Latest from the North.
The Northern papers of the 4th are almost destitute of news.
, Secretary Chase
, and McClellan
visited the battle field of Sharpsburg
on the 2d.
The two former returned to Washington
the next day. The dispatches represent the Confederates
to be entrenched at Bunker Hill
, and Martinsburg
, though their pickets are in three miles of Harper's Ferry
, supported by artillery.
A letter says, notwithstanding the recently paroled Federal prisoners are required not to serve the United States
in any capacity, yet that Government intends sending them to fight the Indians, and has called them to Washington
for that purpose. --The Confederates have possession of Carrolton
, on the Ohio river
, 80 miles below Cincinnati
A dispatch from Louisville, Ky.
, Oct. 3d, says:
The rebels began to fortify Frankfort
, but are now represented as evacuating it. Few of the enemy are found in that direction.
To-day there has been constant skirmishing on the Bardsworth turnpike
, near Mt. Washington
The rebels are reported as being 10,000 strong on the southern bank of the fork of Salt river
They are fortifying their positions among bills, and receiving heavy reinforcements, some say as high as 40 men.
One advance occupies the northern bank of the river, and is waiting to-day for the main body of our army to come up. A fight is anticipated to-morrow, as the rebels swear that they will not run any further away, and our army intends to advance and give them battle.
, of Indiana
, left for the field to-day.
, of the 4th Indiana cavalry, says that the enemy claim 30,000 troops on the east fork of Salt river
A battle is certain on the morrow.--In the skirmishes to-day we had two men killed and ten wounded. Enemy's loss unknown.
A great many deserters are coming in front the rebel lines.
The Address of loyal Governors to the President.
Address in the President of the United States, adopted at a meeting of Governors of loyal States, held to take measures for the more active support of the Government, at Arizona, Pennsylvania, on the 22d day of September, 1862.
After nearly one year and a half spent to contest with an armed and gigantic rebellion against the National Government
of the United States
, the duty and purpose of the loyal States and people continue, and must always remain as they were at its origin, namely; to restore and perpetuate the authority of this Government and the life of the nation.
No matter what consequences are involved in our fidelity, this work of restoring the Republic
, preserving the institutions of democratic liberty, and justifying the hopes and toils of our fathers, shall not fail to be performed.
And we pledge, without hesitation, to the President
of the United States
, the most loyal and cordial support hereafter, as heretofore, in the exercise of the functions of his great office.
We recognize in him the Chief Executive Magistrate
of the Nation, the Commander-in-Chief
of the Army and Navy of the United States
, their responsible and constitutional head, whose rightful authority and power, as well as the constitutional powers of Congress, must be religiously guarded and preserved, as the condition on which alone our form of Government and the constitutional rights and liberties of the people themselves can be saved from the wreck of anarchy or from the gull of despotism.
In submission to the laws which may have been or which may be duty enacted, and to the lawful orders of the President
, co-operating always, in our own spheres, with the National Government
, we mean to continue in the most vigorous exercise of all our lawful and proper powers, contending against treason, rebellion, and the public enemies and, whether in public life or in private station, supporting the arms of the Union
until its cause shall conquer, until final victory shall perch upon its standard, or the rebel foe shall yield a dutiful, rightful, and unconditional submission.
And, impressed with the conviction that an army of reserve ought, until the war shall end, to be constantly kept on foot, to be raised, armed, equipped, and trained at home, and ready for emergencies, we respectfully ask the President
to call for such a force of volunteers for one year's service, of not less than one hundred thousand in the aggregate, the quota of each State to be raised after it shall have filled its quota of the requisitions already made, both for volunteers and militia.
We believe that this would be a measure of military prudence, while it would greatly promote the military education of the people.
We hail with heartfelt gratitude and encouraged hope the proclamation of the President
Issued on the 22d instant, declaring emancipated from their advantage all persons held to service or labor as slaves in the rebel States, whose rebellion shall last until the first day of January now next ensuring.
The right of any persons to retain authority to compel any portion of the subjects of the National Government
to rebel against it, or to maintain as enemies, implies in those who are allowed possession of such authority the right to rebel themselves; and, therefore, the right to establish martial law or military government in a State or Territory in rebellion implies the right and the duty of the Government
to liberate the minds of all men living therein by appropriate proclamations and assurances of protection, in order that all who are capable, intellectually and morally, of loyalty and obedience, may not be forced into treason as the unwilling tools of rebellions traitors.
