From the north.
We continue our extracts from Northern papers of the 25th.
The correspondent of the New York Times
says, writing June 19th:
On our side everything has been perfectly quiet.
I met three or four of our companies of Engineers going out with axes and spades to construct two or three small corduroy passages for artillery, and at one or two points saw men at work completing breastworks.
But all our preparations are substantially done.
And if there is further delay it will be due to some other cause than that which has done duty thus far, that we were not ‘"quite ready."’
I have expressed the opinion that McClellan
will commence the attack within three days at fathest.
I may come to-morrow, and cannot well be delayed beyond Monday.
At the same time I am bound, in justice, to give you the other side of the story.
It is quite possible that McClellan may be awaiting the co-operation of Burnside.
Mansfield and the gunboats on the James River. I throw this out merely as a conjecture.
But Burnside came here to headquarters last week, then went to Washington, and then returned to his command.
Mansfield was simultaneously sent to Suffolk with a strong force, (I state only what has been announced in the Richmond papers,) and certain ugly customers have gone up the James River.
If the obstructions, including.
Fort Darling, can be so removed as to permit the passage of our gunboats up the river, the surrender of Richmond becomes a question of hours only. Considering McClellan's well known inclination to save life, his utter abnegation of himself in his desire to serve the cause, his rather inexplicable delays here for the last few days, and other circumstances to which I have referred, I am half inclined to suspect that he means to post pone a direct attack until he hears the echo of the guns at Fort Darling.
You may remember a note acknowledging the important service rendered by our officers who succeeded in opening communication with the James River.
For two or three days now the rebels have made a dence of a row with the drum every morning.
At a very early hour we can hear tattoo in their camp, with the words of command, &c. It they intended to attack as, they would not thus give us notice.
If they intended to evacuate, they would cloak their design with precisely such demonstrations.
Their ostentatious firing to-day reminds one very much of the similar performance the day before they left Yorktown. Gen. McClellan on Wednesday said he had lain awake all the morning listening to their tattoo, and wondering whether it did not mean ‘"skedaddle."’ He may advance to-morrow in order to ascertain.
- 3. Mr. Robinson, in the letter given above, says that ‘"both armies are entreaching."’ This is true.
The rebels have put up some very formidable earthworks during the last three weeks; and our side has at least kept pace with them.
They dig to prevent our advance.
We dig to make sure that, if checked, we need not retreat.
I do not think that this proceeding warrants Mr. Robinson's inference that there will be no fighting for some time.
There may not be, and then again there may.! When there is any it will be severe; and on our part will be mainly a battle of artillery. You will probably hear of sixty pieces being massed in a single field.
I do not believe the rebels have anything which can withstand it.
Affairs at headquarters are perfectly quiet.
, who has been quite ill, is now recovered and in perfect health.
, Chief of Artillery
, who has been anxious about the weather, is perfectly satisfied with the existing state of things.
He looks as if his
part of the preparatory work had been done.
You will probably publish this letter Tuesday morning. In my opinion you will receive news by telegraph before that time that a battle has been fought, and that Richmond
has been taken, or else that it has note.
The correspondent of the Philadelphia Inquirer
, writing on the 23d, says:
The Excitement of Yerebels near New Bridge.
For several days the Rebels
, opposite here, have been execssively jubilant about something.
A brass band played early in the morning, during the day, and sometimes very late, even into the wee small hours of the night.
We knew there was some cause for it. We knew they were not yet evacuating, for, from the balloon, we could look down upon them in the open fields and find no change had come over the spirit of their dreams, and that they still expected to hold their ground before Richmond
until we attacked them, but gradually we found out what was going on.
In the woods above Lowis's Hill, last Friday, we heard a report of a heavy gun, a whizz grew louder and louder, and an explosion a mile in the rear of where our Sibley
was pitched, enabled us to came to the conclusion that ye Rebels had been mounting heavy guns within range of our tenpound Parrotts.
The band was a mere piece of braggadocio, to get the men to work with a feeling of security.
They knew our guns could prevent them, were we so disposed, so they put on as hold a front as possible, and succeeded.
