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Twenty-Second North Carolina Infantry. [from the Charlotte, N. C , observer. April 21, 1895.] its history by Major Graham Daves. Its organization, with accurate Rosters. Field and line Officers—J. Johnston Pettigrew its first Colonel—The Regiment rendered splendid service to the State from the beginning to the bitter end.

The 22d Regiment of North Carolina Troops was organized in camp near Raleigh in July, 1861, by the election of the following field officers: Colonel, J. Johnston Pettigrew, of Tyrrell county, then a resident of Charleston, S. C. Colonel Pettigrew had seen service with the forces in South Carolina, and commanded a regiment at the siege and capture of Fort Sumter by the Confederates in April, 1861. Lieutenant-Colonel, John O. Long, of Randolph county, a graduate of the United States Military Academy at West Point; Major, Thomas S. Gallaway, Jr., of Rockingham county, a graduate of the Virginia Military Institute at Lexington, Va. The commissions of the field officers all bore date of July 11th, 1861.

The regiment was composed originally of twelve companies, but two of them, ‘C’ and ‘D,’ were very soon transferred to other commands, and the lettering, A, B, E, F, G, H, I, K, L, and M, for the ten companies was retained. This fact is mentioned because the lettering of the companies of this regiment, as reported in the register published by the Adjutant-General of the State in November, 1861, and in the roster of the troops published by the State in 1882, is incorrectly given. Company A was from Caldwell county; Company B, from McDowell county; Company E, from Guilford county; Company F, from Alleghany county; Company G, from Caswell county; Company H, from Stokes county; Company I, from Randolph county; Company K, from McDowell county; Company L, from Randolph county, and Company M, from Randolph county.

The organization of the regiment was completed by the appointment of Lieutenant Graham Daves, of Craven county, as adjutant, July 24, 1861; Dr. James K. Hall, of Guilford county, surgeon, July 24, 1861; Dr. Benjamin A. Cheek, of Warren county, assistantsur-geon, July 24, 1861; James J. Litchford, of Wake county, assistantquartermaster, [257] July 19, 1861; Rev. A. B. Cox, of Alleghany county, July 16, 1861, chaplain, and Hamilton C. Graham (Company I), of Craven county, as sergeant-major.

First called the 12th Volunteers, the regiment was shortly after numbered and designated the 22d Troops. The change was made in the Adjutant-General's office at Raleigh to avoid confusion. With the exception of the ‘Bethel Regiment,’ or 1st Volunteers, and perhaps the 2d, which served first for six months only, the troops first enlisted were mustered into service for one year and were called volunteers. The Legislature, however, also authorized the enlistment of ten regiments ‘for the term of the war,’ eight of infantry, one of cavalry, 9th, and one of artillery, 10th, to be called ‘State Troops,’ and numbered one to ten. This would have caused the numbering of ten regiments each of ‘State Troops’ and of ‘Volunteers’ respectively to have been the same, and the numbers of the volunteer regiments were therefore moved forward ten. This will explain a change in the numbering of the regiments to include the 14th Volunteers, afterwards the 24th Troops, which seems not to be understood. A duplication of this sort in the numbering of certain regiments of Georgia and South Carolina troops did actually exist, and caused much confusion.

The regiment was first armed as follows: to the two flank companies were issued rifled muskets of a then comparatively recent Springfield pattern. The other eight companies had old-style flintlock muskets, with bright barrels, altered to percussions. All were muzzle loading, and the latter were not effective at more than 200 yards, if that. The cartridges were of paper, to be torn with the teeth, and the cap pouches, bayonet scabbards, cartridge boxes, canteens and haversacks were of the rudest description. Of knapsacks there were few or none, except what the men or their officers furnished.