To have continued indefinitely the most efficient cause, support, and stay of the rebellion, would have been, in our judgment, unjust to the loyal people whose treasure and lives are made a willing sacrifice on the altar of patriotism — would have discriminated against the wife who is compelled to surrender her husband, against the parent who is to surrender his child to the hardships of the camp and the perils of battle, in favor of rebel masters permitted to retain their slaves.
It would have been a final decision alike against humanity, justice, the rights and dignity of the Government
, and against sound and wise national policy.
The decision of the President
to strike at the root of the rebellion will lend new vigor to the efforts and new life and hope to the hearts of the people.
Cordially tendering to the President
our respectful assurances of personal and official confidence, we trust and believe that the policy now inaugurated will be crowned with success, will give speedy and triumphant victories over our enemies, and secure to this nation and this people the blessing and favor of Almighty God.
We believe that the blood of the heroes who have already fallen, and those who may yet give their lives to their country, will not have been shed in vain.
The splendid valor of our soldiers, their patient endurance, their manly patriotism, and their devotion to duty, demand from us and from all their countrymen the homage of the sincerest gratitude and the pledge of our constant reinforcement and support.
A just regard for their brave men, whom we have contributed to place in the field, and for the importance of the duties which may lawfully pertain to us hereafter, has called us into friendly conference.
And now presenting to our National Chief Magistrate
this conclusion of our deliberations, we devote ourselves to our country's service, and we will surround the President
with our constant support, trusting that the fidelity and zeal of the loyal States and people will always assure him that he will be constantly maintained in pursuing with the utmost vigor this war for the preservation of the national life and hope of humanity.
A. G. Curtin
John A. Andrew
Israel Washburne, Jr.
Samuel J. Kinnwood
O. P. Morton
(By D. G. Rose
, his representative,)
F. H. Pierpont
N. S. Berrs
The Washington Star
says that it is now known that Gen. Joe Johnston
is between Culpeper
with a force of not less than 20,000 men. Union residents of the place believe that he has nearer 10,000 men; but of the truth of this we shall know more in good time.
We take the following items from the Washington Star
, of the 3d instant:
The exact number of rebel prisoners, including the sick and wounded, taken by Col. McLean
in his late reconnaissance in force to Warrenton, Va.
, was 1,032.
He paroled them on the spot, it will be remembered.
P. J. Kanen
has been arrested for endeavoring to take quinine, opium, &c., to Richmond
About $70 worth of quinine was found in his possession.
He was sent to the Old Capitol.
The prisoners of state to be exchanged start to-day at 3 o'clock, under superintendence of Major Shenk
. Mr. Wood
, in charge of the Old Capitol prison, goes on to negotiate the exchange.
Commander David N. Porter
has been appointed an Acting Rear Admiral
, commanding mortar fleet.
A. C. Miller
, of Alexandria
, has been arrested and sent to the Old Capitol, on charge of harboring deserters.
The Monitor has arrived here from Hampton Road.
Affairs in New York.
A letter dated New York, Durango
questionable class of the criminally that are waiting, with Mr.
something to turn up. They want something new. They are third of "all quiet along the Potomac
."--Some of the city journals, of radical tendencies them a while ago to look out for "a battle a day" They have been looking out ever since the fighting at Sharpsburg
, but the net results are below the anticipated average.
If these are really anxious for another forward to Richmond
, let them go to work and send to Gen. McClellan
his gained reinforcements.
Let such of as boast of then hundreds of thousands of dollars encourage enlistments by offering handsome bounties and those who have no money shoulder the musket and join the army of the Union
If they will not do this, then them do the other thing.
Let them stop their "complaining in the streets" and their grumbling elsewhere.
Both have the effect to discourage enlistments.
Away with them to Fort Lafayette!
A few days ago, under the influence of a momentary impulse of patriotism, the Common Council adopted a resolution in favor of conferring with the military authorities and others with a view to devise a plan for the promotion of military organizations in the several wards of this city.
A proposition to vote half a million of dollars to carry out the proposition was also recommended.
The committee appointed to act under these instructions accordingly met this afternoon in the chamber of the Board of Councilmen.
