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Notes of the war.

The Northern papers of Thursday last contain some further notes and comments on the war movements, from which we select the following:

From Missouri.

A Federal dispatch from Cape Girardeau, Mo., Sept. 2d, says:

General Prentiss' little army, which left Ironton some days since, arrived safe at Jackson, ten miles west of here, yesterday morning. No enemy was met. A scout who arrived from Hardee's Confederate camp reports that they immediately commenced retreating on hearing of Prentiss' advance, rapidly moving towards Arkansas with his force of 6,000 men. The enemy are reported to be strongly fortified at Sikestown.

’ The following telegrams in regard to the movements of the Confederate army in Missouri, we give for what they are worth:

Rolla, Mo., Sept. 2.--A gentleman from Springfield reports that Ben. McCulloch, with 5,000 Texas, Louisiana and Arkansas troops, was marching towards Arkansas, and was last heard from at Chelatable Springs, near Mount Vernon. The wounded were being moved from the Springfield hospital and taken Southward.

On Sunday Generals Price, Parsons, Slack and Churchill moved towards Bolivar with a force of ten or twelve thousand Confederates. When last heard from they were marching towards Jefferson city.

Louis, Sept. 3. --Later dates from Lexington confirm the safety of that place, and the withdrawal of the Confederates. There is much disaffection in McCulloch's army. He is now in Arkansas. This is reliable. A party of the Dout County Home Guards were surprised early on Sunday morning at Burnett's Mills, by three hundred and fifty Confederates. Two of the Guards were killed and wounded, and the Confederates also had several killed and wounded.

A dispatch from St. Louis reports that Col. Dohena, of the Indiana Legion, has been court-martialed on the charge of conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman, and sentenced to be dismissed from the service of the United States. The court was presided over by General Pope, and the finding was approved by General Fremont.

Engagement between Gunboats.

Under date of Cairo, September 4th, the Northern papers have the following:

‘ The Federal gunboats Taylor and Lexington had an engagement off Hickman, Kentucky, this afternoon with the Confederate gunboat Yankee and two batteries on the Missouri shore, supported by about 1,500. Confederates, who also fired upon our boats. None of the enemy's shot took effect.

The Taylor and Lexington fired about twenty shots, with what effect is not yet known, and returned to Cairo this evening. On their way up they were fired at with small arms from Columbus and Chalk Bluffs, Kentucky.

Colonel Hicks, of the Illinois Regiment, who was sent to arrange an exchange of prisoners, returned last night from Charleston, Missouri. The Confederates had but three Federal prisoners.

It is reported that the Confederates have fallen back from Sikestown to Madrid. General Grant took command of the post to-day.

The engagement at Hatteras Inlet.

Commodore Stringham, who commanded the Federal fleet at Hatteras, has made his official report. It contains no facts additional to those already published. He concludes by saying:

‘ "I have naught but praise to accord to the officers, seamen and marines, and the officers and soldiers of the army who were present for their gallantry and cheerful devotion to duty and to their Government, the United States of America, which they all cheerfully and heartily serve."

Affairs at fortress Monroe--reports from Richmond.

Fortress Monroe, September 3.--The steamer Geo. Peabody left Old Point for Hatteras Inlet at 4 o'clock P. M., with a large quantity of commissary and ordnance stores.

The gunboat R. B. Forbes was gotten off the beach at Cape Charles night before last, with three feet of water in her hold, and proceeded to Washington this morning for repairs. She would have gone to pieces had not the weather been unusually mild.

The contraband slaves at Old Point now number 1,800 souls, including women and children.

A flag of truce is just down from Norfolk with the crews of the barks Rowena and Glen, schooner Mary Alice and brig Joseph, all captured by the privateer Dixie, with the exception of the Joseph, which was taken by the privateer Savannah.

The captain and mates of the Glen were detained as prisoners at Richmond.

The Captain of the Mary Alice is almost direct from Charleston. He reports that the force there does not exceed 4,000 men, and that they apprehended an attack from the recent naval expedition to the North Carolina coast.

Congressman Ely is still at Richmond, and has to take his turn in cooking and carrying water for the prisoners.

Colonel Corcoran, of the Sixty-ninth New York Regiment, was lately put in irons for several hours, for refusing to answer to his name on the roll.

Butter at Richmond is worth 50 cents per pound, ham 30 cents, and coffee 45 cents per pound.

Captain Darns made a reconnaissance yesterday in the direction of Rock river, and captured two of the mounted ‘"Worth Guards."’

The reported death of President Davis.

