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Proceedings of the Federal Congress on the "Nigger" question.
the Confiscation bill. Passed.

Washington, May 26, 1862.
Mr. Henderson, (Union,) of Mo., presented a memorial from the citizens of Southwest Missouri, asking protection from guerrilla bands.

Mr. Wilson, of Maria, from the Military Committee, reported back the the acceptance of 200,000 more troops.

Mr. Sumner, (rep.,) of that the Secretary of War be requested to communicate to the Senate copies of any instructions to Generals, in of the of August, 12th, the slaves employed against the United States by their masters also, to inform the Senate whether any stops have been taken to make that slain to effective, Said over.

Also a resolution, that in the prosecution of the present war for the suppression of the present wicked rebellion, the time has come for the Government of the United States to appeal to the loyalty of the whole people everywhere, especially to the rebel and class, to make their loyalty manifest by country to fight or later for the rebels, and also to render every had stand in their of the Constitution and Government, according to ability by arms, or in any way, and, since protection and allegiance are duty of the Government of the United States to maintain, all such people in their rights as men, according to the principles of the Generation of Independence, Land over.

Mr. introduced a bill to relieve the National Government from all obligation, to support slavery, all responsibility for it under the Constitution. The bill between the Government and the States. First--All acts of Congress, or of acts, providing for the rendition of persons escaping from service or And there shall be neither slavery nor involuntary except for crime in any territory forts dockyards, arsenals, vessels on the high seas and all places where the National Government has supreme jurisdiction and all slaves row held or attempted to be held in these places are declared free.

Mr. Foster, (rep.,) of presented the credentials of Hon. James Dixon, re- elected Senator from Connecticut.

Mr. Howe, (rep.,) of Wis., introduced a bill to aid in restoring order and preserve the public peace within insurrectionary districts. He referred to the answer of the Mayor of New Orleans to Captain Farraguti, and of the Mayor of Norfolk to General Wool, and to various letters, showing a lack of Union feeling at the South, and treason swaggers everywhere, and their armies recruited by decrepit old men, unchristian ministers and malignant women. Treason should where it can no longer fight and loyalty implores where it ought to command. The bill was referred.

Mr. Davis, (Union,) of Kentucky, referred to Gen. Hunter's proclamation, and to the sad policy of weakening Gen. Banks so as to leave him to be whipped by the rebels, and said he believed Secretary Staunton took charge of the armies.

Mr. Wilson, (rep.,) of West., said the President was entirely responsible for these orders for the arrest of Gen. McDowell's progress towards Richmond, and for the withdrawal of troops General Banks. It was done by the President, and the approval of the Secretary of War and several Generals and military men. The President gave a written order that a certain number of men should be left for the defence of Washington, which should be agreed on by the commanders of the different army corps. Twenty thousand of McDowell's men were retained, and the men withdrawn from Gen. Banks in anticipation of just such a movements as has just taken place. These movements were directed by the President, and he is entirely responsible.

Mr. Trumbull, (rep.,) of said he should like to ask if it was not at the repeated and urgent request of Gen. McClellan that the troops be sent to him.

Mr. Wilson said he understood that Gen. McClellan was very desirous of having been forces, and the President sent report of Gen. McDowell's forces, about one-third, under Gen. Franklin, to Gen. McClellan, He (Mr. Wilson) thought the events of yesterday completely vindicates the President for reserving McDowell's force.

Pending the motion the Senate adjourned.

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