The first captain of A Company was W. F. Jones, of Caldwell county, who was succeeded by Thos. D. Jones, of the same. The entire number of rank and file in this company serving at one time or another during its whole term of service was 187 men. Company B had for its first captain James M. Neal, of McDowell county, and numbered of rank and file from first to last 171 men. Captain Columbus C. Cole, of Greensboro, commanded E Company, which numbered 184 rank and file while in service. Jesse F. Reeves, of Alleghany county, was first captain of F Company, which numbered 160 men during its term. J. A. Burns was captain of G Company [258] at the organization of the regiment, but was shortly after succeeded by John W. Graves. The company numbered in all 145 men. Hamilton Scales, of Stokes county, was captain of H Company, which numbered in all 200 men. I Company's first captain was Shubal G. Worth, of Randolph county. The company numbered 188 men. Alney Burgin, of McDowell county, was first captain of K Company. Robert H. Gray, of L Company, and John M. Odell, of M Company, which numbered, respectively, during their several terms of service, 151, 178, and 146 men. These figures are mentioned here for convenience, and represent, of course, enlistments and assignments for the whole period of the war. At the completion of its organization the regiment numbered nearly 1,000 enlisted men. Shortly after its organization it was ordered to Virginia, and made its first halt in Richmond. Remaining in camp there for a short time, it was next ordered to the Potomac to form part of the command of General Theophilus H. Holmes, and was first stationed at Brooks' station near Acquia creek. Soon, however, it marched to Evansport, a point on the Potomac river, the present Quantico station, between the Chappawansic and Quantico creeks, where batteries of heavy guns were to be established to blockade the Potomac below Washington. Going into camp at this place late in September, the regiment was stationed there during the autumn and winter of 1861-‘62, on duty in the erection and support of the batteries which were in great part constructed by details of its men. There were three of these batteries at first, mounted with 9-inch Dalghren guns, smooth bore 32 and 42 pounders, and one heavy rifled Blakely gun, and they were thought to be formidable in those days. No. 2 Battery was in part manned by Company I, of the regiment, detailed for that purpose, where it continued to serve as long as the post was occupied. After the batteries opened, traffic by water to Washington ceased almost entirely, but the river there being about two miles wide, some craft succeeded in running the gauntlet from time to time, among others the steam sloop of war Pensacola, which passed at night.

While on duty at Evansport, about the middle of October, 1861, the following roster of the line officers of the regiment, with the dates of their commissions, was returned:

Company A: Thomas D. Jones, captain, August 8, 1861; J. B. Clark, first lieutenant, August 8, 1861; Felix G. Dula, second lieutenant, August 8, 1861; William W. Dickson, second lieutenant, August 8, 1861. [259]

Company B: James H. Neale, captain, May 8, 1861; A. G. Halyburton, first lieutenant, May 8, 1861; J. M. Higgins, second lieutenant, May 8, 1861; Samuel H. Adams, second lieutenant, May 8, 1861.

Company E: Columbus C. Cole, captain, May 23, 1861; H. E. Charles, first lieutenant, May 23, 1861; W. H. Faucett, second lieutenant, May 23, 1861; John N. Nelson, second lieutenant, July 27, 1861.

Company F: Preston B. B. Reeves, captain, September 10, 1861; John Gambol, first lieutenant, September 1, 1861; Horton L. Reeves, second lieutenant, May 27, 1861; George McReeves, second lieutenant, August 27, 1861.

Company G: John W. Graves, captain, October 11, 1861; J. J. Stokes, first lieutenant, May 28, 1861; P. Smith, second lieutenant, May 28, 1861; John N. Blackwell, second lieutenant, August 24, 1861.

Company H: Hamilton Scales, captain, June 1, 1861; Ephraim Bouldin, first lieutenant, June 1, 1861; S. Martin, second lieutenant, June 1, 1861.

Company I: Shubal G. Worth, captain, June 5, 1861; E. H. Winningham, first lieutenant, August 12, 1861: Alexander C. Mc-Allister, second lieutenant, August 15, 1861; Hamilton C. Graham, second lieutenant, August 15, 1861.

Company K: Alney Burgin, captain, June, 1861; Charles H. Burgin, first lieutenant, June 5, 1861; A. W. Crawford, second lieutenant, June 5, 1861; I. E. Morris, second lieutenant, June 5, 1861.

Company L: Robert H. Gray, captain, June 18, 1861; Claiborne Gray, first lieutenant, June 18, 1861; J. A. C. Brown, second lieutenant, June 18, 1861; W. G. Spencer, second lieutenant, June 18, 1861.

Company M: John M. Odell, captain, June 10, 1861; Laban Odell, first lieutenant, June Io, 1861; J. M. Pounds, second lieutenant, June 10, 1861; Henry C. Alfred, second lieutenant, June, 10, 1861.

At different times during its entire term of service, the following were line officers of the Twenty-Second Regiment; the list is not quite complete:

Company A—captains: W. F. Jones, Thomas D. Jones, James M. Isbell, William B. Clark. Lieutenants: Joseph B. Clark, James W. Sudderth, Felix G. Dula, William W. Dickson, Marcus Deal, J. W. Justice.

Company B—captains: James M. Neal, J. T. Conley, George H. [260] Gardin. Lieutenants: Samuel H. Adams, James M. Higgins, Robert A. Tate, S. P. Tate.

