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Tour of Mr. Lincoln.
more speeches.--no crisis.--the Tariff bill, &c., &c.

At Pittsburg, Pa., on Friday morning, Mr. Lincoln was formally addressed by the Mayor, and replied in the following speech:

‘ I most cordially thank his Honor, Mayor Wilson, and the citizens of Pittsburg generally, for their flattering reception. I am the more grateful because I know that it is not given to me alone, but to the cause I represent, which clearly proves to me their good will, and that sincere feeling is at the bottom of it. (Enthusiastic applause.) And here I may remark, that in every short address I have made to the people, in every crowd through which I have passed of late, some allusion has been made to the present distracted condition of the country. It is natural to expect that I should say something on this subject; but to touch upon it at all would involve an elaborate discussion of a great many questions and circumstances, requiring more time than I can at present command, and would, perhaps, unnecessarily commit me upon matters which have not yet fully developed themselves. (Immense cheering, and cries of ‘"Good,"’ ‘"That's right."’) The condition of the country is an extraordinary one, and fills the mind of every patriot with anxiety. It is my intention to give this subject all the consideration I possibly can before specially defining in regard to it--(cheers)--so that when I do speak it may be as nearly right as possible. (Loud and continued applause.) When I do speak, I hope I may say nothing in opposition to the spirit of the Constitution, contrary to the integrity of the Union, or which will prove inimical to the liberties of the people, or to the peace of the whole country. (Vociferous applause.) And furthermore, when the time arrives for me to speak on this great subject, I hope I may say nothing to disappoint the people generally, throughout the country, especially if the expectation has been based upon anything which I may have heretofore said. (Applause.) Notwithstanding the troubles across the river, (the speaker pointing southwardly across the Monongahela, and smiling,) there is no crisis but an artificial one. (Applause.) What is there now to warrant the condition of affairs presented by our friends over the river? Take even their own views of the questions involved, and there is nothing to justify the course they are pursuing. (A voice, ‘"That's so."’) I repeat, then, there is no crisis excepting such a one as may be gotten up at any time by turbulent men, aided by designing politicians. My advice to them under such circumstances is to keep cool. If the great American people only keep their temper, both sides of the line, the troubles will come to an end, and the question which now distracts the country be settled just as surely as all other difficulties of a like character which have originated in this Government have been adjusted. Let the people on both sides keep their self-possession, and just as other clouds have cleared away, in due time, so will this great nation continue to prosper as heretofore. [Loud applause.] But, fellow- citizens, I have spoken longer on this subject than I intended in the outset. [Cries of ‘ "Go on."’] I shall say no more at present. Fellow-citizens, as this is the first opportunity I have had to address a Pennsylvania assemblage, it seems a fitting time to indulge in a few remarks upon the important question of the tariff — a subject of great magnitude and one attended with many difficulties, owing to the great variety of interests involved. So long as direct taxation for the support of the Government is not resorted to a tariff is necessary. A tariff is to the government what meat is to the family; but this admitted, it still becomes necessary to modify and change its operations according to new interests and new circumstances. So far there is little difference of opinion among politicians; but the question as to how far imposts may be adjusted for the protection of home industry gives rise to numerous views and objections. I must confess I do not understand the subject in all its multiform bearings, but I promise you I will give it my closest attention and endeavor to comprehend it fully. And here I may remark that the Chicago platform contains a plank upon this subject which I think should be regarded as law for the incoming administration. [Immense demonstrations of applause.] In fact, this question, as well as all other subjects embodied in that platform, should not be varied from what we gave the people to understand would be our policy when we obtained their votes. [Continued applause.]

