England and the South.
[The announcement by Lord John Russell
] that England
will not recognize the Southern Confederacy until it has established its own independence to her satisfaction, puts a quietus to any expectations of aid and encouragement from that quarter.
We have never known but one man in the Southern Confederacy who, at the beginning of this contest, doubled that England
would have to succumb to King Cotton, and that was John B. Floyd
We recollect well Mr. Floyd
's letter on the subject, which was transferred at the time to the Richmond Dispatch
, and not one opinion of which, so far as England
was concerned, did the public endorse.
It turns out, however, that Mr. Floyd
, with his accustomed sagacity, was right, and the rest of us all wrong.
Whilst we have repeatedly warned the community against manifesting any dependence on foreign support, we have never entertained the shadow of a doubt that their interests would ultimately compel both England
to break the blockade.
If the counsels of France
had been followed, it would have been broken before this time Mr. Massey
, an influential member of Parliament, lately stated that the Emperor
of the French
had repeatedly urged the British Government
to that course, but his recommendations had all been declined.
‘"Behold with how little wisdom the world is governed,"’ and never was that truth more strikingly illustrated than in the stupid and stolid indifference of the British Government
to the fates of the South
and of its own manufacturing population.
We need not recapitulate here the ten thousand interests — commercial, manufacturing, and political — which throw their gigantic weight into the scale against the six hundred millions of British money in the North
which might have been confiscated in the event of a war between the United States
and Great Britain
That these interests would direct her course and make her an ally of the South
, was always believed at the North
more firmly and universally than it has ever been in the Southern States
The New York Herald
and the Northern
journals almost without exception have taken it for granted from the start that England
would side with the South
, have accused her of it in every daily issue, and have been endorsed by the evident convictions of their own Government, which has appropriated seven millions of dollars for the fortification of the Northern
So that it cannot be said that the Southern
leaders held out unreasonable expectations to the Southern
people, for these expectations were as widely spread in the North
as the South
But they seem to have been doomed to disappointment.
has managed to convince England
that she can get the cotton without breaking the blockade, and England
has been credulous enough to swallow that story.
Another reason, besides her diversified and self evident interests, gave rise to the belief that Great Britain
would recognize Southern independence.
It was, that, beyond all dispute, English anti-slavery influence has been brought to bear for nearly thirty years upon the domestic institutions of the Southern States
in such a manner as to leave no doubt in reflecting minds that her object was, not to abolish slavery — for her commerce and manufactures were dependent upon its products — but to divide the United States
, on which she was dependent for products essential to her welfare.
Slavery in Brazil
, in Cuba
, in other countries, received no attention from English philanthropists; it was only slavery in America
that excited their horror and aroused their energies.
It was to America
that they sent emissaries, stirring up the smouldering embers of fanaticism in New England
, and urging on that war of aggression upon Southern Rights which has culminated in the present bloody struggle.
It was abolition authors like Mrs. Stowe
, and fugitive negroes from the Southern States
, who were made the companions and pets of the British
All the moral aid and comfort that any nation could give to say cause on the face of the earth was given by Great Britain
to the abolition cause in America
, and never, till the Union
was dissolved, did England
ever discover that there was more than one side to the American slavery question, and that the South
was entitled to be heard at the tribunal of nations.--Since that period, the most intelligent and well written arguments we have ever seen in behalf of Secession have appeared in English journals; the character of the Southern
people has been eloquently defended, and even the institution of slavery, if not openly vindicated, apologized for and presented to the British
public with every extenuating circumstance that human ingenuity could suggest.--A change so wonderful could never have occurred if the public sentiment of Great Britain
, which is generally all-powerful in that kingdom, had not warmly favored a dissolution of the Union
, and a recognition of Southern independence.
If Lord Russell expects to get Southern cotton or Northern capital by this late disclosure of British policy, he only proves to the world that he is in his dotage.
He will get neither.
Why did he not declare the position of England
Why did he suffer both belligerents to remain in doubt till this time of the purposes of the British Government
, and continue to excite hopes in the South
and apprehensions in the North
Let him now get the cotton if he can. If the South
is worthy of independence, she will make a bonfire of the whole rather than permit the North
or Great Britain
to seize a pound of it. Let the South
now show her faith by her works.
Let her plant no more cotton for the benefit of foreign or Northern consumers.
Whatever be the result of this struggle — and if the Southern
people are true to themselves, there can be but one result — England
has lost forever the friendship of the North
, and has thrown away from her that of the South