Quite a number of military men were present, and not a few scurvy politicians, on the look out for "jobs," "contracts," &c. The military men were in favor of having a strong local militia force, under the control of the Mayor
and Common Councils, while the civilians appeared to favor the appropriation of half a million of dollars to strengthen and increase the fortifications in the harbor.
The committee will meet again to-morrow.
The harmony which has hitherto characterized the sessions of the General Convention of the Episcopal Church was disturbed to-day by motions and counter-motions to commit the Convention
to same expression condemnatory of the rebellion and the course of Southern churchmen.
The resolution of Mr. Brunet
, of Pa.
, was the entering wedge, and though the signs and symptoms to-day are that the wedge will not split the Convention
, it will be driven in far enough to show that the Episcopal Church occupies no doubtful ground upon the momentous issues which are now convulsing our country.
The stock market to-day again was wild with excitement, and everything, after a brief pause on Wednesday and Thursday went up, up, up. The rush to buy was tremendous, the current bringing in all sorts of "outsiders," Everybody that can command a "bale of greenbacks" is anxious to speculate and as in duty bound, the brokers are desirous of doing nothing to allay it. The inflation of prices in . Certain railroad and other corporations, whose abates have never had any definite value, are all at once become popular favorites, the eagerness to buy, for the moment, standing quite out of sight all considerations as to the security of the investment.
How long this disposition to "go it blind" will last, it is impossible to say; but it will be a marvel if with so many "rockets going up," there will not be a good many people coming down like sticks before another moon comes and goes.
The money market is steady at 4 ½@5 ½ per cent. on call, and 4 ½ @5 ½ per cent. for prime paper.
Foreign exchange is quiet and firm at $1.35@$1.35 ½ for bankers' sterling, 4f. 15c on Paris
.--American gold closed steady at 22 ½ per cent. premium.
gold bars are quiet and nominal.
Government stocks are a little firmer.
sizes, 1881, 101½@ Seven-thirty Treasury notes,
There are now four French war steamers at this port.
Their names, the number of guns on beard, and the strength of their crews, are as follows:--The frigate Guerrero
, thirty-four guns, five hundred men; frigate Finisterre
, four guns two hundred and sixty men, gunboat , two guns, sixty-five men, and the corvette Forfait
, four guns, one hundred and thirty-four men. The Guerrero
, which is a very large vessel, drawing, we understand, no less than twenty-five feet on water, has remained for a considerable time in our harbor. --The Finisterre
arrived here from Vera Crus
They constituted apart of Napoleon
's Mexican squadron.
Account of a Touching Interview between a loyal and a Sacred lady.
The following from the correspondence of the Philadelphia inquire
is a fair example of the sort of stuff that is made up by the Northern
It is decidedly rich:
Travelling from Frederick
the other evening, and arriving at the village of Funkstown
, situated some two miles this side of Hagerstown
, a lady in the stage recognized upon the sidewalk several of her female friends.
When the stage drove up at the post-office the friends met, and congratulations of attention took place between them.
Presently one of the ladies upon the sidewalk, addressing the friends in the stage, said, ‘"You heard that--(mentioning the of a gentleman) went off with the Confederates
last week."’ Oh, what a disgrace!
replied the party to whom the information was given.
At this the woman
upon the sidewalk, in an excited manner, said:
"Come, now, don't you talk to me
that way, he has not
disgraced himself, he acted in accordance with the dictated of his own conscience, and I admire him for so doing particularly so when he decided in favor of our
cause.--He acted like a man and I admire his bravery."
For a moment, not a word of reply was made by the lady in the coach.
It was evident that she was laboring under some intense depression of spirits, but suddenly rallying herself, she remarked:--‘"Yes,--disgraced himself, and all those with whom he is connected.
If I had only been home, he never would have taken such a fatal step.
Poor man! "’
These remarks seemed to only still further excite the anger of the traitoress who stood upon the pavement and advancing to the door of the stage, she reached her hand through the open window of the door, and smartly tapping the cheek of her female companion, said to her, ‘"There, now, hush!
You have said enough.
He has acted wisely, considerably and well.
We have known each other for years, but I never want to see you again unless you repent of such sentiments as you have expressed here to-night.
