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Confederate Artillery at Second Manassas and Sharpsburg.

By Colonel William Allan, Late Chief of Ordnance Second Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
Is it possible to obtain a correct roster of the Confederate artillery present at Second Manassas, and also of that present during the Sharpsburg campaign?

The following is sent, with the hope that it may elicit additions. and corrections:

At Second Manassas.

On Jackson's wing.

Attached to Jackson's Old Division, (Major L. M. Shumaker, Chief of Artillery).—Brockenbrough's Maryland Battery; Carpenter's Virginia Battery; Caskie's (Hampden Artillery); Poague's (Rockbridge Artillery); Raines's (Lee Artillery); Wooding's (Danville Artillery); Rice's; Cutshaw's—(8).

Attached to A. P. Hill's Division, (Lieutenant-Colonel R. L. Walker, Chief of Artillery).—Braxton's (Fredericksburg Artillery); Crenshaw's; Davidson's (Letcher Artillery); Latham's [290] (Branch Artillery); McIntosh's (Pee Dee Artillery); Pegram's (Purcell Artillery); Fleet's (Middlesex Artillery)—(7).

Attached to Ewell's Division, (Major A. R. Courtenay, Chief of Artillery); Lattimer's (Courtenay Artillery); J. R. Johnson's (Bedford Artillery); D'Aquin's (Louisiana Guard Artillery); Dement's (First Maryland Artillery); Brown's (Second Maryland Artillery); Balthis's (Staunton Artillery); Pleasants's (Manchester Artillery)—(7).

On Longstreet's wing.

Attached to Hood's Division, (Major B. W. Frobel, Chief of Artillery).—Bachman's South Carolina Battery; Garden's South Carolina Battery; Reilly's North Carolina Battery—(3).

Attached to Wilcox's Division.—Anderson's (Thomas Artillery), with Wilcox's Brigade; Maurin's (Donaldsonville Artillery), with Pryor's Brigade; Chapman's (Dixie Artillery), with Featherston's Brigade—(3).

Attached to G. T. Anderson's Brigade, (D. R. Jones's Division). Brown's (Wise Artillery)—(1).

Attached to Evans's Brigade.—Boyce's South Carolina Battery (Macbeth Artillery)—(1).

Attached to Anderson's Division, (Major Saunders, Chief of Artillery).—Huger's Battery; Moorman's; Grimes's—(3).

There were also present, not assigned to special infantry commands:

Washington Artillery, Colonel J: B. Walton.—Squire's (First Company); Richardson's (Second Company); Miller's (Third Company); Eshleman's (Fourth Company)—(4).

Lee's Battalion, Colonel S. D. Lee.—Eubank's Battery; Jordan's; Parker's; Rhett's; Taylor's—(5).

With the Cavalry under J. E. B. Stuart.—Pelham's Battery; Hart's (?)—(2).

The following may have been present, but their assignments are not known to me: Leake's; Rogers' (Loudoun Artillery); Stribling's (Fauquier Artillery)—(3).

There came up, after Second Manassas, from Richmond

Of the Reserve Artillery, five or six companies of Brown's First Virginia Regiment—Dance's (Powhatan Artillery); Hupp's (Salem Artillery); Macon's (Richmond Fayette Artillery); Watson's (Second Richmond Howitzers); Smith's (Third Richmond Howitzers); Coke's—(6?). [291]

Nelson's Battalion, Major William Nelson.—Ancell's Battery; Huckstep's; Kirkpatrick's; Milledge's—(4).

Cults's Battalion, Lieutenant-Colonel Cutts.—Blackshear's Battery; Rose's; Lane's; Patterson's—(4).

With D. H Hill.

Jones's Battalion, Major H. P. Jones.—Wimbush's Battery; Turner's; Peyton's (Fry's); R. C. M. Page's—(4).

D. H. Hill had also Carter's (King William Artillery); Bondurant's (Jeff. Davis Artillery), and Hardaway's Battery—(3).

With McLaws's Division.—Read's Battery; Carleton's; Lloyd's (?); Manly's—(4).

Moody's Battery (1), was attached to Colonel S. D. Lee's command.

There were also with the army in September, G. W. Nelson's Battery (Hanover Artillery); T. J. Page's; Marmaduke Johnson's; Woolfolk's; Dearborn's—(5)—the assignment of which I do not know.

This gives a total of forty-seven batteries in the Second Manassas campaign, and of thirty-one added afterwards, or seventy-eight in all.

A report of General Pendleton in regard to the reorganization of the artillery, dated October 2, 1862, (page 569, vol. VI, Confederate Reports, as republished at Washington,) states that there were then attached to the army seventy-two batteries, exclusive of Stribling's and Bondurant's, which had been sent to the rear; but he includes, apparently, in this number, three companies of Brown's regiment (Wyatt's, Ritter's, and Young's), left at Richmond. If this be so, he had but seventy-one batteries, counting Stribling and Bondurant. The excess above may, in some cases, be due to counting the same company twice under different names, or to the fact that companies not present at all are enumerated.

Will old artillery officers please correct the errors they may see?

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