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Roll and roster of Pelham's,

Afterward Breathed's, famous Battery, Stuart's Horse Artillery Battalion, Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, C. S. A.

Corrected and verified at various times by Captain Daniel Shanks, Lieutenant J. Wm. Cosgrove, Orderly Sergeants S. Murray and Z. F. Williams, and Privates H. H. Matthews, L. O. Bennett, Walter G. Smith, Henry Weeks, T. Frank Yates, and others. [349]

Revised by Colonel Winfield Peters, of Maryland Line, member of Historical Committee, etc., United Confederate Veterans, Baltimore, Md., February, 1903.

This renowned battery grew out of the Newtown, Va., Battery; when, at Centreville, Va., in November, 1861, it was changed to a horse battery (every man mounted), under the command of Captain John Pelham, and was attached to the cavalry at the instance of Brigadier-General J. E. B. Stuart, and the battery was known as the Stuart Horse Artillery. Other horse batteries, uniting with Pelham's, formed the battalion, Stuart Horse Artillery, and Pelham was promoted to major.

Major John Pelham was killed in the cavalry battle at Kelly's Ford, Va., March 17, 1863.

Major R. F. Beckham (formerly Captain of the Newtown Battery) succeeded Major Pelham, April 8, 1863, and was relieved in the fall of 1863. Major R. Preston Chew succeeded Major Beckham in the spring of 1864, and, on the recommendation of General Hampton, Major Chew was promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel, August 10, 1864.

Captain James Breathed succeeded Captain Pelham as battery commander. Captain Breathed was promoted to major, Stuart Horse Artillery Battalion, in the spring of 1864, serving until the end of the war.

By order of General Stuart, Private James Breathed, Company B, Twelfth Virginia Cavalry, was transferred to Pelham's Horse Battery, November, 1861.

Major Breathed died at Hancock, Md., February 14, 1870.

Captain P. Preston Johnston succeeded Captain Breathed as battery commander. Captain Johnston was promoted to major, Stuart Horse Artillery Battalion, in the fall of 1864, serving until the end of the war. Now living, and the only surviving officer of the battery.

Captain Daniel Shanks succeeded Captain Johnston as battery commander in the fall of 1864, serving until the end of the war.

Shanks had served as corporal, Company H, and as color-corporal in the First Maryland Infantry, June 18, 1861, until June 18, 1862. He was then honorably discharged, and thereupon enlisted in Captain Pelham's Battery.

Captain Shanks died in Leonardtown, Md., July, 1892. First Lieutenant, William Hoxton. Wounded badly at Trevillian Station, Va. [350]

First Lieutenant, Francis H. Wigfall. Promoted to Major and Aide-de-Camp, Staff of General Joseph E. Johnston.

First.Lieutenant, M. W. Henry. Killed at Sharpsburg, Md., ‘Antietum,’ September 17, 1862.

Second Lieutenant, J. William Cosgrove. Died near Mt. Ephraim, Montgomery county, Md., December 6, 1902, aged 69 years.

Second Lieutenant, Edgar Hill.

Second Lieutenant, M. A. Febry. Acted as Quartermaster and Commissary of the Battery. Died at Maryland Line Confederate Soldiers' Home, Pikesville, Md.

Dr. William H. Murray, Assistant-Surgeon.

Rev. George H. Zimmerman, Chaplain.

Non-commissioned officers.

Sergeant-Major of Battalion Stuart Horse Artillery, Elijah T. Russell. Promoted from Private in Breathed's Battery. Killed in Luray Valley, Va.

Sergeant-Major, Battalion Stuart Horse Artillery, Town Dodson. Promoted from Private in Breathed's Battery.

Orderly Sergeants, Stirling Murray and Z. F. Williams. Sergeant Murray was captured at Westminster, Md., June 29, 1863. In prison until fall of 1864.

Color-Bearer, Robert L. Mackall.

Sergeant, Alfred Russell.

Sergeant, Charles Seymour.

Sergeant, Smith (Mississippi).

Sergeant, Harry Thomas.

Corporal, Demetrius Coode. Wounded at White House, Va., on Pamunkey river. Killed at Aldie, Va., June 18, 1863

Corporal, C. D. Costigan. Killed at Union, Va., November 2, 1862.

Corporal, Fay.

Corporal, Fayette Gibson.

Corporal, Hal. H. Hopkins. Wounded at Union, Va.

Corporal, Joseph Warro.

Bugler, Martin Burke. Lost a leg at Blackburn's Ford, Va.

Bugler, Frank Willis.



Aiken, Thomas.

Anderson, [351]

Arnold, Frank.