Company E—captains: Columbus C. Cole, Charles E. Harper, Joseph A. Hooper, Martin M. Wolfe, Robert W. Cole. Lieutenants: Andrew J. Busick, W. H. Faucett, James H. Hanner, John N. Nelson, O. C. Wheeler.

Company F—captains: Jesse F. Reeves, Preston B. Reeves, W. L. Mitchell, S. G. Caudle. Lieutenants: John Gambole, N. A. Reynolds, David Edwards, Horton S. Reeves, Calvin Reeves, George G. Reeves, Calvin C. Carrier.

Company G—captains: Edward M. Scott, J. A. Burns, John W. Graves, Stanlin Brinchfield. Lieutenants: O. W. Fitzgerald, James T. Stokes, Peter Smith, J. N. Blackwell, B. S. Mitchell, Martin H. Cobb.

Company H—captains: Hamilton Scales, Ephraim Bouldin, William H. Lovins. Lieutenants: S. Martin, C. C. Smith, John K. Martin, Sam B. Ziglar, Shadrack Martin, Joshua D. Ziglar.

Company I—captains: Shubal G. Worth, George V. Lamb. Lieutenants: Robert Hanner, Eli H. Winningham, John H. Palmer, B. W. Burkhead, William McAuley, Hamilton C. Graham, Alex. A. McAllister, J. S. Robbins, R. A. Glenn, R. W. Winbourne.

Company K—captains: Alney Burgin, Charles H. Burgin, William B. Gooding, E. J. Dobson. Lieutenants: Isaac E. Morris, A. W. Crawford, J. L. Greenlee, J. B. Burgin, John M. Burgin, J. E. Bailey.

Company L—captains: Robert H. Gray, J. A. C. Brown, Lee Russell, Yancey M. C. Johnson. Lieutenants: Claiborn Gray, William G. Spencer, E. C. Harney, Oliver M. Pike, Calvin H. Welborn.

Company M—captains: John M. Odell, Laban Odell, Warren B. Kivett, Columbus F. Siler. Lieutenants: J. M. Robbins, James M. P. ounds, Henry C. Alfred, Lewis F. McMasters, John M. Lawrence, A. W. Lawrence.

Besides the lieutenants named above, the captains of the several companies had in nearly every instance served as lieutenants previous to their promotion. Hon. Walter Clark, now Justice of the Supreme Court of the State, who will compile and edit the histories of our North Carolina regiments, was, at its organization, a drillmaster in the 22d. He was then little more than a boy.

Until March 2, 1862, the regiment remained in support of the batteries at Evansport, in brigade at different times with the 1st Arkansas, the 2d Tennessee, a Virginia regiment, and perhaps other regiments, [261] under command, in the order named, of Generals John G. Walker, Isaac R. Trimble, and Samuel G. French. While there the health of the men was good, except for measles, which seemed to be epidemic in all the regiments. The batteries were frequently engaged with the enemy's gunboats, and with batteries on the Maryland side of the Potomac, but the casualties were very few. Company I had several men wounded by the bursting of a forty-two-pounder gun in Battery No. 2. While on duty at Evansport, Colonel Pettigrew was promoted brigadier-general, but feeling that his services were of more value in furthering the re-enlistment and re-organization of the regiment, then near at hand, he declined the appointment—a rare instance of patriotism and devotion to the public good. When the army fell back from Manassas and the Potomac in March, 1862, to the line of the Rappahannock, General French commanded the brigade which took post at Fredericksburg. Soon after General French was transferred to a command in North Carolina, and the regiment was marched to the peninsula below Richmond and shared in the Williamsburg and Yorktown campaign. Returning to the vicinity of Richmond, and Colonel Pettigrew having been again appointed brigadier, in command of the brigade, which appointment he this time accepted, Lieutenant-Colonel Charles E. Lightfoot, previously of the 6th Regiment, was promoted colonel. Under his command the regiment went into the fight at Seven Pines in May-June, 1862, in which it was heavily engaged and its losses were severe. General Pettigrew was here wounded and made prisoner. Colonel Lightfoot was also captured. Captain Thomas D. Jones and Lieutenant S. H. Adams were killed, besides many others, and the aggregate loss of the regiment was 147 in all.