You ought to be ashamed of yourself." ’ And with these words of reproach, she gave her black curls a toss and indignantly withdrew from the presence of her whom she had once called her friend.
It was a source of much sorrow to us, during a later part of the evening, to learn that the young man who had joined the rebel services was a brother
of our stage companion, and that during her absence he had been tempted by a member of his companions, who had returned with the rebel army during their raid in Maryland
to leave his home and join his fortunes to those of Jeff Davison Co. It was more in sorrow than in anger that his sister replied to the insolent remark of the woman, who professed to be her friend, and we plainly saw that it was nothing but the affecting circumstances of the occasion that prevented the broken- hearted woman from administering a severe castigation on her rebel friend.
A rank clerk gives a full of "the Washington."
A letter from Washington
announces the arrival thereof a "clerk of a bank in Richmond
, with his wife and family.
He came through the rebel lines at Martinsburg
, and crossed the river at this point.
Coming here he took the cars to Staunton
, and proceeded to Winchester
, through the Shenandoah Valley.
, through Martinsburg
to Harper's Ferry
, he, with his wife and two small children, were compelled to come on foot.
They had suffered considerably from hunger, and it is not surprising that the little ones, after their long march, seized the food upon the table spread for them on their arrival, with the avidity of half starved cube.
The same story which we have heard recently, with too much of probability in it, and too frequently to doubt, is told by this returned bank clerk from Richmond
He tells the same tale of the half-starved, discouraged and ragged rebels.
The last remnant of a company has been sent away from Richmond
to reinforce the army in Maryland
, and it was his opinion that the Confederate
capital could be easily captured.
The Louisville Journal
, of October 1st, says:
A gentleman arrived in this city yesterday from Danville
and brings intelligence as late as Monday evening. General S. B. Backner
had arrived at Danville
with his command, consisting of about three thousand men, and had occupied General Boyle
's residence as his headquarters.
The rebels are seizing private property of all descriptions belonging to Union men, and have thus confiscated many horses, large quantities of grain, and provisions of all kinds.
, of Mercury county, was robbed of fourteen hundred bushels of grain.
All the churches, the deaf and dumb asylum, and a number of private residences in Danville
, have been seized for hospital purposes.
The residence of Dr. K. J. Breckinridge
has thus been appropriated.
They require accommodations for about three thousand sick. The rebels are engaged in fortifying the bridge over Kentucky river
, near Camp Dick Robinson
, and announce their determination to make a desperate stand there when attacked.
The Effectiveness of the New Yankee Levies.
The Washington Star
calls on the Government
to fill the old regiments, and let raising new ones alone.
It is stated that in the recent battles in Maryland
our new troops did accurately; for which they certainly deserve great credit.
But that truth is, but two or three such regiments were under fire, and those only after the acting in which they were engross had been effectively disciplined as is the army of the rebel . There is not a single army officer of functionary having connection direct or interest with the prosecution of the war, who does not know this to be positively and understandably true.
While the former are begging and praying to have the old regiment quickly filled up as the only possible means of bringing the war to a speedy end, the battle seem to have far greater of the effect of the sleighed of a raise upon their own prospects in the approaching election than of the loyal and treasure, and ultimate consequences, of senator year of successful war. The late convocation of Governors might have done some good, it, instead or to declare this and that general officer for political ends, they had received and rightly to enforce the draft in their respective States long since ordered by the President
as one thousand men infused by the hundred in ten experienced regiments, must, for the first year of their service, he stores reliably effective than five thousand new men with inexperienced officers at their head.
We can look for no substantial change in the current of the war as it has run to store the rebels have been conscription and since we stopped recruiting by direction of Congress, until the rest advice in this connection of all our general officers in the field shall be energetically carried out.
The War prices at the North.
The Philadelphia Inquirer
says he great rise in the prices of nearly all articles of foreign importation and home products has not been counterbalanced by a corresponding increase in the rates of , except in those Department of industry to which the present war has given an impetus.
This inequality has produced some distress in the community, particularly among the working and laboring classes.
This rise is not confined to articles of luxury, but many of the necessaries of life have increased in price, at rates ranging from fifty to one hundred per cent. This increase has taken place during the year past, dating from the 1st of the present month.
As an offset to the advanced rates just mentioned, we may note a decrease in rents.