’ The Tariff bill, now before Congress, may not pass at the present session. I confess I do not understand the precise provisions of this bill. I do not know whether it can be passed by the present Congress or not. It may or may not become the law of the land, but if it does, that will be an end of the matter until modifications can be effected, should it be deemed necessary. If it does not pass — and the latest advices I have are to the effect that it is still pending — the next Congress will have to give it their earliest attention. According to my political education, I am inclined to believe that the people in the various portions of the country should have their own views carried out through their representatives in Congress. The consideration of the Tariff bill should be postponed until the next session of the National Legislature. No subject should engage your representatives more closely than that of the tariff. If I have any recommendation to make, it will be that every man who is called upon to serve the people in a representative capacity, should study the whole subject thoroughly, as I intend to do myself — looking to all the varied interests of the common country — so that when the time for action arrives, adequate protection shall be extended to the coal and iron of Pennsylvania, the corn of Illinois, and the reapers of Chicago. Permit me to express the hope that this important subject may receive such consideration at the hands of your representatives that the interests of no part of the country may be overlooked, but that all sections may share in the common benefits of a just and equitable tariff. (Applause.) But I am trespassing upon your patience. (Cries of ‘"No! no! go on."’) Well, listeners, I must bring my remarks to a close. Thanking you, most cordially, for the kind reception you have extended me, I bid you all adieu. (Enthusiastic applause.)

After the delivery of the speech immediate arrangements were made for leaving the hotel, which occupied considerable time in consequence of the density of the crowd. The procession then moved through several streets, the route being shortened owing to the delay.

In a few minutes the special train approached, and the party embarked amidst the shouts and cheers of the excited multitude. e excited multitude.

Cleveland, (O.,) Feb. 15.
Mr. Lincoln and his party left Pittsburg in a smart shower this morning, amid the enthusiastic, plaudits of great numbers, who lined the track for a long distance. At Rochester, Pa., the party got on the Cleveland and Pittsburg road. At Alliance dinner was given the party by Mr. McCullough, the President of the road. A salute was also fired here, smashing the windows of the building where the party stopped, including the one at which Mrs. Lincoln was seated. During the dinner an elegant company of Zouaves stood guard, the band playing national airs. The party arrived at Cleveland at 4.20 P. M., amid the roars of artillery. The military and fire companies made a fine display. The procession moved through the principal streets to the Weddell House. I. H. Masters, the acting Mayor, welcomed the President in behalf of the city authorities, and Judge Andrews did the same in behalf of the citizens. Mr. Lincoln responded briefly, as follows:

Mr. Chairman and fellow-citizens of Cleveland;--We have been marching about two miles through snow, rain and deep mud. The large numbers that have turned out under these circumstances, testify that you are in earnest about something or other. But do I think so meanly of you as to suppose that earnestness is about me personally! I would be doing you injustice to suppose you did.--You have assembled to testify your respect to the Union, the Constitution, and the Laws, and here let me say, that it is with you, the people, to advance the great cause of the Union and the Constitution, and not with any one man. It rests with you alone. This fact is strongly impressed on my mind at present. In a community like this, whose appearance testifies to their intelligence, I am convinced that the cause of liberty and the Union can never be in danger. Frequent allusion is made to the excitement at present existing in our national politics, and it is as well that I should also allude to it here. I think that there is no occasion for any excitement. The crisis, as it is called, is altogether an artificial crisis. In all parts of the nation there are differences of opinion on politics. There are differences of opinion even here. You did not all vote for the person who now addresses you. What is happening now will not hurt those who are farther away from here. Have they not all their rights now as they ever have had? Do they not have their fugitive slaves returned now as ever? Have they not the same Constitution that they have lived under for seventy-odd years? Have they not a position as citizens of this common country — and have we any power to change that position?--(Cries of ‘"No."’) What, then, is the matter with them? Why all this excitement? Why all these complaints? As I said before, this crisis is all artificial ! It has no foundation in facts. It was not argued up, as the saying is, and cannot, therefore, be argued down. Let it alone, and it will go down of itself. (Laughter.) Mr. Lincoln said that they must be content with but a few words from him. He was very much fatigued, and had spoken so frequently that he was already hoarse. He thanked them for the cordial and magnificent

reception they had given him. Not less did he thank them for the votes they gave him last fall, and quite as much he thanked them for the efficient aid they had given the cause which he represented, a cause which he would say was a good one. He had one more word to say. He was given to understand that this reception was tendered not only by his own party supporters, but by men of all parties.--This is as it should be. If Judge Douglas had been elected and had been here on his way to Washington, as I am to-night, the Republicans should have joined his supporters in welcoming him just as his friends have joined with mine to-night. If all do not join now to save the good old ship of the Union this voyage, nobody will have a chance to pilot her on another voyage. He concluded by thanking all present for the devotion they have shown to the cause of the Union.

At the close of the speech, Mr. Lincoln was presented with several splendid bouquets and floral wreaths.

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