From the North.We continue our extracts from Northern papers of the 18th. In Albany, New York, on Monday after the reception of the reports of Sunday's battle bonfires. illuminations, and bell ringing were the order of the night. In the day, business was suspended and the people congregated in the streets as on a holiday.
Particulars of the surrender of Harper's Ferry.A correspondent of the New York Times, who escaped from Harper's Ferry under cover of night, and who witnessed the engagements from the beginning to the end, and left Tuesday morning at 2 o'clock, says: ‘ Skirmishing commenced on Maryland Heights Thursday afternoon, continuing three hours. The battle was renewed again on Friday morning at daybreak. Our forces held their ground until about noon, when, being flanked on the left, they were compelled to fall back to the large guns. Not long after, these were spiked, and the whole command retreated down the mountain. On Sunday, the enemy commenced a fierce cannonading from the Maryland and London Heights, which were replied to by our own. It continued until sunset, our guns holding their own in fine style. During Sunday night the rebels planted more guns, and in the morning opened in all directions on our forces, drawn up in line of battle on Bolivar Heights. It was useless to contend against such overwhelming odds, being surrounded by one hundred thousand men, and seven different batteries firing upon us. The white flag was raised at 20 minutes past 7. But a few moments later, Col. Miles was struck by a piece of shell, which carried away his left thigh. ‘"My God ! I am hit"’ he exclaimed, and fell into the arms of his aide-de-camp. ’ The terms of capitulation were remarkably liberal, the officers being allowed to go paroled with side-arms and private property, and the privates everything save equipments and guns. The commands which surrendered were:
|Col. Downye, 3d Maryl'd Home Brigade||600|
|Col. Malsby, 1st Maryl'd Home Brigade||900|
|115th New York||1,000|
|125th New York||1,000|
|39th New York||530|
|141st New York||1,000|
|125th New York||1,000|
|12th New York S. M||600|
|15th in diana||143|
|Phillip's N. Y. Bat'y||120|
|Officers connected with Headquarters and Commissary Dep't.||50|
The Loyalty of Maryland.The Washington Republican, commanding on the ‘"loyalty"’ of Maryland with reference to the recent march of the Confederate army into that State, says: ‘ The recent raid into Maryland, so far as it has developed the political opinions of the population, has confirmed the correctness of the opinion, which we have expressed several times during the past few months, that a majority of it is reliably loyal. That two-thirds of it is so, is claimed by the best informed Union men in the State, and we believe that the claim is well founded. There are, to be sure, portions of Maryland where the people are en masse against the national cause, as in Saint Mary's, but it is those portions of the State where slaves are numerous and the white population small. The voting and fighting strength of the State is in Baltimore and the northern counties, whose attachment to the Union cannon be shaken. There is very little in them, of what a recent manifesto of the Missouri conspirators well calls the ‘ "indissoluble tie"’ of slavery, to attract them to the Southern Confederacy. It is that ‘"tie,"’ and no other, which ever could have been appealed to to persuade Maryland into rebellion. The ties of commerce are all the other way, and so are the ties of blood, as an overwhelming majority of the emigrants from Maryland are now settled in the free States, while an equally great majority of the immigrants into Maryland are from the North. It is a Northern State in all respects, save the single one of slavery, and in the most important portions of it that institution never had much real strength. It is daily losing its power everywhere throughout the State, not merely by the diminishing number of slaves, but still more by their diminishing value. Property is one of the greatest of the social forces, and when this war broke out, the slaves in Maryland had an actual, saleable value in the market of forty-five millions of dollars. The owners of such a vast amount of wealth could not fail to exert a powerful influence in the State. They enjoyed, of course, the consideration which so great an amount of property given. They have now lost it, precisely in the proportion that the value of this property has diminished, and that is not less than four-fifths. Slaves were worth, before this war broke out five hundred dollars upon an average. They cannot now be sold for an average of one hundred dollars, and it is more probable that they will still further depreciate than that they will recover in price. Instead of being a great property interest, the institution of slavery in Maryland has become a comparatively small one, and the power of the men connected with it is reduced accordingly. ’
The Political Uprising at the North.The Albany (N. Y.) Argus, (Democratic.) in an article on the approaching elections at the North, says the Middle States will insist upon resuming the power they once held and which has been filched from them by New England. It says: ‘ It is in vain that the voice of the press, of public meetings, of formal deputations, is heard imploring the President to give efficiency to his administration. The instruction of the people is needed; and that must be given at the ballot box. We have reached that stage of political crisis wherein our position resembles that of the British Parliament, when a revolution of political opinion dictates a change of ministry and a modification of governmental policy. Instead of a policy vague, vacillating, and destructive, we want one which shall be intelligent, resolute and effective. The restoration of Democratic influences in the North would have the double effect of consolidating our military strength and the force of our political position, and of dividing the South. But there is something more than this demanded by the crisis, and which would be effected by the influence of these great Democratic States, asserting their position as the advocates of constitutional law ! On every side we hear of prepositions to disregard the Constitution. The rights of the press, of individual liberty, and of property, are treated with contempt by a class of demagogues who now propose to establish a military dictatorship.