The want of sympathy abroad for our Government is mainly the cause of the present high prices of articles of foreign importation.
But little is being sent to this country now except for cash, all credit being for the time suspended.
The present tariff has a direct bearing on the increased cost of many articles.
The prices of the better quality of cloth and are not materially affected, while the coarser kinds, satinets, &c., have increased fully 59 per cent.
It is rather singular that some articles for which the demand is very great at present have not risen in price.
For instance, saltpetre now sells for about 15 cents per pound, which has been the average cost for some years past.
Sulphur has but slightly increased: it can now be obtained for $4.75 per 100 pounds, and, prior to the breaking out of the war, sold for $4.50.
Indigo, however, has increased fully 100 per cent., caused in a great measure by the immense quantities used in dyeing the blue uniforms of the Union
From the army of the Potomac.
[correspondence of the Baltimore American.]
Sandy Hook, Md., Oct. 2.
, accompanied by Gen. McClelland
and other distinguished personages, came here by special train and proceeded at once up the Potomac
towards Gen. McClellan
From certain indications it is presumed that he will visit all our prominent military positions and hospitals in this vicinity before his return — a task which will occupy him until Friday.
There is great activity both here and at Harper's Ferry
, and it is expected that the cars will cross the new bridge to-morrow.
There is evidence that ‘"somebody will be hurt" ’ before many days transpire.
From many indications it is believed here in military circles that Gen. Banks
will again assume his old command.
Notwithstanding the popularity of Gen. Williams
, every officer and man of the corps would hail such an event with acclamations, for none knew better his military ability than these.
On Tuesday, a fugitive citizen of Winchester
found his way into our lines.
He reports that, according to the best information be could gather, the enemy were massed at Falling Waters
and in the vicinity of Martinsburg
; the for the place they were said to be fortifying with breastworks.
The Secession population of Winchester
he reports, were thoroughly disgusted with the treatment of the Contests by the citizens of Maryland
, on their recent ‘"vote of money."’
They denounce the Marylanders as having become completely Yankeeized and subdued.
Where is Lee's army.
The Philadelphia Inquirer
of the 4th inst., says:
From the best information we are able to gain to-day, relative to the location of the rebel army under Lee
, it would appear that it occupies the ground situated between the Opequon
crock and the straight turnpike running from the river opposite Williamsport
, via Martinsburg
They have thus the advantage of a considerable stream in their front, and a capture means of transportation and locomotion immediately in their rear.
As they cannot find a better position in that region of country for defence in a field fight, we take it for granted that they will give us battle there, if anywhere east of the fortifications of Winchester
Affairs at Suffolk, Va.--a Reconnaissance to Zunis.
We take the following from a letter dated at Suffolk, Va.
, September 26th, published in the Philadelphia Inquire:
Last evening troops D, H and E of one regiment returned from a scouting expedition, having been out some four days, the expedition being under the command of Col. Chas. C. Dodge
This expedition was accompanied by the battery attached to our regiment, consisting of two brass . This party of mounted men reached Zuni, Va.
, on the Blackwater river
, about twenty-five miles from Suffolk
, last evening about 9 o'clock, when they were bred into by a party of rebel infantry from the opposite side of the river, wounding one of our men named Brown
, belonging to troop D, and occasioning a general stir throughout the battalion.
The fire of the rebels was promptly returned by our men, and the howitzers batching forth their shower of grape and canister among the rebels, caused them to feel for their hiding places, not, however, until they had lost several of their men.
After we had fired several rounds we returned to our camp, satisfied with one night's exploit.
The troops at this place are now under command of Major General Peek
, and the improvements made by him in the different command is a fact noticed by all around him. Our troops are now busily engaged in throwing up entrenchments all around Suffolk
, and we feel able to defend Suffolk
against fifty thousand men. Since the 20th of this month we have lost one orderly sergeant one sergeant, two corporals, and three privates.
So you will see that the enemy are on the lookout for us.
Yankee Romance about the surrender of Munfordsville, Ky.
After the surrender of Munfordsville Bragg
said to Col. Wilder
, you are unfortunate in having, to surrender to superior numbers, but it is no disgrace.
You have ruined the best brigade in my army.
There are but two field officers left in the brigade."’
