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Further from the North.

We make some further extracts from papers published under the rule of Lincoln, premising that, while it is impossible to place any confidence in their general statements, it will be interesting to the public to know what they have to say about the progress of the war:

Island Number10.

A correspondent of the St. Louis Republican, writing from Island No.10, on the 9th, says:

‘ The floating battery, formerly the Pelican dock at New Orleans, drifted down to Madrid, and was secured five miles below there. When first seen, it came sweeping down with the current towards the upper battery, and the garrison, supposing an attempt probable to run the blockade, immediately manned their guns. Eight cannon could be counted upon it, all bearing directly at the fort, and when within range the latter opened fire.--Receiving no response, they perceived the battery had been deserted, and ceased. This occurred the evening previous to the evacuation and surrender of the Rebels. Two transports with great difficulty, after several hours, got the battery to shore. It was full of water, the enemy having tried hard to sink it, and dragged the immense anchor attached very easily. The hull is one hundred and eighty feet long and sixty wide, built like that of a large-steamer, decked very strongly, and the guns all mounted along one side and the ends. To counter-balance this great weight was a quantity of heavy ballast on the outer side, and also the ammunition, with the baggage, etc., of the crew. There were several trunks filled with good clothing and articles of private comfort, some revolvers, and one or two rifles, books and bundles of letters.

A most curious feature of the battery was two small engines below in the hold, intended to work a couple of pumps and fill at pleasure the affair with water. There was also, by way of cargo, eighty torpedoes, hundreds of sky-rockets, a couple of electric batteries and coils of submarine cable. The concern seemed only a large specimen from the thousand is of novel, infernal, and useless machines the rebels have favored science with lately.--On the deck a sixty-four lay dismounted, its carriage shivered to pieces by a ball.

Passing Island No.10, the most noticeable token of war's ruin is the steamboats sunken and destroyed. On all sides they lay — some capable of being saved, others, the upper decks only visible. The John Simmonds, a fine Memphis and New Orleans packet, was broken in two. The Admiral had been a hospital boat, and on board were a hundred poor wretches, half dead from disease and neglect. They were kindly cared for, measures for their immediate comfort being taken by Col. Buford. On shore were crowds of sailors and soldiers wandering around among the profusion of ammunition and stores.

Three flags were captured, one of which bore the inscription: ‘"Equal Justice to each new Partner in the new firm."’

On Island No.10 there are five batteries and twenty-two guns, but few tents, and no property, except cannon balls, that can be made valuable. The island was abandoned by all but gunners a week since.

There is now excellent opportunity to notice and hear of the effects produced by huge mortar shells. Holes, as if animals had burrowed, are visible where the missiles fell without exploding, and large trees are broken like twigs. Where the fuse proved true, and they did burst, their destructive properties are apparent — timber for a hundred yards around bearing scars, and hollows being scooped out of the earth. Yet, from the great precautions taken by the enemy, only three men were killed, although the prisoners tell of many narrow escapes.

Once, while a group of officers were sitting at dinner, one of the great shells fell suddenly among them, crashing through the table. All scattered and got safely away before it exploded. Another struck on the floating battery, dismounted a gun, and burst, but all on board were at the moment down below. The rebels regarded their huge visitors as curiosities, and fragments were found put away in many tents, carefully labelled. It now becomes a question how to dispose of the prisoners, and every exertion is being made to ship them immediately to St. Louis, where they will arrive before many days.

The officers are in unusually good spirits this evening — state that they have been long wishing to go North for their health, and are glad of the opportunity. If feeling sorry for the late result, their thoughts are admirably disguised. They state that when the Confederate Government decided to make a stand at No. 10, it was thought that Beauregard, at Corinth, would be victorious in time to reinforce the former position.

The War in Arkansas.

St. Louis, April 14.
--The correspondent of the Missouri Democrat, writing from Houston, Mo. under date of April 9th, says:

‘ "The whole Confederate force in the late Pea Ridge battle have gone east down the Arkansas river. A little over a week ago they passed through Clarksville, sixty miles east of Van-Buren. At that point a force of two thousand cavalry was said to have taken the road North, towards Huntsville.