--The men who make this proposition, for the most part cowards and criminals, seek to shelter themselves from the outraged law, under the cover of some military usurpation. Weak-minded and fearful in this crisis as they have been wicked and blind, in every antecedent step, they seek to find refuge from their own folly and vacillation, in a despotism no matter how odious. They know not what they say. A dictatorship means assassination: and absolutism means anarchy. There can be no revolution without counter revolution. The Mirabeau of to-day will be followed by Danton, and Danton displaced by Robespierre, and a reign of corruption and imbecility must follow the reign of terror, before we are ready for a Napoleon. The men who now invoke despotism in the name of order invite anarchy, as when a while ago they proposed to usher in the reign of liberty they proposed an absolutism. There can be no such thing as the overthrow of constitutional law and order without civil war and anarchy. The man who ventures to lay his unlicensed hand on the Ark of the Constitution, even to steady it lest it fall, will be struck down by the hand of God ! It is for this we need a restoration of the Democratic party--to restore once more the reign of constitutional law, and to revive the sentiment of loyalty to the Constitution, and of abhorrence of despotic and lawless power. It is with this conviction that the people will unite to place again in the administration of office that old and patriotic and loyal party, which has already given proof of its capacity to administer this Government, and with which alone we can achieve success in war, and under which alone we can organize an honorable peace. ’
Gen. Jesse L. Reno, U. S. A., who was killed on Sunday at the Heights on the Hagerstown road, was born in Virginia in 1825, and was consequently 37 years of age at the time of his death. He was a graduate of West Point of the class of 1846, in which year he was commissioned as bravot Second Lieutenant of Ordnance. In the Mexican war he was greatly distinguished for gallant bearing and meritorious conduct, and while still a 2d Lieutenant was honored with the brave ranks of 1st Lieutenant and Captain, which he won at the battles of Cerro Gordo and Chapultepec, in the latter of which he was severely wounded. On his return from Mexico he was appointed Assistant Professor of Mathematics at West Point, which position he held for six months; and for eighteen months afterward he was Secretary to the Artillery Board, during which he was engaged in testing heavy ordnance and compiling tactics for heavy artillery. Various employments succeeded, in all of which he brought to bear judgment, good scientific attainments, and industry. He was for a time on the Coast Survey; then on topographical duty in the West; for a year engaged in building a military road from Big Sioux river to St. Paul. Minn. From 1854 to 1857 he was stationed at Frankfort Arsenal, near Philadelphia. He was afterward Chief Ordnance officer to Gen. A. S. Johnston in the Utah expedition, and remained there till 1859, when he was detached and sent to Mount Vernon Arsenal Alabama. He was afterward stationed at Leavenworth, Kansas, where he was when the war broke out. He was killed about 7 o'clock Sunday evening, and the following account of his death is thus given in a letter to the N. Y. Herald: ‘ He, with his staff, was standing a little back of the wood on a field, the rebel forces being directly in front. A body of his troops were just before him, and at this point the fire of the rebels was directed. A Minnie ball struck him and went through his body. He fell, and, from the first, appeared to have a knowledge that he could not survive the wound that he had received. He was instantly carried with the greatest care to the rear, followed by a number of the officers, and attended by the division surgeon, Dr. Cutter. At the foot of the hill he was laid under a tree, and after a few moments the surgeon said he could not live, and he died without the least movement a few minutes after. Grief at any time is heart-rending; but such grief as was manifested by the staff officers and those about him, it has never before been my lot to witness — The old soildier, just come from the scene of carnage with death staring him in the face on every side, here knelt and wept like a child. No eye was dry among those present, and many a silent and spoken resolution was made that moment, that Reno's death should be amply avenged — Thus died one of the bravest Generals that was in the service of his country; one of the bright gems in the crown of Burnside, and a man whom all respected and loved. The country can ill afford to lose at this trying hour such men as Kearney Stevens and Reno. ’