When the demand was made to surrender on Tuesday, Bragg
represented that he had 60 pieces of artillery bearing upon the place.
said if he could be satisfied of that he would surrender.
He was allowed to inspect the guns planted, and counted 72 Bragg
called him ‘"the — stubborn man he had ever seen."’ Colonel Wilder
allowed him to inspect the guns because he did not wish to waste ammunition.
After the first bloody repulse of Chalmers
's brigade, that individual had the impertinence to demand a surrender.
The following is his note:
Col. J. T. Wilder,
Com'ding U. S. Forces at Green River
You have made a gallant defence of your positions, and to avoid further bloodshed I demand an unconditional surrender of your forces.
I have six regiments of infantry, one battalion of infantry sharpshooters, and have just been reinforced by a brigade of cavalry, under Col. Scott
, with two batteries of artillery, I have two regiments on the North
side of the river, and you can't escape.
The railroad track is torn up in your rear, and you can't receive reinforcements.
's army is but a short distance in the rear.
Jas. R. Chalmers
Brigadier General Comm
'ding First Brigade Right Wing Army of Mississippi.
To this demand and these arguments Col. Wilder
returned the following answer:
Brigadier General James R. Chalmers, Commanding
First Brigade R. W. Army of Mississippi:
Your note demanding the unconditional surrender of my forces has been received.
Thank you for your compliments.
If you wish to avoid further bloodshed, keep out of the range of my guns.
As to reinforcements, they are now entering my works.
I think I can defend my position against your entire force.
At least I shall try to do so.
J. T. Wilder
Colonel Commanding United States forces at Green river
The force to which Colonel Wilder
finally surrendered was 25,000 men and seventy-two pieces of artillery, said that Col. Wilder
are in the mil. force of Gen. Bragg
teen miles the whole force about twenty-four hundred strong, returned.
has again postponed the draft in Massachusetts
, this time to the 15th . This we believe in the Massachusetts
is the New England
We were which Gov. Andrew
. We were ‘"thrice three hundred thousand"’--New York World.
Hon. Jno. J. Crittenden
has written a letter, dated the 26th ult., in which this paragraph occurs.
Be pleased, also, to give Mr. Cox
my heartiest and best wishes for his re-election to Congress.
I have had my prejudice against him, but he overcame them entirely by his conduct and conviction the present Congress.
His course, in my opinion, was judicious, intelligent and patriotic, opposing steadily that abolition policy which to convert this holy war for the defence of the Government
and the Union
into a mere anti-slavery party war — a policy calculated to prolong and this bloody war — without doing any good to the white or the black man. It is for the country to decide whether such a policy shall prevail.
It is for his opposition to it that I feel a solicitude for the election of Mr. Cox
Some twenty suits have been brought in New York to test the power of the State
to tax United States
stock held by banks.
There is said to be $10,000,000 thus taxed.
It is stated that Mr. Cyrus W. Field
, of N. York
, is on his way to England
with an additional proposal from the United States Government for uniting the two continents by telegraph.
The non commissioned officers and men taken prisoners in Texas
, nineteen months ago, have at length been exchanged, and are now at the disposal of the Government
for active service.
Indian Commissioner Dole
has returned to Washington
His statements in regard to the indian difficulties there are said to be not or coursing of hopes of a speedy settlement.
It is said the grain in Minnesota
will not be half gathered this season, the whites having abandoned agriculture labors for safety from the Indians.
Brig. Gen. Price
, son of Sterling Price
, who has been a principle six months will, it is said, be exchanged for General Prentiss
A woman was convicted in New Herren, Cons, last week, as a common scold, under an old blue law which applies only to females.
Hon. John S. Kinney
has been nominated for Congress by the Democrate of Nebraska Territory
A. P. Woods
, a prominent citizen of Wheeling
, and formerly a member of the Virginia Legislature, died on Tuesday.
, of Cleveland, Ohio
, was recently indicted in the sum of $20,000 damages for breach of promise of marriage.
The steamer Arabic
sailed from Boston
on Wednesday, for Liverpool
, with $200,000 in specie.
The call for postage stamps at the New York post-office amounts to about $10,000 a day.
, wife of the African explorer, died at Stapany, April 1st of the fever.
The principal hotels at Saratoga Springs
have closed for the season.
A violent rain storm prevailed in New York throughout Wednesday.