wounded: Privates N. M. Beverly and J. G. Martin. Again, on the 9th the enemy charged our works, but were repulsed with no loss to the battery. For three days there was only picket-firing along the whole line.
The battle at Resaca.On the night of the 12th the corps fell back to Resaca. Two days later the battery took position on the front, two miles from Resaca, to the left of the Dalton road, and about a hundred yards to the right of an obtuse angle in the line, which was occupied by Dent's Alabama battery. The latter held the summit of a ridge, the prolongation of which, in front, it was expected to command, while Captain Rowan was directed to construct his works at right angles with the ridge, so as to command the Dalton road. He saw that in case the enemy seized and held the ridge in front of the angle, his battery would be enfiladed, and, therefore, began to construct a traverse for the protection of his men. Before it was completed, our skirmish line was driven off the ridge to the shelter of the earth-works, and the battery had to begin firing. Dent's battery was soon withdrawn, as the men were shot down as fast as they took position beside their guns. Rowan's battery now became exposed to a raking fire from the left. The first section, under Lieutenant Ritter was on the left, and was consequently the most severely handled. Under a fire of almost unprecedented intensity, his two guns were speedily silenced, and not long after the other two, under Lieutenant Glies. At the right gun of Ritter's section eight men were killed and wounded within a few minutes, leaving but three at the gun. Among the killed was Corporal Sanchez, a Spaniard, long resident in Mexico, where he had commanded a company under Santa Anna during our war with that country. He was a man of fine military  education, and an accomplished linguist. When number four at the gun was shot down, Sanchez was ordered to fire the piece, but was at that moment struck by the fragment of a shell and thrown by it to the distance of ten feet. He asked to be removed from the spot where he fell. Sergeant Frazier, Lieutenant Ritter and Private Ben. Garst carried him to the right of the gun, and were in the act of laying him down, when Frazier was severely wounded in the face and shoulder. Sanchez died soon after at the field hospital. The moment the first gun was silenced, Sergeant Wynn, in charge of the second, was directed to throw his trail to the right and fire over the first. It happened that Lieutenant Ritter was lying just in front of the parapet of the second gun, so that the canister fired from it passed over and very near his head, covering him with dirt knocked off the parapet by fragments of the missiles fired at the enemy. It was a dangerous position, and the Lieutenant called out with no little vigor to the Sergeant to ‘cease firing.’ The roaring of the guns, and the din of the musketry of course drowned his voice, so that he had to lie still where he was; the enemy in front, his own men behind him, the gun over him scattering its canister fearfully, while it deafened him with its noise, and nearly suffocated him with its sulphurous smoke. Around him lay the dead and wounded of the first detachment. The peril of his own situation did not prevent him from thinking what would be the fate of these poor men, if the enemy charged the works. It was a great relief when he heard Captain Rowan give the order to cease firing. Sergeant Frazier asked Lieutenant Ritter to go to Captain Rowan, and ask that he might be carried off the field at once. He was told that it would be exceedingly dangerous to do so, as the moment a person appeared above the parapet, he drew the enemy's fire. Frazier insisted, and carried his point. Lieutenant Ritter jumped over the slight earthwork that covered his gun on the left, ran around the front of the others, and jumped into that one where Captain Rowan and Colonel Beckham were. The trip was full of danger, as hundred of minnie balls buzzed about his head the whole thirty yards he had to go. The Captain would not allow him to return. At dusk the infirmary corps came up to remove the wounded, and later, during the night, the dead were buried. Corporal A. J. Davis, of the second detachment, made a very narrow escape while serving his gun on this occasion. The belt supporting his gunner's pouch, and his suspenders, were cut into by the enemy's minnie balls. He displayed conspicuous gallantry throughout  the engagement, taking deliberate aim before every discharge of his piece, all the time being exposed to the fire of the enemy, who were but one hundred yards off, but still he stood to his piece until the order, ‘cease firing,’ was given. Captain Rowan left Lieutenant Ritter in command, with orders to remodel the works during the night, while he himself went to look after some horses for the battery, to take the place of those which had been killed. Nine horses had been lost during the day. Lieutenant Ritter's saddle horse was shot and instantly killed early in the engagement. Lieutenant Ritter worked all night and by daylight the next morning the works were completed Early on the morning of the 15th, Corput's battery was advanced to a position three hundred yards in front of the main line, and to the right of the Dalton road, with the object of enfilading the enemy's line. Before their entrenchments were completed, the Federals moved up through the woods a heavy column of infrantry, and charged the battery, running the cannoneers from their guns at the point of the bayonet, and planting their flag on the works. They were driven out in turn by the Confederate infantry posted in the rear, and the guns remained untouched, covered by the fire of both armies until night, when they fell into the enemy's lands. In making the charge just described, the right of the enemy's column passed within three hundred yards of Rowan's battery, giving the latter the opportunity to open a terrific fire upon them. Many were killed and wounded, as they knew from the number of litters they saw leaving the field. The firing continued throughout the day, at intervals. Lieutenant Ritter was wounded by a minnie ball, in the right arm, above the elbow, but the wound was of slight importance, as the ball passed through the fleshy part of the arm and lodged in the sleeve. He dressed the wound himself, and did not leave the field. At night the army fell back. It was about 9 P. M. when the guns and limbers were run off the hill by hand to a ravine near by, and there limbered up. In withdrawing the pieces, the Lieutenant ordered his men to drive in stakes at each embrasure, to create the impression that he was fortifying. While thus engaged, they heard a voice call out to them through the darkness from the enemy in front: ‘It's about time now that Johnny Reb were getting away.’ And so he did, marching across Oostenaula river to Adairsville, which was reached on the 16th.  The pontoon bridge over the Oostenaula river was covered with green corn stalks to prevent a noise as the carriages passed over. The casualties of the Third Maryland at Resaca, were three killed and fifteen wounded: Killed: Corporal B. Sanchez, privates Henry Steward, and a third whose name is lost. Wounded: Lieutenant Ritter, Sergeant L. W. Frazier, Corporals A. J. Davis and B. Bradford, privates John Bushong, W. E. Davis, J. G. Cannon, J. Faulk, Ben. Garst, J. Isham, J. S. Scales, J. A. Turner, M. P. Talton, W. Pirkle and A. P. Wade. The spokes of the second gun were so shattered by the minnie balls, that false spokes had to be put in before the piece could be removed. The following paper shows how difficult and dangerous a post was held by the Third Maryland in the battle of Resaca:
Captain,—I regret exceedingly that an unfortunate wound prevents me from being with the battalion. I am proud of the command and doubt not they will acquit themselves well. You will take charge and 1 will thank you to express to the officers and men my regrets at not being able to see them through a fight, which I am assured will result in a glorious victory. Rowan has an unfortunate position, in which I was required to place him, and I will thank you to see him particularly, and express to him and his men my earnest hope that they will not suffer so greatly as I fear. My whole thoughts are with the battalion. I believe and hope that we will be successful, and my great regret is that I was wounded so early in the fight. I am, Captain, very truly, your friend,