The mails by the Etna, from Liverpool to the 16th inst., contain some news of interest.
United States. The greatest anxiety is shown on the subject, but the papers generally come to the conclusion that as the North has the power, she will compel the South to keep the peace in the Union. A correspondent of the London Times at Pekin says that the estimate of the property pillaged and destroyed at the Emperor's summer palace exceeds £6,000,000 sterling. Every soldier who was present is replete with the most valuable lot. Domestic articles in pure gold, and gems of great value, are in possession of many of the men. Tenders had been invited by the British Admiralty for the construction of two more iron-cased ships-of-war, of about 4,000 tons each. A company had been formed for the purpose of establishing a permanent camp for volunteers near London. Two thousand huts are to be erected and let at small rents to individual volunteers. A dispatch from Liverpool states that the Duke of Sutherland died at his seat, Lilleshall, on the 14th inst. The London Times' city article of January 17th, says: ‘ The English funds opened with augmented heaviness this morning, but on the receipt of the dispatch one day later from America, showing increased case in the New York money market, where the rate is now the same as on this side, and subsequently the arrival of better quotations from Paris, the market slightly rallied, and closed with a tendency to firmness. In the discount market there has been rather an increased demand, and the general rate still remains about one-quarter per cent, below the Bank. A further sum of 50,000 sovereigns was taken from the Bank to day for transmitting by the next American steamer. It was stated in some quarters that a suspension of cash payments was contemplated. The general letters from Paris yesterday indicate a partial recovery of confidence. The public continued to invest freely in stocks and shares. ’ The London Times says that Miss Nightingale's malady, far from being alleviated, is reported to increase upon her, and her state, which confines her entirely to her apartment, is one of great exhaustion and severe suffering. The total shipment of gold to America amounts to £2,945,000 since November 28. The shipments by the steamer from Liverpool on Saturday are again expected to be large. Count and Countess Montemolin died at Trieste on the 14th inst., within a few hours of each other. Count Montemolin was a son of the Infant Don Carlos, who for many years asserted, arms in hand, his claims to the throne of Spain.
Gaeta was intended as a mark of sympathy to a Prince cruelly treated by destiny, but its stay could not be indefinitely prolonged without its presence constituting an encouragement and material support to Francis II., and the fleet would accordingly be withdrawn.
Rome says that King Francis, in deference to the Emperor Napoleon, accepted without any reserve the proposals of France in reference to the armistice. Prince Carignan, the new Lieutenant of the King, had arrived at Naples. He was saluted on his arrival by the English fleet, and was enthusiastically received by the people. Farini had been appointed Secretary to the private Cabinet of the King. It is reported that, in the event of war between Piedmont and Austria, a French army will occupy Lombardy without declaring war against Austria. The new Councillors of Lieutenancy had been well received in Sicily, and tranquility was re-established in the island. The Pope had dispatched provisions to Gaeta. The reported revision of the concordat with Austria has been denied. Major Merode remains in office. The Sardinians have passed through the province of Rieti on their march against the insurgents. in the Abruzzi. It was asserted at Venice that Francis II, had written to the Emperor of Austria, announcing his firm resolve to defend Gaeta to the utmost.