The Baltimore Exchange, of Thursday, thus alludes to the last grand sensation canard at the North:

‘ The Washington Star and New York Herald treat their respective publics to a first-rate sensation, in the form of a plausible ‘"confirmation"’ of the rumored death of President Davis--their authority being a contraband from Manassas, whom the Star slyly describes as a ‘"party."’ Another ‘"reliable party"’ is said to have sent a dispatch to the same effect from Louisville; and this spirited enterprise in journalism succeeds, to the extent of disturbing the tranquility of a number of worthy but overcredulous people. But, unfortunately for the life of the story, the Richmond Dispatch of Tuesday has arrived with the proclamation of President Davis calling Congress together that day in the Capitol. This should be conclusive. Does the Herald or Star imagine that if their President and Commander-in-Chief were really dead, the Confederates would publish the important fact to Washington and the Federal camps, by means of half-mast flags?

"a local Secession Directory."

Under this caption the New York Journal of Commerce calls attention to the ‘"grand, gloomy and peculiar"’ doings of the political detectives of New York. They have prepared, it says, a complete black list (with a running commentary of free and easy notes) of all the leading spirits among the secession sympathizers in that city. There are said to be at least seven hundred of such candidates for the Union-saving cells of Fort Lafayette.

Movements of Gen. Rosencranz--a Variety of reports from Washington.

The subjoined paragraphs are from the Washington Star of Wednesday evening last:

‘ This morning the Government received a telegram from General Rosencranz, embracing information that he was then, with a considerable portion of his command, at a point half-way between Bulltown and Flatwoods, on his way to attack Wise and Floyd, or either of them who might be in the vicinity of Summerville or Gauley bridge. He started from Clarksburg (his headquarters) upon this expedition, leaving an ample force to protect the Cheat Mountain pass, in Lee's front.

By this time he has doubtless joined General Cox, and the thus increased Union force is probably up with the enemy, if the latter has not executed another of Wise's favorite and famous ‘"thorough-bred"’ movements (to the rear.)

Yesterday afternoon, between 6 and 7 o'clock, Beauregard threw a considerable force within three-fourths of a mile of General McClellan's pickets in front of the Chain Bridge. The long roll was beaten, and every preparation was made to meet the enemy, not only by our troops in the immediate vicinity, but by all on both sides of the river.

Up to noon to-day we have not heard whether the force thus advanced in that particular quarter remained there or retired.--The movement was evidently, however, a part of Beauregard's plan for a general advance to immediate proximity to our lines.

The city has been full this forenoon of a story to the effect that this morning, between 1 and 2 A. M., Munson's Hill was taken possession of by a body of our troops, after a severe fight with artillery, in which the enemy were routed with great slaughter.

Not a cannon report was heard here or in any of the forts over the river last night, at any hour; nor had the Government in this city heard of any engagement there per telegraph, to-day, up to 2 P. M.

So we need hardly say that Munson's Hill had not been taken by General McClellan up to that hour. How soon he may choose to take it, we know not.

The Navy Department to-day received official information from two points in the Gulf, dated on the 13th ult., from which it is evident that three or four of our vessels of war have reliable information of the position of the privateer Sumter, and have probably by this time closed down upon her, as they were then preparing to do (from different points) immediately.

The Navy Department have information that the prizes taken from the disunionists in the waters of Florida and that immediate region, are being rapidly sunk (filled with stone) in the entrances to various small harbors of that State upon the Gulf side; thus blocking up their navigation. The scheme of thus rendering them unfit to harbor privateers, &c.,

works admirably there, as it will work on the coast of North Carolina.

’ The Star also reports the arrival of another prize — the schooner Admittance, of Baltimore, laden with tobacco — captured below Port Tobacco creek, by the steamer Yankee.

The following order from Gen. Scott appears in the same paper:

‘ The General-in-Chief is happy to announce that the Treasury Department, to meet future payments to the troops, is about to supply, besides coin as heretofore, Treasury notes in fives, tens and twenties, as good as gold at all banks and Government offices throughout the United States, and most convenient for transmission by mail from officers and men to their families at home. Good husbands, fathers, sons, and brothers, serving under the Stars and Stripes, will thus soon have the ready and safe means of relieving an immense amount of suffering which could not be reached with coin.

’ Alluding to the condition of things at Mathias Point; the Star makes the following characteristic statement:

‘ It is undoubtedly true that the enemy is not now in any considerable force at Mathias Point, and that there is a scarcity of powder and an absolute dearth of lead among them there — their missiles to be fired from their small arms being of whatever they can contrive them, except lead, of which they have absolutely none.

’ The Federal papers say there is but one drawback to the results of the naval demonstration upon Hatteras Inlet, and that is, the departure of several privateer steamers from the inlet a few hours before the arrival of the fleet at that point.

The Balloon Experiment.

Since the last ascension of Professor Lowe, when he was fired upon by the Confederates and narrowly escaped fatal results, he has been engaged in perfecting machinery by which the motion of the car can be better regulated, and an ascension made with more safety.

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