The Eleventh Kentucky Cavalry, C. S. A. From the Lexington, Ky. Herald, April 21, 1907.
On August 14, 1862, General E. Kirby Smith
left Knoxville, Tenn.
, with an army of some 1,000 men, about 1,000 of whom were cavalry.
This army, by forced marches, passed rapidly across the intervening mountainous country, subsisting to a great extent upon the roasting ears growing in the fields along their route, and on August 30 its advance brigades, about 5,000 strong, hungry and pugnacious, struck the Federal Army
, under General William Nelson
, some 16,000 strong, at Richmond, Ky.
, and destroyed it. It has been said that in no battle in the Civil War
was an army so completely destroyed as Nelson
's was in this fight.
At the same time General Braxton Bragg
from another direction with a strong force and advanced upon Louisville
; and thus, for the first and only time during the war, nearly the whole of Kentucky
was within the Confederate
During the six weeks it was so situated, a number of Confederate regiments was recruited in the State
On Sunday, August 31, 1862, the day after the battle at Richmond
, Mr. David Walter Chenault
, a prominent citizen of Madison County
, then about thirty-six years old, went to Richmond
from his country place, and on arriving at the town found that a great many young men of Madison
and some of the neighboring counties were there, and anxious to join the Confederate Army, and that Messrs. Carey Hawkins
, John D. Harris
, Clifton Estill
, Dr. Jennings
, and several other prominent and influential citizens of the county, of Southern sentiment, had united in recommending him (Chenault
) to General Kirby Smith
as one of the most suitable men in Kentucky
to recruit and organize a regiment of Kentuckians for the Confederate
As Mr. Chenault
's sympathies were already deeply engaged in the cause, he was easily persuaded to accept the commission; and