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Later from California.

Exportation of Specie — Tragic Occurrences.

The following is additional news per the Pony Express:

San Francisco, Jan. 2.--In November the amount of treasure received from the country was $3,381,991, and in the same month the export was $4,395,568. It will be perceived, therefore, that we increased our, exports in December by $937,009, while our receipts diminished $361,790. The difference of $1,298,009 had to be furnished by the floating capital of San Francisco, and so heavy a draft in so short a time could not be made without inconvenience.

In order to show how much more treasure we exported in both months than received, the circulation of our city was depleted by the sum of $1,451,919. This amount is diminished somewhat, but not materially, by the imports of treasure from Mexico during November and December--some $160,000 in all. So far as the demand for money is affected by business relations here, we have no doubt it has reached the climax of the season. January will swell the amount coming in from the country, and the obligations for the coming month will diminish the desire to remit eastward. This, however, has yet to manifest itself.

During the month just past about 1200 letters have been sent from California eastward by the Pony express, and the patronage of the express continues to increase steadily, being fully doubled since August.

Members of the Legislature begin to congregate at Sacramento and San Francisco, and are actively canvassing the claims of the different aspirants for the Speakership of both the Senate and the Assembly. Both Houses will convene on Monday, the 6th inst. It is now claimed that the Douglas Democrats lack five of a majority over all other parties in the. Legislature, and great difficulty in electing a United States Senator is anticipated.

There is only $141,000 in the general fund of the State Treasury, which is already more than appropriated to the State's prison purposes, so that the Legislature will encounter pecuniary embarrassment from the Start.

During the late storm snow accumulated to seven feet in depth on the Sierra Nevada, but the obstruction was so rapidly removed that teams to and from the Washoe mines crossed the summits daily.

Throughout the Washoe mining region the snow is now from one to two and a half feet deep. Gilbert A. Grant, a Republican of some prominence, died here suddenly on the 31st ult.

San Francisco was thrown into unusual excitement on New Year's day by the killing of Samuel L. Newell, editor of the late Democratic Signal, of Placer county, by Horace Smith, a lawyer of considerable position in the same county.

Newell is charged with having slandered Smith's wife, which so incensed him that he followed his intended victim to San Francisco, in company with his wife's brother, who is the somewhat noted Judge Hardy. Newell was stabbed several times by Smith, so that he died in a few minutes without making resistance. Smith was formerly Mayor of Sacramento. He has given himself up to the authorities and is now in jail.

Another tragic affair occurred in Sacramento on the same day. A person named Wm. Diernay, who had just returned from the Washoe mines, became suspicious that one John H. Cassiday had seduced his wife during his absence, and at once armed himself to kill her supposed seducer. Meeting Cassiday in the street, he commenced firing at him. The first shot hit Dr. J. R. Boyce, an old and highly respected citizen, inflicting a wound which will probably prove fatal. Diernay continued to fire upon Cassiday, who retreated and escaped unhurt, after being chased a distance of three blocks and being repeatedly fired at by his infuriated assailant. Diernay was arrested and lodged in jail.

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