They have felled the woods around the guns, and in front have formed an abattis by falling the trees crosswise.
One of the guns fired is the siege gun we left on the hill, near the Stone Bridge
; one is a 32 pound Parrott
gun; and, strange to say, Secesh has really made an improvement in the shape of casting the shot and shell; at least, our artillery officers here say it is an improvement.
They make the base of the shell hollow, like the bottom of a wine bottle, but the rim runs out thin, instead of being blunt.--They have an English gun, firing 42 pound shell, similar to those at Yorktown
They have also a number of 10 pound Parrott
guns, but they generally make miserable firing.
Another "Yankee Device."
While Professor Lowe
had one of his balloons up the other day, they opened on him, and the first shot passed between the ropes; the next fell within a hundred yards of where the detail of men were holding the guy ropes, but did not explode; he made a descent, and reporting the location of matters, anchored his balloon in a ravine.
Not to be out done, the Professor
soon had a quantity of shovels and spades brought, and in a short time he had a sufficient number of bomb proofs thrown up; from which the men could operate the ropes in safety.--He thinks he is perfectly secure in the ear of the balloon, when up, at any height, as they must fire at a great elevation to hit him, and the chances are a hundred to one in favor of missing both the car and balloon.
Gaines's House not Entirely safe yet.
We thought that Dr. Gaines
's house was safe when he remained there with his family and the rebels were aware of it, but it seems they have no regard for anything.
While the old Doctor
was talking his treason the other day, bang went a cannon, and the next moment the whizz and a crash was heard, as a tree-top fell in his lawn.
‘"Well, now, that's too bad," ’ he exelaimed, and going in a great hurry to the house, got his wife and children, and with his valuables, went down into the cellar, where he remained as long as the robels continued to fire.
None of the other shots struck as near, however; but what a position for the proud, haughty, and defiant traitor!
There will not be much wheat harvested this summer in this region.
What is untouched by the army, hands cannot be found to cut. Women are, in most instanees, at work gathering the crop, which seems to be the only hope of subsistence the coming winter.
Arrival of Philanthropists.
Mrs. Senator Harlan
) and Mrs. Senator Wilkinson
) are here on a mission of humanity, to learn the wants of our sick and wounded soldiers.
During the last few days about two hundred Sisters
of Charity have come up as nurses, but they are stationed at White House
now has three balloons inflated and making ascensions at all hours of day and night.
‘"The Union"’ floats over Mechaniesville, ‘"The Intrepid"’ over New Bridge
, and ‘"The Constitution"’ over the left wing.
No movement can be made by the rebels, when there is a calm or the air is free from fog; but it is instantly reported to headquarters.
"the Inquirer" in Camp.
We get the Inquirer
every morning, as egular as the morning comes.
Monday's paper we get on Wednesday morning, and so on. The Inquirer
and New York Herald
are the only two papers to be had; we do not know how many come altogether.
The roads, have become quite dusty and the movement of an army train will cause as much of a cloud of dust as though a thousand hurricanes were at work.
To be in camp near a road is to live in dirt.
The effect upon the men, when they have to march, is very severe.
The Strength of the rebel army before Richmond.
It is believed by those who have a good chance to know that the rebels cannot to-day raise out of the army in front of Richmond
sixty thousand men on whom they can rely, to make a charge upon us, or to stand one from us. They have over a hundred thousand on their rells, but the sick, disaffeeted, and militia number nearly fifty per cent of the whole.
They have all their best men in front now, and should we break through their lines, the militia in the rear would only make confusion worse confounded.
The story about their having 200,000 men is untrue, and only calenlated to dishearten our men, and encourage the rebel cause.
A rebel Lie.
The Richmond Dispatch
, of the 21st, contains a dispatch from Montgomery, Ala.
, stating that Beauregard
was on his way to Richmond
This dispatch is believed to be bogus by Gen. McClellan
Just as I am writing, Gen. Stockham
and his attendants are being photographed by an operator who accompanies the army.
The General is laying back cosily, holding in one hand a dispatch, which an orderly is about to receive.