Soon after Seven Pines the regiment was re-organized, when the following were elected field officers: James Connor, of South Carolina, colonel; Captain Robert H. Gray, of Company L, lieutenant-colonel, and Captain Columbus C. Cole, of Company E, major. They took rank from June 14th, 1862. There were many changes also in the line officers. Previously Adjutant Graham Daves had been promoted captain and assigned to duty as assistant adjutant-general on the general staff, and Lieutenant P. E. Charles became adjutant. A new brigade, too, was formed, consisting of the 16th, 22d, 34th, and 38th North Carolina Regiments, and placed under the command of Brigadier-General Wm. D. Pender, in the division of General A. P. Hill.

An officer in describing the bearing of the 22d at Seven Pines, [262] says: ‘In all my readings of veterans, and of coolness under fire, I have never conceived of anything surpassing the coolness of our men in this fight.’

In the ‘Seven Days Fight’ around Richmond the regiment was next engaged: First, at Mechanicsville, June 26th, in which Colonel Connor was badly wounded; at Ellison's Mill; at Gaines' Mill, June 27th, where it won the highest encomiums. General A. P. Hill says of it in his report of the battle: ‘The 16th North Carolina, Colonel McElroy, and the 22d, Lieutenant-Colonel Gray, at one time carried the crest of the hill, and were in the enemy's camp, but were driven back by overwhelming numbers.’ And General Pender: ‘My men fought nobly and maintained their ground with great stubbornness.’ Next at Frazier's Farm, June 30th. In this fight the regiment was very conspicuous and suffered severely. Among the killed were Captain Harper and Lieutenant P. E. Charles, of Company E. The latter was bearing the regimental colors at the time, and near him, in a space little more than ten feet square, nine men of the color guard lay dead. Captain Ephraim Bouldin, of Company H, was also killed.

On August 9th the battle of Cedar Mountain was fought. In this engagement the 22d Regiment was charged by a regiment of cavalry which it easily repulsed and punished sharply. Lieutenant Robert W. Cole, of Company E, succeeded Lieutenant Charles as adjutant. The regiment was with Jackson in his battles with Pope of August 28th and 29th, and bore an active part at Second Manassas on August 30th. In these actions it was efficiently commanded by Major C. C. Cole, owing to the extreme sickness of LieutenantColo-nel Gray. Two days later it was again engaged with the enemy at Chantilly, or Ox Hill, fought in a terrible thunder storm, in which the artillery of heaven and of earth seemed to strive in rivalry. The hard service and heavy losses of this campaign may be understood by the fact that at this time there were, out of the twelve field officers of the four regiments of the brigade, but three left on duty with their commands, and some of the companies were commanded by corporals.

Pope, the braggart, had made good use of his ‘Headquarters in the Saddle’ to get out of Virginia, and had learned all about ‘Lines of Retreat.’

The 22d Regiment took part in the reduction and capture of Harper's Ferry on August 15th, where it remained until the 17th, the day the battle of Sharpsburg was fought. On that day the regiment, [263] with the rest of A. P. Hill's Division, arrived on the battle-field after a forced march of seventeen miles, in time to aid in the afternoon in the decided repulse of Burnside's attack at the ‘Stone Bridge,’ thereby preventing the turning of General Lee's right and saving the day to the Confederates. On the night of the 18th the army recrossed the Potomac, and on the 19th was followed by a division of Federals, which was promptly attacked by a part of A. P. Hill's command, routed and driven back across the Potomac at Shepherdstown with great slaughter. The 22d took an active part in this successful fight. After the enemy had been driven into the river, a heavy fire was opened on the Confederates by the Federal batteries and sharpshooters from its northern bank. Under this fire a detachment of the 22d, under Major Cole, lay, with very slight protection, for nearly twelve hours, and could be withdrawn only after nightfall.

Shortly after Shepherdstown, Lieutenant-Colonel Gray rejoined the regiment, and Lieutenant J. R. Cole, previously of the 54th Regiment, was assigned to the 22d as adjutant. On November 22, A. P. Hill's Division, which had been on duty near Martinsburg and at Snicker's Gap in the Blue Ridge (where there was constant skirmishing), marched for Fredericksburg, where it arrived on the 2d of December, a distance of 180 miles. In this winter march many of the men were barefooted, but made merry over it. At the Battle of Fredericksburg, December 13, Jackson's Corps formed the right of Lee's army, and Pender's Brigade was on the left of A. P. Hill's Division in the first line. The regiment acquitted itself in this famous action in a way well worthy its old reputation. The night of the 12th a detail from the regiment by a bold dash succeeded in burning a number of haystacks and houses very near to, and affording cover to, the Federal lines. Major C. C. Cole was in charge of the detail, and next day commanded the skirmish line in front of Pender's Brigade. He was ably seconded by Captain Laban Odell, of Company M., and Lieutenant Clark, of Company A. The brigade maintained its position throughout the action, repulsing every attack upon it, but not without heavy loss. Major Cole was much complimented for his handsome action in dispersing the strong force of the enemy's skirmishers on the brigade front. General Pender was wounded, and his aide-de-camp, Lieutenant Sheppard, was killed in the engagement. Some time before Fredericksburg the 13th North Carolina Regiment, Colonel Alfred M. Scales, had been added to Pender's Brigade.

