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"I perceive well, that in this war, more than any other, whatever resolution people may form to obviate these rumors, they will not fail to make impression, and inspire I know not what discouragement. There are those who, in company, and at the table, command armies, make dispositions, and prescribe all the operations of the campaign. They know better than we where we should encamp, and what posts it is necessary for us to what time, and by what , we ought enter where it is proper to have magazines; from whence, either by sea or land, we are to bring provisions; when we are to fight the enemy, and when lie, . They not only prescribe what is best to do, but for little from their plans, they make it a crime in their counsel, and him before their tribunal. But know, Romans, the effect of this is very prejudicial to your Generals. All have not the resolution and constancy of Fabius, to despise impertinent reports. He could choose rather to suffer the people, upon such unhappy rumor, to invade his authority, than to ruin affairs, in order to preserve their opinion, and an empty same. I am far from believing that Generals stand in no need of advice; I think, on the contrary, that whoever would conduct everything alone, upon his own opinion, and without counsel, shown more presumption than prudence. But some may ask, how then shall we act reasonably? In not suffering may person to obtrude their advice upon your Generals, but such as are, in the first place, versed in the art of war, and have learned from experience what it is to command; and, in the second, who assumption the , who know the enemy, are witnesses in all that , and share with is all the dangers. If there be any one who himself capable of assisting me with his counsels in the war you have charged me with, let him not refuse to do the republican that service, but let him go with me into , ships, horses, , provisions shall all be supplied him at my charge. But if he will not take so much trouble, and prefers the tranquility of the city to the danger and of the field, let him not take upon him to held the helm, and continue idle in the port. The city of itself supplies sufficient matter of discourse on other subjects; but as for these, let him be silent upon them, and know, that we shall pay regard to any counsels, but such as shall be given us in the camp itself."

The Historian adds the following appropriate remarks:

"This discourse of Paulus Emillins, which abounds with reason and good sense, shown that men are the same in all ages of the world. People have a propensity for examining, criticising and the conduct of and do not observe that doing so is a manifest contradiction to reason and justice. What can be more and ridiculous than to see persons, without any knowledge or experience in war, set themselves up for censors of the most able Generals, and pronounce with a magisterial sir upon their For the most experienced can make the judgment without being upon the spot; the least of circumstance place, disposition of the troops, secret orders not divulged, being capable of making an absolute change in the general rules of conduct, But we must not expect, to see a falling reformed which has in source in the and of human nature; and Generals would do wisely, after the example of Paulse to despise there city reports, and opinions of idle people who have nothing else to do, and have generally as little judgment as business

The whole chapter in full of interest.

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