Apprehensions of the Merrimac no. 2.The New York Times calls on the Navy Department to look out for Merrimac No. 2, and thinks the ‘"rebels"’ are playing the same game about her they did about No. 1. It says: ‘ We were told that she was top-heavy; that she hogged and logged, and drew more water than there was in all Hampton Roads; and just in the middle of the general chuckle she dashes our and does — what all the world knows she did. Now, we don't say that because the same kind of rumors are set afloat with reference to the new iron-clad, she is therefore on the point of appearing; but we do say that all such reports are to be distrusted. What we know is, that the rebels have been finishing at Richmond, with great secrecy and much enterprise, a mailed war vessel of some sort, which was commenced at Norfolk; that they evidently put great reliance upon her power, and that there is momentary danger of her appearance. The same men that made the first Merrimac a success are perfectly capable of making the second one a success. The Washington telegrams assure us ‘"it is all right — ample preparations have been made to receive her."’ We hope so; but the only kind of ‘"preparations"’ in which we have any confidence is the presence of a sufficient match of iron-clads in the James river to meet her. If Washington can be considered sufficiently ‘"safe"’ to permit of the withdrawal of the Monitor and Galena from the Potomac, the Navy Department would do well to lose no time in seeing that they are promptly sent where they will have a chance of encountering the new monster. That she will take the trouble to go and seek them out, we think doubtful, while the whole Southern coast line invites her enterprise. We have had experience enough of what can be done by such vessels, and we know that the destruction of half our wooden blockaders is not at all out of the reach of such a craft's ability. The prize presented to her prowess is a splendid one, and if she should succeed in descending the coast in a destroying raid, and open the ports of Charleston, Savannah, and Mobile, at the same time that the rebel army holds Maryland, beleaguers Washington, and threatens the free States, it would be an appeal for recogniition which Europe would find hard to resist. The Navy Department is forewarned; now is it forearmed. ’
New Numbering of the U. S. Army corps.Under an order of the War Department, of the 12th instant, the numbers by which the several corps of the army are designated have been changed. They now stand as follows: I Corps. --Hooker, formerly McDowell. 2.--Sumner. 3.--Heintzelman. 4.--Keyes. 5. --Porter, 6.--Franklin. 7.--Dix (Fortress Monroe.) 8.--Wool (Middle Department.) 9.--Burnside. 10.--Mitchell (Department of the South.) 11. --Sigel. 12.--Banks. The 12th corps is temporarily commanded by Gen. Sedgwick, while Gen. Banks commands in the city of Washington.
McClellan's important victory of Sunday over the great liberating rebel army of General Lee, in Maryland, marks a turn of the tide of war which, if vigorously followed up, will bring this rebellion substantially to an end within the next sixty days." ’ It adds: It appears that General Lee, in falling back from Frederick, had chosen a most admirable defensive position on the rest and in one or two passes of the South Mountain, a spur in the continuation of the great chain of the Blue Ridge northward from Harper's Ferry. This strong position was stormed and carried by our gallant soldiers after a severe engagement, the results being the complete dislodgment of the enemy along the whole line and his precipitate retreat during the night. No field fight during this war has occurred with such commanding advantages of position as this on the side of the defeated army. We think it apparent, too, that General Lee had concentrated the bulk of his forces in or near this position, not simply to arrest the advance of General McClellan, but to surprise him with a crushing repulse. After this defeat of the rebel General, therefore, a vigorous pursuit of his scattered and demoralized army is all that is needed to finish it. The dispatches of General McClellan show that he fully realizes his opportunity, that he is vigorously following up the enemy, and that in all probability the remnants of Lee's Maryland liberating army will be gathered up on the banks of the Potomac or in the Shenandoah valley. But what of that division of his army left by General Lee on the Virginia side of the Potomac, scattered along from Leesburg to Centreville and Manassas. We conclude, from the various estimates reported — ranging from seventy-five to one hundred and fifty thousand men — that Gen. Lee's army column in Maryland was at least one hundred thousand strong. But his army which followed Gen. Pope to Centreville was estimated at not less than two hundred thousand men. Strike off one-fourth, and there still remains between Manassas and Leesburg a rebel column of fifty thousand men to be looked after. Here, then, is an important bit of inviting work for Gen. Halleck. We presume that his reserves retained around Washington amount to at least 75,000 men. This whole force he may now put in the field after this rebel army column remaining around Leesburg and Manassas. Let this be done, and let Gov. Curtin's army of sturdy militia, now on the Pennsylvania border, be called down to stand guard around Washington for 30 days, and within this limitation, while Gen. McClellan is pushing after the main army of Lee up the Shenandoah Valley, this column of our reserves from Washington, by way of Gordonsville, may walk into Richmond. If Gen. Halleck's combinations embrace some such movement, let it be at once put into practice; for the country has now the right to demand that no part of Lee's army, from either side of the Potomac, shall ever go back to Richmond. Refugees who arrived in Washington yesterday from Richmond and Fredericksburg state that there are no rebel soldiers in the capital except the Home Guard and some convalescents; that there are very few troops at Fredericksburg, none at all at Aquia Creek, and only three regiments on the James river. If this be true, now is the available moment to capture Richmond, and crown the victories our armies are winning in Maryland.