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The battle of Saturday.

Fall Particulars up to Monday Afternoon.

The Northern press continue to receive letters from the army of the Potomac, but what they relate is not very clear or satisfactory. A correspondent of the Philadelphia Press, writing from Fortress Monroe on Monday afternoon, says:

‘ The affair of Saturday last partook more of the nature of a battle than the engagements of Thursday or Friday. Gen. Fitz John Porter has covered himself with glory. He selected a very strong position, and, having posted his forces in an admirable manner, was prepared to hold it against any force of the enemy. The brave men of his command all fought with heroic courage, and the volunteers vied with Gen Sykes's regulate in making steady movements, and carefully executing the commands of their officers. Time and again vast hordes of rebels moved up in solid columns upon our troops, but our regular batteries as often mowed them down in a most destructive manner. Steady discharges of shell, grape, and canister, in regular salvos, seemed to sweep down whole companies.

As soon as confusion in the rebel ranks was apparent, Gen. Porter ordered Gen. Meagher's Irish brigade to charge bayonets, which they did in the most gallant and heroic style, bareheaded; in their shirt sleeves, occasionally with these rolled up.--This charge had an excellent effect. The rebels were driven back with great slaughter, and Gen. Porter was preparing to move upon them over the piles of the rebel dead and dying, when the enemy again advanced steadily, strongly reinforced.

Now the Pennsylvanians gave them the benefit of all their splendid rifles, while the batteries played upon them as before, creating sad havoc. Indeed, the slaughter upon other fields during this war has never been anything to compare to this.--The rebels staggered under their losses, and our forces were advancing steadily upon them, driving them back at every point, when a staff officer rode up with an order from the Commander-in-Chief to General Porter, directing him to fall back with his command, and cross the Chickahominy.

The order was executed in fine style, and our troops did not miss a man, the enemy being too severely punished to follow us closely. The only difficulty was with the Pennsylvania Reserves and Meagher's Irishmen--their commanders exerting all their powers to induce these brave men to cease firing. They saw the advantages gained by hard fighting, and they were anxious to follow up the success.

General Porter thought he would be reinforced, and be ordered to advance upon Richmond forthwith, but it was not so designed, and he fall back, as ordered, promptly.

Four trains of cars, loaded with forage, were ordered to Dispatch on Saturday, but meeting the enemy's pickets on the road, the trains were backed down near the White House, the cars were burned, and the four locomotives were blown up. This was a great loss, but it was enhanced by the destruction of stores, &c., at the White House--everything there being in flames. Elegant ambulances and loaded baggage wagons were rolled down to the river bank, and there being no time to burn them, they were cast into the river.

I embarked with many others on board of the John Brooks, but owing to the fact that our vessel was too large to move down the river in safety at night we dropped anchor in sight of White House Point. The houses burned on all night, and the scene presented was one of the grandest I ever beheld. The rebels were not in eight on Sunday morning when we moved down the river. The gunboats dropped down with us some miles, and anchored under a bluff, so as to allow the rebels a chance to come as far east as they chose.

A boat sent up to communicate with Gen. McClellan by way of James river was fired on recently by a rebel field battery.

A portion of Gen. Stoneunan's command was ordered to Yorktown and Williamsburg to guard the telegraph wires and open direct communication with Gen. McClellan.

Arrangements are perfecting under the direction of officers of high standing here, to convey a full supply of stores to Gen. McClellan's army, but by what means I am not at liberty to publish.

A single sutler in the vicinity of White House had property to the amount of $10,000 destroyed on Saturday.

Another account.

The following is from the New York Tribune:

Fortress Monroe, Monday, June 30. --During last night a large number of steamers, tow-boats, and sail craft, arrived from York river. An immense fleet is still behind — in all not less than 500 sail. There was a prize for which the rebels struck at the White House, and which eluded them completely. Probably not to exceed $100,000 worth of property was destroyed to prevent its falling into the enemy's hands, consisting of whiskey, pork, corn, locomotives, and a small number of arms.

Quartermaster Ingalls, who arrived at 5 P. M. yesterday, left during the night to go up the James river. This morning information has been received that the gunboats have established communication with McClellan's left wing, so that all uneasiness relative to the new base is at an end.

As yet we are without particulars of the operations of the army for nearly four days, further than that a dispatch from a high source acknowledges that the change of line had been attended with ‘"a serious reverse."’ Of what took place on Saturday we have absolutely not a word. The best informed are, however, not without apprehensions, and await tidings with no little anxiety. Others take a hopeful and more confident view, from the last that the change of line by McClellan, though with some serious consequences to himself, has divided the enemy by placing some 30,000 on the left bank of the Chickahominy, with the bridges destroyed, and no means of obtaining supplies. What his theory is encouraging, it is not to and any, great degree of confidence, on place the rebels have unquestionably been recently reinforced.

We have no tidings of what was McClellan's loss though where is some ...

he has succeeded, but they can be traced to no trustworthy source.

Later--The armed naval tug Dragon arrived from the upper waters of James river about midday to-day, with dispatches from Flag-Officer Goldsborough, who immediately consulted with Gen. Dix. Their tenor is understood to be that Gen. McClellan's right was attacked with great impetuosity by Stonewall Jackson, whose men, with almost inconceivable courage, successfully charged our artillery, sustaining a loss in the exploit of probably not less than 5,000 men. Our loss was very severe. It was reported, that Jackson was killed; that one of our Brigadier. Generals was taken prisoner, together with an entire regiment. General Fitz John Porter, sorely pressed, crossed to the right, or western side of the Chickahominy, the enemy taking the left. On his left McClellan, with much severe fighting, had penetrated and passed through White Oak Swamp, to a secure and advantageous position, and had subsequently cut through a line of communication with the James river. It is reported that, during the two days fighting, McClellan's loss was 10,000. Under this head we have no particulars whatever. Col. Alexander had come through to James river to select, the new base and Turkey Bend had been decided on. This is not far from thirty miles from Richmond, and some ten miles above City Point.

The most prominent and important feature covered by the report is that McClellan has succeeded in penetrating White Oak swamp, and in placing a very large force on the other side of it. While this must have advanced a heavy body of his boat troops to within four miles of Richmond. It was ... of the last Intelligence McClellan

When the Dragon left the wounded had commenced arriving on the banks of the James river. Several hundred had already congregated opposite City Point, where there was no preparation to receive or care for them. The gunboats, Stopping Stone was then taking on a load to Old Point.

A new rumor in every night, but I forbear to repeat any of the great number from. I have embodied only what seems to be beat --Telegraphic communication beyond Yorktown is out off, and the officials permit outside the official dispatches for the North of on upon the wires.

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