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Later from Europe.
arrival of the Canada.

the American question in Europe — intervention of Christian denominations — a body of trained nurses to be sent to Halifax, &c.

Halifax, Jan. 8.
--The steamship Canada, from Liverpool at three o'clock on the afternoon of the 28th, via Queenstown on the 29th of December, arrived here at nine o'clock this (Wednesday) morning.

The dates per the Canada are two days later than those already received.

The Canada brings, about 300 troops, a strong battery of artillery and over 900 tons of military stores.

The Canada has also twelve passengers and $50,000 in specie.

When the Canada left Liverpool a state of suspense prevailed, and the greatest anxiety was felt relative to the advices per the Africa, then due, in response to those from England by the Europe.

The steamer Hibernian was to sail from Liverpool on the 2d of January, with 700 troops, touching at St. Johns, N. B., to land them.

The steamship Africa was to sail from Liverpool on the 4th of January. She would also take a number of troops, landing them at Halifax.

The iron-plated frigate Warrior had got her sails bent. and was to be kept in readiness to leave, pending the solution of the American question.

Great Britain.

Deputations from religious denominations, icluding the Congregational Union, the Baptist Union, and the Baptist Board had an interview on the 27th of December, with Earl Russell, on the subject of the threatened war with America.

The English papers continue to teem with articles on the American question, but as they are mostly confined to speculators, on the eye of solution, it is not essential to give them.

As the nearest precedent yet quoted to the Trent case, the London Times draws attention to the affair of the Dutch brig Hendrie and Aleda, captured by the British in 1777, while she was bound to a neutral port. She had on board five officers for the American army.--The ship and officers were released by the British Admiralty, the Judge ruling that although the officers frankly admitted their positions, yet as they were passengers on a neutral ship, which sailed from a neutral port for another neutral port, the proximate destination of the passengers was entitled to be regarded as an innocent destination, and they were consequently set at liberty.

The London Times claims that this case plainly establishes the principle that between one neutral port and another all persons and things whatever may be legally carried.

Every regiment in the camp at Aldershott had been medically inspected, so that they might be in perfect readiness to embark immediately for Canada.

A body of trained nurses on Miss Florence Nightingale's plan, were to proceed at once to Halifax.

The Army and Navy Gazette says that there is a prospect of a trouble with the Siekha. The batteries of artillery at Bombay, on the point of embarkation to England, were stopped by pressing dispatches from Bengal.

The English funds were flat on the 25th of December, and lower. The heaviness was caused by the tone of the New York journals per the City of Baltimore, which it was argued rendered the prospects of peace less favorable.

The Board of Trade returns for November show a falling off in the exports of eight per cent., as compared with the same months in 1860, almost entirely made by cotton manufacturers. The declined of the eleven months is seven and a half per cent.

In a letter written by the command of the Queen, it is stated that the only consolation she can hope to find in the rest of her life, under her sad and hopeless bereavement, is to endeavor to carry out the wishes and intentions of her beloved husband.


The Paris Moniteur announces the appointment of two Vice Admirals, three Rear Admirals, ten Captains, and forty Lieutenants of men-of-war, and fourteen Captains of frigates.

It was reported that Prussia had made fresh proposals to France in relation to the conclusion of a treaty of commerce between France and the Zotlverien.

The Paris Bourse was that on the 27th of December at 67f. 20 for the rates.

Berlin, Dec. 29.--The Government of Prussia has addressed a dispatch to the Minister of Prussia, at Washington, in reference to the arrest of Messrs. Mason and Slidell, condemning the proceedings of the commander of the San Jacinto.

All the London journals of Tuesday, December 24, publish M. Thouvenel's dispatch, on the late breach of international law, addressed to the representative of France at Washington.

The London Times says:

Mr. Maury, who is so well known to all navigators and to all scientific men, has addressed a long letter to Admiral Roy, containing an apology for the step he has taken of resigning his post at the Washington Observatory, and devoting himself to the cause of his compatriots of the South.

The Duke of Devonshire has allowed himself to be nominated for the vacant Chancellorship of the University of Cambridge.

’ The London Times leading article of Monday, Dec. 23, says:

‘ The French circular on the late breach of international law, addressed to her diplomatic agents abroad, has given great satisfaction to the English people. We are confident that, should the Federal Government prove obstinate in this matter, it will not have one friend left in Europe. The Americans on this side of the Atlantic admit that the precedents and deductions of their own advocates are alike worthless. France not only acquiesces in the justice of our demand, but considers the outrage so flagrant, and, if tolerated, so dangerous as a precedent, that France protests against the act, and considers separation indispensable. This judgment as delivered by so exalted a tribunal, is one from which no arbitrator would take the responsibility of dissenting.

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