Baber, 1st.

Baber, 2d.

Balch, William,

Beall, Lloyd. Reputed Captain Battery M, Fourth Artillery, U. S. Regular Army.

Bennett, L. Orrick.

Bennett, William V.

Bollman, J. M., No. 7. Wounded at Union, Va., November 2, 1862, by the explosion of a caisson.

Boyd, Hamilton. Died near Orange C. H., Va.

Branch, Charles.

Brown, James F.

Bulger, John.



Burke, Hugh. Wounded at Funkstown, Md.

Byron. Killed; place not known.

Cahill, Martin.





Conroy, Dennis. Orderly for Major Pelham.

Covington, William. Mortally wounded near Winchester, Va.

Culbreth, John, No. 8. Wounded at Union, Va., November 2, 1862, by the explosion of a caisson.

Dillon, Anthony. Wounded.

Dodson, Town. Promoted to Sergeant-Major Battalion Stuart Horse Artillery.

Dorsey, John. Captured; confined in Fort Delaware; escaped; returned to his command; got a furlough, and instead of taking it, went with the command and was killed near Warrenton, Va.

Dumne, James.

Dusenberry, John.


Epperly, 1st.

Epperly, 2d.

Evans, Benton. Killed in the Shenandoah Valley. [352]

Evans, Charles A. Lost an arm at Second Manassas.

Evans, William. Killed at Chancellorsville.

Gardiner, F.

Gavigan, Michael.


Gibson, E.

Goodman, William. Reputed to have been a captain in a Pennsylvania regiment.

Greenwell, Hebb. Killed at Aldie, Va., June 18, 1863.


Haller, Uriah.

Hart, Frank. Lost an arm at Second Cold Harbor, Va.



Hobson, Dean.


Hopkins, William. Wounded at New Baltimore, Va., September, 1863.

Hunter, Dr. Pat.

Jenkins, Thomas.

Johnston, F. N.

Kane, James C.

Kane, John.

Key, John R.

King, E. S. Captured at Westminster, Md., June 29, 1863.

Latimer, George S.



Loudenslager, Thomas. Lost an arm at Second Cold Harbor, Va.

Luckett, George.

Lusby, John.

McCabe, George.

McCabe, William.


McNellis. Killed at Fredericksburg, Va.

Mangum, 1st.

Mangum, 2d.

Mason, William.

Matthews, Henry H.

Merryman, Samuel. [353]

Minnigerode, Charles.

Mintzner, Samuel. Killed at Winchester, Va., October, 1864.

Moore, John.

Morton, Clem.

Morton, N. S. M.

Muth, Alford. Killed at Little Baltimore, Va., October, 1863.


Neal, Frank.

Neal, Henry (or Harry).

O'Brien, Edw. H.

Owens, James.

Owens, Thomas. Killed in the Valley of Virginia.

Parker, Joseph. Killed at Aldie, Va., June 18, 1863.

Phillips, John. Killed at Union, Va., November 2, 1862.


Riley, Thomas. Died at Fredericksburg, Va.


Roe, David.

Russell, Elijah T. Promoted to Sergeant-Major, Battalion Stuart Horse Artillery.

Russell, Mit.

Ryan, John, 1st. Lost a leg at Shady Grove, Va., May 8, 1864.

Ryan, John, 2d.


Sisson, Kit.


Smith, Walter G. Wounded at Brandy Station, Va.

Smith (Richmond, Va.

Smith (Washington, D. C.) Killed at Tom's Brook, Va., October 9, 1864.

Smith (Dutch).

Stanley, Pat.

Swancoat, Thomas.

Taliaferro, John.

Terryberry, William.

Terry, George. Wounded six times.

Thomas, George.

Thomas, Paulus.

Thomas (Lynchburg, Va.

Thornton, Frank. [354]

Tongue, Richard.

Triplett, George. Lost a leg near Bull Run, Va.

Trust, George.

Turner, Thomas.

Turner, Wilson. Killed at Second Manassas, Va., August, 1862.

Vaughn (Alabama). Killed near Brandy Station, Va., October, 1863.

Ward, Frank.

Wagner, Harry. Wounded at Beverly Ford, Va., June 9, 1863.

Weeks, Henry.

Wile, Daniel L.

Wilson, Charles.

Yates, T. Frank. Shot on the nose at Carlisle, Pa., July 1, 1863.

Young (Georgia). Wounded June 9, 1863.

Zimmerman, William.

Recapitulation. Commissioned officers.

Assistant Surgeon,1

Non-commisioned officers and privates.

Orderly Sergeants,2

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Clement A. Evans (3)
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