It is impossible to learn the destination of these troops, but it is most probable that they were bound for some point on the Mississippi river, near Jacksonport, Ark.

It is also reported that the rebels at Pocahontas have orders, on the appearance of a Union force, to retreat to Jacksonport. Gen. Price and the Missouri State Guard were left at Van-Buren.

Col. Wood, who is in command of the U. States forces in Houston, is kept busy watching the enemy, and keeps them lack in Arkansas. A week ago two of the rebel leaders, Coleman and McFarland, quarrelled and separated, not agreeing on a policy, but it is now ascertained that General McBride has succeeded them in the command of all their forces.

He has been reinforced by 6,000 men from Pocahontas, and intends a raid from Houston to Rolla, but he will find the Union troops ready to receive him. We have almost daily communication with and information from the rebel camp. Last week they had a grand muster, the people of the whole country turning out, but only three men volunteering.

Rebel Captain and a mail taken.

Baltimore, April 14.
--The United States steamer Hercules, Thomas S. Dungan, Lieutenant Commanding, reached this port this morning, having with her the schooner Bride, previously reported as being captured, and the sloops Wren and Velma, both of Great Wicomico river, Western Shore of Virginia, also captured prizes.

The Hercules left this port a short time since, towing down the light ship which had been previously fitted up for the tail of the Horseshoe. After this Lieutenant Dungan cruised in the vicinity of Smith's Island, and succeeded in capturing the schooners Whig and Bride. He then placed on board of the latter Lieut. J. G. Baker, with an armed crew, who, on Friday night, observed in Cager's Straits, off Hog Island light, the sloop Wren.

After a chase of two hours, she was run ashore at Shark's Point by the crew, who escaped. The sloop was immediately boarded, but no goods or cargo of any description were found in her. In the stove were found the remnants of certain papers which had been partially burned. Among them was a permit or licence to trade, signed by the clerk of Northumberland county, Va. The Hercules, with her new consorts, then cruised around, and on Sunday a tail was noticed about six miles off, steering directly for the steamer, which at the moment was anchored. The steamer immediately got under way, and proceeded towards the vessel, the captain of which, on perceiving the Hercules, changed his course and endeavored to effect his escape.

After a chase of half an hour the Hercules came up to the vessel, which proved to be the sloop Velma, having on her stern the name of Bridgetown, though she hailed from the Great Wicomico river, Western Virginia.--Possession was taken, with the Captain, Samuel D. Langford, of Great Annamessix, and the crew, with five passengers from Richmond, one of whom was a captain in the rebel army. On searching the Velma there was found a large mail, containing about two hundred letters, a large number of which were addressed to persons in Baltimore, and a large number to persons in various parts of Maryland.

On searching the crew there was also found two thousand dollars in old Virginia bank notes. The Velma had some time previously been cleared from this port for Pocomoke Sound, with a cargo consisting of provisions of various kinds. This cargo, instead of being discharged in Maryland ports, was taken over to Great Wicomico river, and there discharged within the boundaries of Virginia. The sloop was in ballast, and was coming back to get a new cargo. The Rebel captain, previous to being captured, burned his commission in the fire, remnants of which being found in the ashes, he acknowledged the fact, and also that he had been engaged in the battle of Manassas. Langford, the captain, is part owner of the vessel, and has been engaged in the contraband trade for five months.

The passengers and crew were all, together with those captured by the Reliance, given in charge of Colonel Thomas, at Fort McHenry. The following is a list of passengers on board the Velma:

John G. Little, of New York; Joseph C. Wilson, late merchant of Baltimore; John Starkey, late of the house of T. T. Martin, of Baltimore, and George McCafferty, of Baltimore, and H. A. Brooke, son of Prof. N. C. Brooke, of Baltimore, a captain in the rebel army.

The crew are Captain Samuel D. Langford, Robert H. Creswell, Samuel Somers, and W. J. Whittington.

Baltimore, April 14.--The passengers taken on board the Velma were subsequently taken before the United States Marshal, and, strange to say, have all been released. Some of them profess that they were ignorant of the character of the vessel.

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