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From Europe.
additional by the Hibernian.

New York, Feb, 28
--The following additional advices by the Hibernian have been received here:


Great Britain.

In the House of Lords Earl Carnavon said he had received information that no less than three British subjects were conflued in the prisons of the Federal Government, and had lain there for months, and been denied a trial or release unless they took the oath of allegiance. He hoped the Government would take earnest steps in the case at once, and declare what was to be the position of British subjects in the Federal States.

Earl Russell said that Lord Carnavon could hardly have read the papers which had been laid on the table, for if he had he would have seen that these cases had been brought under the notice of the Government Neither had he made allowance for the peculiar state of affairs in the United States, which justifies urgent measures. In England Parliament had given Government, in times of difficulty, authority to arrest persons on suspicion, and it had been frequently done without their being brought to trial.

This Government had complained of the arbitrary manner in which these arrests had been made by the authority of the President, without legislative sanction. He was no disposed to defend the acts of the United States Government. Congress had decided that the prerogative belonged to the President, and if he believed that parties were engaged in treasonable conspiracy, as alleged, he (Lord Russell) did not see how Her Majesty's Government could interfere with a practice absolutely necessary, although it was exercised with unnecessary harshness.

The American Government alleged they had undoubted proof of the complicity of these persons in conspiracies. This, Her Majesty's Government was not in a position to contradict, but they had entered strong remonstrances against the manner in which the arrests were made and the prisoners treated. The case of these persons would be earnestly watched by them.

Earl Maimesbury, in asking for the papers connected with the blockade, complained that the Times had deliberately represented that Earl Derby advocated its being forcibly raised. He approved of the conduct of the Government, and the question was one for them alone to decide, but it was desirable to know what was the real state of the blockade. He expressed doubts of the policy of the declarations of Paris in 1856, and did not believe they would or could be carries out in great wars, when circumstances would be too strong for abstract principles.

Earl Russell said that on the first night he was glad to find that the noble Earl opposite had approved of the conduct of the Government; and the country must feel confidence when all its leading men were agreed. The papers were now being printed. They would be in their Lordships' hands before long, and he hoped they would reserve their opinions till then, considering the importance of the question.

In the House of Commons, on the 10th inst., Mr. C bden gave notice that at an early day he intended to bring under the consideration of the House the state of international and maritime laws as it affects the rights of neutrals.

The London Daily News reviews the engagement at Mill Spring, Kentucky, as a genuine and important Federal success, and thinks if, as it may reasonably hope, that the Federal troops engaged in it may be taken as more tentative specimens of the Union army, as it has become under McClellan, the result of rapid and decisive action cannot be doubted.

The diplomatic correspondence concerning the intervention in Mexico has been laid before Parliament.

The Times, in an editorial article on Burnsides Expedition, says the force engaged is plainly inadequate to the service expected; and if Burnside wishes success, he will entrench himself, establish a good base of operations, and a wait reinforcements before running the risk of penetrating the enemy's country.

Earl Russell in a letter to Sir Charles Wyke touching the rumor that the Archduke Maximilian would be called to the throne of Mexico, says:--If the Mexican people, by a spontaneous movement, place the Austrian Archduke on the throne, there is nothing in the Convention to prevent it; on the other hand, we could be no parties to forcible intervention for this purpose.


Germany.

Berlin, Feb. 13, 1862
--Important events are approaching in Germany.

Sazony having proposed the reconstruction of Germany more strictly as a confederacy, Prussia reputed that she considered the German Confederation as an international and not a Federal part of Prussia, and hinted also that a reform of the Federal Co. situation might be carried out in such a way hat besides the German Union, comprising Austria, a closer Federal Union might be formed between Prussia and such German States as might join her, thereby establishing a kind of political Zoliverein.

Although this was no formal proposal, but a mere suggestion, Austria, Bavaria, Hanover, Saxony, and a majority of the other States, Baden and Coburg excepted, remitted a collective note to Prussia protesting against her views, and announcing their intention to hold a conference for the reorganization of Germany, in accordance with the views of Saxony, and inviting Prussia to join the conference.


Commercial intelligence.

Liverpool, Feb. 14,
--Cotton--The Brokers Circular reports the sales of the week at 54,000 bales, including 17,000 to speculators and 10,000 to exporters. The market closed firmer, and with an upward tendency, but unchanged as to quotations. The sales to-day (Friday) are estimated at 12,000 bales, including 6,000 to speculators and exporters, the market closing firmer but as to prices. The authorized quotations are:

FairMiddling
Orleans14 17
Mobile18½ d12d
Uplands13d12½ d

Stocks in port estimated at 625,000 balan, of which 194,500 are American.


London money market.

London Feb, 14,
--Contents closes at for money,

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