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[from the New York Daily News.]We well remember the excitement in Europe, when the King of Napies, the infamous Bomba, seized a few young men of the first families, and immured them in that State fortress which is the only gloomy thing upon the bright waters of the beautiful Bay of Naples. The military guard, without warning, without accusation, surrounded their houses at the hour of midnight, and they were torn from all the luxurious comforts of splendid homes to be buried alive in the damp of those horrid dungeons in the rock. sunk far beneath the waters of the Mediterranean.--They were suspected of hostility to the Government, and of plotting rebellion. Their offence had this extent; no more. A cry of horror went up from every nation almost in Europe. England remonstrated through the manly appeal of the indignant Gladstone. France raised her voice in denunciation of the outrage; while Republican America shuddered, as she thanked God that no such outrage could ever cast a stain upon her national escutcheon. We professed to know what liberty was worth, and, as we sent cheering words to the regenerators of Italy, we told them ‘"it is worth all your struggles, all your sacrifices, your very blood."’ The vengeance of an oppressed people soon rose to vindicate the race, and to punish their oppressor. All Europe stood aloof, and to-day Naples stands redeemed and disenthralled. The Bourbon is banished from her soil, and she rejoices under the mild reign of a monarch of her own choosing. What American, when he read of that vile act of the infamous Bomba, could have believed that it would ever be imitated with impunity in the land of Washington? And yet, citizens of New York, in a fortress that commands your very harbor, are immured to-day the victims of as gross a tyranny as that exhibited by the former despot of Naples.--That fortress was erected to defend your liberties, and yet, without the shadow of law, it has been made to hide within its stony bosom men whose liberties have been stricken down at a blow by the mailed hand of despotic power. Without accusation, without the form of law, in violation of every constitutional guarantee, these victims of despotism have been torn ruthlessly from their homes. Every effort has been made by their counsel to have access to them, but they have been repelled with the point of the inexorable bayonet. The act of the Neapolitan despot, under the influence of his surroundings. his traditional tendencies, and the limited conceptions of his people, was not half so gross an act of despotism as this foul wrong, done in open day, in what we once loved to call ‘"free, republican America."’ To justify this high-handed violation of the liberty of the subject upon the ground of a political necessity, is an insult to the intelligence of every free-born American citizen.--No lawyer but understands perfectly, that from the peculiar nature of the legislative power in this country, there can be no rightful authorization for it to suspend wholly the securities of persons and property at pleasure, any more than to the Executive. Since the Petition of Right, it is hardly considered warrantable for the British Parliament to establish in a whole country an unlimited reign of martial laws over its entire population. But it is well known and admitted that, under our limited Constitution, to do this may be considered as the breaking up of sound constitutional laws, no less than social order, restoring the reign of the strongest, and making mere physical force the test of right. It is alarming to hear men talking of sanctioning an unlimited power, exercised either by Legislatures, or the Executives, or Courts where all our Governments are of themselves Governments of limitations and checks; and of fixed and known laws, while the people are a race, of all others, and most jealous of encroachments upon their liberties. No tribunal or department in our system of Government ever can, in any emergency, be lawfully authorized to dispense with the laws, like the tyrannical Starts, or to repeal, or abolish, or suspend the whole body of them; or, in other words, to appoint an unrestrained military dictator. Freedom is the fairest gift of Heaven. If such outrages as these are scanned lightly by the people whose liberties are endangered thereby, it may soon come to pass that their sensibilities will become blunted; and in an hour when they look not for it, all their chartered constitutional rights may be swept away at a blow, only to find a military despotism in their place.
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