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From the Gulf coast.

our own Correspondent.

progress of the invaders — their probable Designs — measures of defence, &c., &c.

Savannah, Ga., Feb. 28, 1862.
Everything remains quiet in our neighborhood, and no movement has taken place among the blockaders for the past week. Occasionally heavy firing is heard, as last evening, when the reports of heavy ordnance were distinctly heard; but the object has not yet been made known. The Yankees have got their batteries in proper order, and will remain unmolested, as there is no possible way in which they can be attacked with any advantage by the means at our disposal. The unusual length of time consumed by them in what to many would appear as idle and unnecessary delay, has not been badly spent, you may rely upon it. They do not design to attack Savannah until they have strong grounds of hope for a successful issue to the venture. It has also led many to imagine that their failure to advance upon us was owing solely to the impossibility of getting their gunboats through Wall's cut into the river, which is a mistake, as they have already passed the most difficult part of the narrow and shallow passage. The people have taken hope from this unaccountable delay and have surmised a thousand causes for it; besides that already given, they have added that the smallness of the force which General Sherman has at his command has prevented any attempt. The attack will come, and it will be one, you may rest assured, that will demand our utmost exertions to repel. I believe we have every assurance of success, but the eventful moment will make all our united and most strenuous efforts necessary. The manner of proceeding of the attacking force is pretty plain, allowing the same discretion to our foes as we ourselves possess. It is evident that no land force could be brought against the city from the neighboring coast until the gunboats had reasonable hope of being able to reduce the batteries along the river and compelling our troops to retire.

The attack of a flotilla of gunboats without a preconcerted movement of the land force, would also be utterly useless since the shelling out the batteries and the command of the river would advantage them but little, not being able to hold the place. What, then, is their intention in moving so insidiously along the river? I am of the opinion that the Yankees intend to triangulate the river with their batteries until they have completely invested Fort Jackson from both sides of the river. Of course, our supporting batteries, and numerous ones also, are there about, but they will have attained a concentrated fire from batteries on both sides and from their gunboats in the river. Such an attack would be formidable. As I said before, I believe we will drive them back even then, but they must not be allowed to progress thus far. They have now three points on the river, commanding effectually the channel, and the next they will establish on Alvarado Island, and so progress up the river.

On Alvarado Island the fight will have to come off; they cannot be allowed to quietly remain on that place; we must, indeed, precede them and make the attempt at lodgment a bloody trial. The island is marshy, in fact, one extensive rice field, with but low embankments to kick back the tidal flow, but upon it a force of infantry can be able to keep in check any force of the enemy not so numerous as to overpower them. A fair field is what we want and what the Yankees strive to avoid as much as possible. I trust the chance may happen.

In my last letter I spoke of the floating battery, and in my preceding one also of the same subject; the matter has not gone quite dead yet. The authorities of the State are moving about the building, and the Confederate officers hereabouts also are in council on the same. I believe the battery will be built, the best plan submitted being taken. It is a matter of regret that this work had not been started sooner; it would have relieved the present vigorous blockade of Fort Pulaski, and have kept the Yankees in wholesome terror of the iron monster; it can be built now in time with diligence and assiduity on the part of those who will undertake the work. I heard an officer say that thirty days was the limit at which he fixed the attack, and that would suffice for the completion of it. If the scheme of the Yankee General is what I have above outlined, it will be fully thirty days, nay more, before he is ready to attack Fort Jackson.

To-day, the appointed day of fasting, humiliation, and prayer, was generally observed in our churches and our city; nowadays very quiet, was unusually so Next Friday is the day of fasting, humiliation, and prayer, appointed by the Governor. We shall have enough humiliation to do us a long while, I fear, if any more appointments are visited upon us. I would not be profane, or on any account wish our total dependence on Almighty God not to be recognized; nay, publicly acknowledged, but I will merely say that I trust our people are not imitating the Yankees with their grand revivals, in which they periodically acknowledge their dependence on God, which they in the intarius virtually deny. I hope something will be done besides prayer for the good of the Confederacy. God only assists those who help themselves, and if the calls are extended more frequently for humiliations, the men, I fear, will stay at home to pray instead of fighting for the good of the Confederacy.

The bar-rooms of Charleston have been closed by order of the Council. This is a very stern order, and the Courier tells us is concurred in generally. It is a comment upon the city of Charleston and the good order which has always been her boast, that this necessary and wise movement has met no general complaint.

The movement towards repressing the consumption of corn and other grain in the manufacture of whiskey is one that is worthy of the efforts of the best men of our land and the strong arms of our men in power. The frightful extent to which distillation has progressed since this war commenced is beyond perallel. It is sad for the philanthropist to contemplate the misery and the degradation that flow from it. To what cause is this increase owing. Alas! to one, at least, which it is sad, also, to acknowledge — war, and its attendant train of evils; but also, I suppose, to the absence of Northern importation, as well as the greater consumption.

Governor Brown, I understand, seized ten thousand bushels, a few days since, in Central Georgia. That is at least a good exercise of gubernatorial prerogative which not many will question, Mercury.

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Joshua Wall (1)
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February 28th, 1862 AD (1)
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