The winter of 1862-3 was passed in picket and other duty on the [264] Rappahannock below Fredericksburg. Colonel James Conner rejoined the regiment while it was stationed there, but was still unfitted by his severe wound for active duty. The services of Lieutenant-Colonel Gray were lost to the regiment at this time. Always a man of delicate health, he died 16th of March, 1863. Major C. C. Cole was promoted to lieutenant-colonel and Captain O'dell became major, their commissions dating March 16, 1862—positions that these excellent officers were to hold but a short time.

At Chancellorsville in May, 1863, the regiment was in Jackson's flank attack on Hooker, and throughout the whole of the action was heavily engaged. Its losses were very severe. Colonel Cole and Major Odell were both killed, 219 men and twenty-six out of thirty-three officers were killed or wounded, and though the regiment was distinguished by its accustomed efficiency and gallantry, nothing could compensate for the terrible destruction. Chancellorsville was the eighteenth battle of the 22d Regiment, and the most fatal. It went through the Maryland campaign of 1863 and Gettysburg with credit. General Wm. D. Pender had been made a major-general and was now in command of the division, and Colonel Alfred M. Scales, of the 13th Regiment, was promoted brigadier in command of the brigade. It participated in the first day's brilliant success at Gettysburg, was engaged also on the second day, and on the third the brigade was part of General I. R. Trimble's Division, General Pender having been mortally wounded in support of Heth's Division, then under Pettigrew, in the famous charge on Cemetery Heights. In this charge, Archer's and Scales' Brigades occupied and held for a time the Federal works, and when they retreated to the Confederate lines, Scales' Brigade had not one field officer left for duty, and but very few line officers. Its total loss was 102 killed and 322 wounded.

After the return of the regiment to Virginia it was reorganized, when Thomas S. Gallaway, Jr., at one time its major, was elected colonel, to date from September 21st, 1863; Wm. L. Mitchell was lieutenant-colonel; J. H. Welborn, adjutant; J. D. Wilder, quartermaster; P. G. Robinson, surgeon. Benj. A. Cheek was still assistant-surgeon. The line officers, with dates of commission, were as follows:

Company A—Captain: Wm. B. Clarke, October 28, 1862; First Lieutenant: Joseph B. Clarke, October 28, 1862; Second Lieutenant: Wm. A. Tuttle, April 25, 1863.

Company B—Captain——; First Lieutenant: Robert A. Tate, [265] August 1, 1863; Second Lieutenant: George H. Gardin, May 11, 1863; Second Lieutenant: Samuel P. Tate, August 1, 1863.

Company E—Captain: Robert W. Cole, September 15, 1863; First Lieutenant: Andrew J. Busick, September 15, 1863; Second Lieutenant: Oliver C. Wheeler, April 25, 1863.

Company F—Captain; First Lieutenant: David Edwards, October 20, 1862; Second Lieutenant: Shadrach G. Caudle, April 25, 1863.

Company G—Captain: George A. Graves, May 1, 1862; First Lieutenant: Peter Smith, May 10, 1862; Second Lieutenant: Robert L. Mitchell, May 1, 1862; Second Lieutenant: Martin H. Cobb, April 25, 1863.

Company H—Captain: Thomas T. Slade, October 23, 1863; First Lieutenant: John K. Martin, May 25, 1863; Second Lieutenant: Mason T. Mitchell, April 25, 1863; Second Lieutenant: C. L. Graves, May 25, 1863.

Company I—Captain: Gaston V. Lamb, July 18, 1862; First Lieutenant: Burwell W. Burkhead, July 1, 1863; Second Lieutenant: Richard W. Winburne, August 1, 1863; Second Lieutenant: Robert A. Glenn, August 1, 1863.

Company K—Captain:——,——; First Lieutenant:——

——; Second Lieutenant: E. J. Dobson, November 5, 1862.