On his right is Capt. Alexander
and Lieut. Sumner
, son of the General
who distinguished himself at Fair Oaks
; on the ground lays a negro, with a dog lying at his feet.
Surrounding them are a few spectators, engerly scanning the movements of the artist superintending the interesting performance.
The picture, is bad!
Another must be taken.
arrives. The next group includes himself and Mr. Michey
, the proprietor of the house
upon whose lawn the picture is being taken.
Thus we go. In the midst of Gos grand struggle for the preservation of the nation, there are times when all forget the ‘"pomp and pride and circumstance of war"’ to rend a memento on to that home they all look forward to with so much anxiety.
Yesterday the enemy were reposing quietly on their arms.
The day was somewhat up in the Fahreaheit scale, and the two contending armies were broiling in the sun — sweating under arms before Richmond
Our Commander in-Chief
His well-known face was soon telegraphed from one to another, and, as usual, there came forth from their lusty throats long, loud and deep cheer after cheer, at his appearance.
He could not conceal his identity.
Hearing these demonstrations of welcome so near their pickets, the enemy opened on our forces.
During this duel Gen. McClellan
ascended a large oak tree, and beheld the movements of the enemy.
It required much daring, much coolness, and a respectable amount of indomitable will, to face the fire of the batteries now playing upon our lines; but to ascend a tree, and draw their fire, is something not intended to be on the programme.
A New York Brigade.
A new brigade, the ‘"Empire,"’ is being raised in New York.
Hon. Francis B. Spinola
, who has received power from the proper authorities to raise a full brigade to serve during the war, formaily opened his headquarters at No. 341 Falton street, yesterday afternoon.
A hickory pole, with the Stars and Stripes nailed to the top, was raised in the City Hall Park
, between which and headquarters is suspended across Fulton street a large banner, upon which, on either side, is painted Spinola
's Empire Brigade, and in the centre almost a life-size equestrian representation of the Senator
as he will appear when at the head of his command in the field.
Several thousand people assisted at the opening ceremonies, and impromptu speeches were made by ExCouncilman Wild.
of New York, Ex-Alderman Douglass
, of the Tenth Ward, and Gen. Spinola
.--The proceedings were intersprsed with music, and the affair created quite a sensation.
A correspondent of the Philadelphia Inquirer
, writing from-Fair June 21st, says:
Capt. W. J. Gary
, of Averell
's 3d Pennsylvania Cavalry, took with him four men and penetrated into the enemy's country, and secured some valuable information, which we are not at liberty to give.
He secured a colored man who has been in the habit of carrying marketing to Richmond
He belongs to Dr. Poindexter
, who is now within our lines, having taken the oath of allegiance.
The slave had been hired by a rank Secessionist by the name of Garthington, who left his farm in charge of this servant and fled to Richmond
with his family.
Garthington got the negro a pass, approved by the Provost Marshal
, Gen. Winder
The man has been for some time past obeying the instructions of Mr. Garthington
, and was allowed to pass and repass into Richmond
whenever he so desired, until yesterday, when it was expected among the rebels a battle would take place, the rebels believing we were going to attack them.
After this no one will be allowed to pass in and out of Richmond
without a pass renewed every day, or a daily pass.
The colored man was taken to headquarters.
The information derived from him is of the utmost importance.
The people of Richmond
are hardpressed for food.
Coffee and salt cannot be had; sugar 75 cents per pound, and scarce at that.
No marketing is coming into town.
All the large stores are sold out and closed up. The darkey, in passing through our camp, asked if our soldiers were not all gentlemen, as they were so well dressed.
About 4 o'clock this morning the enemy amused our soldiers with a few shot and shell, without doing any material damage.
Our troops are sadly in need of anti-scorbuties.
There are a great many cheap little articles of diet the philanthropic might send down, which would add materially to the comfort of the poor fellows in this hot and dusty country.
We are all aniously looking forward to the great event of getting into Richmond
We are within sight of it. Our pickets get nearer and nearer to it every day. It's a choice morcean, and we want it.