sailing master, respectively.
Upon the secession of Virginia
he resigned and tendered his services to Governor Letcher
and was commissioned a lieutenant in the State
navy, and later in the Confederate States
In 1861 he was stationed at a naval battery at West Point
, York River, Va.
, and there reported to General Magruder
to drill soldiers at the navy guns covering the Williamsburg Road
Later he was ordered on similar duty at a naval battery on Spratley
's farm, on James River
, and thence to Charleston, S. C.
, as the third lieutenant
of the C. S. S. Nashville
, and made her cruise to England
and back to Beaufort, N. C.
, where he was left in command of the vessel until her purchasers could send a crew to her. Upon the capture of Newberne
by the Federals
he ran the ship through the blockade and into Georgetown, S. C.
, and there delivered her to her purchasers.
He was, in March, 1862, ordered to New Orleans as third lieutenant of the Confederate States
and commanded her bow division in the desperate fight with Farragutrs fleet in passing Forts Jackson
and St. Philip
After this conflict, when the Louisiana
was destroyed to prevent her falling into the enemy's hands, he was captured and sent to Fort Warren
, at Boston
He was exchanged in August, 1862, and ordered as first lieutenant of the gunboat Chattahoochee
, on the Chattahoochee River
Later he was ordered abroad to join a Confederate vessel.
While awaiting her, he was selected to take dispatches from the Confederate
commissioners in England
, and Captain Bulloch
, in charge of equipping cruisers, to the Richmond
These dispatches were taken through the blockade and delivered, and he was sent back to the commissioners with return dispatches.
In October, 1864, he was ordered as executive officer of the C. S. S. Shenandoah
, and after her unique cruise surrendered to the British Government
in Liverpool, Eng.
, in November, 1865.
In December, 1865, he went to Buenos Ayres
, and remained in the Argentine Confederation
until 1867, when he returned to his home in Virginia
In 1868 he was appointed captain of one of the Bay
Line steamers between Baltimore