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مَا ذ when following كُلّ or إِِنَّ or أَيْنَ or أَىّ, if having the signification of الَّذِى, is written separately. (El-Hareeree, in De Sacy's Anthol. Gram. Ar., p. 67 of the Ar. text.) ― -b2- مَا added to certain adverbial nouns is not merely redundant, but gives to them a conditional and general signification; as in أَيْنَمَا Wherever; and حَيْثُمَا Wherever, and whenever; &c.: see Kur, ii. 143, 145, &c.: and see De Sacy's Gram., i. 537 and 538. ― -b3- مَا While; as in مَا دُمْتُ حَيًّا: and as much as; see Kur, lxiv. 16. ― -b4- بِمَا Because بِمَا كَانُوا يَفْسُقُونَ Because they did transgress; or for that they did transgress. (Kur.) ― -b5- إِِنَّكَ مَا وَخَيْرًا, for مَعَ خَيْرٍ. See خَيْرٌ. ― -b6- مَا is also added to a noun to denote the littleness of that which is signified by the noun; as in أَرَبٌ مَّا Some little want. (IAth in TA, art. ارب.) ― -b7- مَا in أَمَّا and إِِمَّا (of which latter إِِمَّا لَا is an instance) I have mentioned in arts. أَمَّا and إِِمَّا. ― -b8- بَالِغًا مَا بَلَغَ: see بَلَغَ. ― -b9- مَا أَنْتَ [What art thou?] means what are thy qualities, or attributes? (Har, p. 155.) مَا رَبُّ العَالَمِينَ, in the Kur, xxvi. 22, means أَىٌّ شَىْءٍ هُوَ. (Jel.) See also an ex. voce فَىّ. ― -b10- مَا لَكَ signifies أَىُّ شَىْءٍ ثَبَتَ لَكَ (IbrD) and may be rendered What aileth thee? ― -b11- شَىْءٌ مَّا Some particular thing: something. (See إِِيهِ.) Also, Any particular thing? (IbrD.) See an ex. cited voce صَبَاحٌ. ― -b12- فَتًى مَّا فُلَانٌ An excellent youth is such a one. (IbrD.) See Kull, p. 336. See also Bd, middle p. 42. ― -b13- مَا is sometimes put for مَا دَامَ, مَا دَامُوا, and the like; i. e. As long as: see an ex. voce كَاظَّ, and التُّرْكُ, and جَلَّ. ― -b14- الشَّكْلُ إِِلَى الطُّولِ مَا هُوَ The form inclines somewhat to length; agreeably with a rendering voce عُقْرٌ: see De Sacy's Gr., sec. ed., i. 543 and 539: see also شَىْءٌ مَّا above: in the Kur xxxviii. 23, ما is redundant, (Bd,) denoting vagueness and wonder, (Ksh, Bd,) or a corroborative of fewness: (Jel:) it means somewhat whether great or little in degree or importance. -A2- مَا, the negative particle, followed by a pret., often requires the latter to be rendered in English by the preterperfect: ex. مَا رَأَيْتُهُ مُذْ يَوْمَان I have not seen him for two days. See De Sacy's Anthol. Gram. Ar., p. 253.
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