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The National crisis.

important Naval movements — Southern States messages in the New York Legislature --"Tell John Andrews."

Important Naval movements.

We have late and highly important news from the Home Squadron. On the 19th of January, the Commander-in-Chief received orders through Colonel Pickens, from Washington, to send immediately to Florida the U. S steam-frigate Powhatan, the Sabine, and the sailing corvette St. Louis. An official survey, and general quarters, superintended by Fing Officer Prendergast, was then held on the Cumberland corvette, and the sailing frigate Sabine at Vera Cruz. A sham battle was soon after improvised at Sacrificios, when the usual routine of action was gone through with. A critical analysis of the condition of the squadron demonstrated the fact that every ship was short of provisions, and that it would be madness to send them on, probably, a hostile mission in such as State. The impression prevailed extensively, therefore, that the vessels would go to Havana or elsewhere, and then ovey the instructions of Mr. Toucey. --Serious dissatisfaction existed among the officers of the Powhatan when her destination became known to them. The Purser, the Third Lieutenant and the First Lieutenant, immediately tendered their resignations; but the Captain, while conditionally accepting them, refused to allow their return in the steamer. The most intense excitement existed in the entire squadron, and it was found necessary to issue an order prohibiting all officers, sailors and marines from conveying political news or naval movements in their letters, as they would be opened and read, hence the false rumors of late.--N. Y. Express.

The messages from Southern States in the N. Y. Legislature.

There was quite a little breeze in the N. Y. Assembly on Friday morning, caused by the receipt of a bath of Executive communications. The Governor transmitted the secession ordinances of Georgia and Alabama, the resolutions of Georgia and Tennessec denouncing the offer of military aid by New York to the General Government, and the resolutions of Massachusetts, Wisconsin and Pennsylvania, tendering aid to the Federal Government to sustain the laws. These were all ordered to be printed and laid on the table.

Governor Morgan then transmitted the following resolution of the General Assembly of Virginia.

Resolved. That the Governor of Virginia return the resolutions of the Legislature of New York to the Executive of that State, with the request that no such resolutions be again sent to this General Assembly.

Passed House of Delegates, Jan. 17, 1861.

Wm. F. Gordon, Jr., C. H. D.

This brought out a sharp discussion, during which the Republicans were partienlarly canstic. The resolution was finally laid on the table, with the order that it should be neither entered on the journal nor printed.

"tell John Andrews."

Extract of a letter from an English gentleman to his friend in Charleston, dated New York, 22d January:

‘ "I was for more than an hour with Governor Andrew, at Boston, and I gave him the full benefit of your letter to me. He at first disputed your point about Fort Sumter being capable of capture. He said he had General Scott's dictum that it would hold out three months, and was inaccessible; that you may fire two hundred shell on one spot, and do it no harm. As to secession, the Governor looks upon it as a mere cover to a reopening of the slave trade; and, as he said, 'straws show how the wind blows,' he noticed that Sprait was the only delegate of your Convention that was cheered. He further said, he wanted to hear that the batteries at Fort Sumter had opened. I further talked with Wendell Phillips, and he would not believe me that any men of means or position took a part in the movement; and was very full of ancedotes of forced loans, exactions, no freedom, &. The tone in the East is not so strong as I expected to have found it. Some certainly want coercion; but many will let you go out, and stay out, if you please. One important point I notice, that, generally, the Democrats here would not famely allow you to be attacked — they are against coercion.".

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