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[287] and in many less affairs, such as Auburn, Summerville Ford, Fairfield and Port Republic. Some of these names stand for several days of battle. I doubt if there was an officer or soldier in the Army of Northern Virginia who, in the open field, was oftener under fire. He was the right-hand man of Jackson, in his corps, and the right-hand man of Lee, after Jackson had fallen, and he enjoyed the abiding confidence of both. He was successively a colonel, a brigadier-general, a major-general and a lieutenant-general, each promotion coming to him unsolicited and unsought, and he commanded with equal ability a regiment, a brigade, a division, a corps, and an army.

It was his brigade which, after a swift march from right to left, at the first battle of Manassas, broke the last front of resistance offered by the enemy; and General Joseph E. Johnston says of Colonel Early, in his narrative of the war: ‘He reached the position intended just when the Federal army was apparently about to assume the offensive, and assailed its exposed front. The attack was conducted with too much skill and courage to be for a moment doubtful. The Federal right was at once thrown into confusion. A general advance of the Confedrate line, directed by General Beauregard, completed our success, and won the battle.’ This gave Early promotion to the rank of brigadier-general.

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