We make up the following summary of Southern news gathered from the latest papers received at this office:
Gleaned from Southern Sources.
The fight at Pensacola — opening of the ball.From the Pensacola Observer, of the 22d and 23d November we extract the following relative to the engagements at that place, which commenced on Friday. The Observer, of the 22d inst., thus announces the beginning of the fight: ‘ At five minutes past ten this morning a heavy and continuous fire commenced at the Forts below. What it is, or on which side it commenced, we are yet unable to say. Up to this writing (1 o'clock) the fire still continues, and we can only opine and hope that the bombardment has opened in good earnest. We shall give the news as fast as we get it. Later.--We learn from a passenger just from the Yard that the fire was opened by Pickens upon the C. S. steamer Time, and was returned by our batteries and forts. The U. S. steam frigate Niagara is trying to cross the bar for the purpose of entering the harbor. The excitement in town is immense. The business houses are closed and the housetops are covered with the excited populace. ’
The firing of Friday--Commencement of the second day's fight.The Observer, of the 23d inst., has the following: ‘ The firing, as we stated yesterday, began from Fort Pickens. The whole of their fire during the morning was directed at the steamer Time, out with very little effect. The Time came up last night, and with the exception of two or three little holes made with rifle shot, she is unhurt. This snows that their guns are of a very inferior quality, or that Brown and his Yahoos were all drunk — very probably the latter. The steamer Nelms was also in the basin with the Time at the beginning of the fire, but her daring captain ran her out during the hottest of it. Only one shot struck her, and that did no damage. The Nelms went over to the main land and found the Florida regiment all right, and learned while there that the rumor of the firing over there the night previous was false. The Nelms in passing Billy's Wilson's batteries gave them a couple of shots, which were harmlessly returned. The United States frigate Niagara tried hard to come in, but the reception was too warm, and she had to back out. The only loss of life that we can hear of was a private of the Louisiana regulars killed, and the w of a Sergeant of the marine corps — both killed by a shell in the yard. A great many shot and shell fell in the yard, but done very little damage to the buildings. Our guns worked well all day, and must have told with terrible effect upon the other side. We think the greatest damage done was to one of their ships, which ventured too near one of our batteries. But the meanest and most contemptible act of theirs was the execution of the threat made some time ago by that prince of hardened scoundrels, Harvey Brown, that he would not respect hospitals. One shot was so well aimed at that building that it went through it, but did no damage. The baseness of this act places this blackguard below the lowest cut throat and vagabond pickpocket of New York. The worst incendiary, the meanest highway robber, or the lowest pirate, could scarcely hold a heart callous enough to commit that act. But Harvey Brown, an officer of the United States Government, can, and has descended so low into the depths of fifth and infamy as to perpetrate this most disgraceful and cowardly act. No one, except he be a brute with the blackest heart could do such thing, and no man with a manly feeling can find one spark of liberality to excuse him for committing such a dish and damnable act. Future historians will damn him for his infamy, and a great and just God will consign him and his whole Government to their proper place for this worse than niggardly act. We would not be surprised to hear that when he awoke this morning he saw written on his wall the interpretation of mene, mene, tekel, upharsin. How the very soul of a gentleman, would shrink at the idea of such a thing being committed in a civilized world. Indeed, are we contending against the fifth, the degraded vagabonds and the scum of the world! At fifteen minutes to eleven, this morning, the fire re-opened and still continues at a very brisk rate. The people are not so much excited as yesterday, and we can see every appearance among our people of a determination to resist to the fast extremity, if need be but every one seems to place an unlimited confidence in our success. We hope now that it will continue until it is settled. Hurrah for the Southern Confederacy, and hurrah for ‘"a little more grape."’ ’
A Desperate Struggle expected — Pensacola Strongly Fortified.The Montgomery Advertiser, of the 24th, says: ‘ For more than six months past the garrisons at Fort Pickens and at Pensacola have faced each other, making preparations for the desperate struggle, which, for aught either knew, might be commenced at any moment; but the suspense is now over. The day so long wished for by our gallant volunteers who have been compelled to pass the summer in comparative inactivity in camp, has arrived, and the strength of the fortifications on each side will very likely be fully tested before either party will acknowledge a defeat. The works which have been erected by the Confederate forces have doubtless been constructed with great skill and care, and we should judge by this time they are in a condition to withstand the combined assaults of the fort and the Yankee fleet. This will be no child's play on either side. It will be no Hatteras or even a Port Royal affair. The Confederate forces are too strongly entrenched to entertain the idea of succumbing to any thing like an equal force. How long the contest will last no one can tell; but when it is announced that there is a cessation of hostilities, we hope to be able to announce that the flag of the Confederate States floats in triumph from the walls of Fort Pickens. ’
Generals in East Tennessee:
Headq'rs R brigade,
Brigadier General Commanding.
G. H. Monsarrat,
Captain Artillery, A. Ass't Adj't General.