Company L—Captain: Lee Russell,——,——; First Lieutenant: Yancey M. C. Johnson, August 1, 1863, Second Lieutenant: Oliver M. Pike, July 15, 1863; Second Lieutenant; Calvin H. Wilborne, August 1, 1863.

Company M—Captain: Columbus F. Siler, May 2, 1863; First Lieutenant: James M. Robbins, May 2, 1863; Second Lieutenant: John M. Lawrence, April 25, 1863.

Under this organization, the regiment shared in the events of the ‘campaign of strategy’ in October and November, 1863, on the Rapidan, and endured the cold and other privations in the affair at Mine Run, on the last of the latter month. Going into winter quarters after that, there were no occurrences of much note until the opening of the great campaign in the spring of 1864. MajorGen-eral Cadmus M. Wilcox had been assigned to the command of the division, General Pender having died of the wound received at Gettysburg, and this division with that of Heth, at the Wilderness, on May 5th, withstood and repulsed with heavy loss, every attack of Grant's forces on that memorable day. So severe had been the struggle, that at night when requested by Heth to readjust the lines, [266] much disordered by the persistant fighting, General A. P. Hill simply replied, ‘Let the tired men sleep,’ a decision which, with the delay of Longstreet's corps the next morning in getting into position, had nearly caused disaster. The Twenty-second bore well its part here, and so on, always maintaining its high reputation, at Spotsylvania, North Anna, Cold Harbor, and through the weary winter of hardship and want of 1864-‘65, borne with fortitude, in the trenches at Petersburg; on the trying retreat to Appomattox in April, 1865, where the sad end came. At the surrender there on the 9th, the brigade was under the command of Colonel Joseph H. Hyman, of the Thirteenth Regiment, of Edgecombe county, and numbered all told, 720 men, of whom ninety-two were officers, of the different grades, and 628 were enlisted men. Of the Twenty-second Regiment there were paroled ninety-seven men, and the following officers: Colonel Thomas S. Gallaway, Jr., Lieutenant-Colonel W. S. Mitchell. Captains George H. Gardin; Company B; Robert V. Cole, Company E; Gaston V. Lamb, Company I; E. J. Dobson, Company K; Yancey M. C. Johnson, Company L; Columbus F. Siler, Company M. Lieutenants: William A. Tuttle, Company A; Samuel P. Tate, Company B; Andrew J. Busick, Company E; W. C. Orvell, Company E; Calvin H. Wilborne, Company L, Thirteenth. In Company F, but eight privates ‘present for duty,’ were left, and in Company H, but five. Besides those mentioned, several members of the regiment, who were on detached service, were paroled elsewhere.

And so the regiment was disbanded, and its few surviving members sought their distant homes with heavy hearts indeed at the failure of the cause they had upheld so long and so bravely, undeterred by privation and unappalled by dangers, but still sustained by the parting words of their illustrious chief, and the consciousness of right and of duty well done. No nobler band of men ever offered their all at the behest of the sovereign State to which they owed allegiance, and to the little squad of them, now ‘in the sere, the yellow leaf,’ who not have not yet ‘crossed over the river and rest under the shade of the trees,’ an old comrade sends warmest greeting and best wishes. Would that his feeble efforts in attempting to preserve some portion, at least, of their record were more worthy of their matchless deeds. Few of them, if any, there were who, when all was over, might not have said, in the words of St. Paul: ‘I have fought a good fight; * * I have kept the faith.’

And to those of the regiment—that larger regiment by far—who [267] sleep their last sleep where at duty's call they laid down their lives, on the plains and hillsides of Virginia and Maryland, from the Appomattox to the Antietam, is gladly rendered the fullest meed of grateful praise. Their fidelity and devoted sacrifice shall be celebrated in song and story, and shall be borne in loving memory while time shall last.

* * * * “Lament them not!
     No love can make immortal
That span which we call life;
     And never heroes passed to life eternal
From fields of grander strife.

In offering this imperfect history of the 22d Regiment of North Carolina Troops in the late war between the States, the writer will say, in explanation of its many omissions and shortcomings, that during more than the last two years of its service, he had been transferred to other duty, and was not a member of the regiment. He gratefully acknowledges his indebtedness to Lieutenant J. R. Cole, some time its adjutant, for much valuable information. He hopes the brave story of the part the regiment bore in the momentous campaigns of 1864-‘65 will yet be told in full detail.

Graham Daves, First Adjutant, 22d N. C. Troops. Newbern, N. C., March, 1895.

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