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The very latest from the North.

We received last night, through the polite attention of friends, copies of the New York Herald and Times of Wednesday, the 8th, which came by flag of truce boat last night. The following dispatch from Gen. Grant is the latest official intelligence about the late battle at Corinth:

Hdq'rs of Gen. Grant, Jackson, Tenn., Oct. 6--12.20 P. M.
To Major General Halleck, General-in-Chief:
Generals Ord and Huribut came upon the enemy yesterday, and General Huribut having driven in small bodies of the rebels the day before, after seven hours hard fighting drove the enemy five miles back across the Hatchle towards Corinth, capturing two batteries, about three hundred prisoners, and many small arms.

I immediately apprised General Rosecrans of these facts, and directed him to urge on the good work. The following dispatch has just been received from him:

"Chevalla, Oct. 6, 1862.
"To Major-General Grant:
"The enemy are totally routed, throwing everything away. We are following sharply.

‘"W. S. Rosecrans, Major-General."’

Under previous instructions Gen. Huribut is also following. Gen. McPherson is in the lead of Gen. Rosecrans's column.

The rebel General Martin is said to be killed.

U. S. Grant,
Major-General Commanding.

A dispatch from Cairo, dated the 7th, says:

‘ As yet we can only state the general results of the fighting at Corinth. Skirmishing commenced on Sunday last, and there has been more or less fighting every day since. The rebel loss is about eight hundred killed and from one thousand five hundred to one thousand eight hundred wounded. We have one thousand five hundred prisoners at Corinth and three hundred on the Hatchie river, and more constantly coming in. We have taken several thousand stand of arms, thrown away by the rebels in their flight. They are mostly new and of English make. Our loss, it is believed, will be three hundred killed and one thousand wounded. Many houses in the town were badly shattered by shot and shell.

On Sunday General Ord drove the enemy five miles over hills and through woods and valleys, the rebels taking advantage of every wood for their infantry, and every hill for their artillery. The fight lasted seven hours. The rebel Gen. Rogers was killed. Gen. Oglesby has died of his wounds. Gen. Ord is slightly wounded.

Prisoners taken say their effective force in the vicinity is 65 000 men. This is probably an over-estimate; but it is certain that they have outnumbered us two to one.

Gen. Grant in an official dispatch, dated the 5th of course not so late as the one published above says:

Rosecrans telegraphs that the loss is serious on our side, particularly in officers, but bears no comparison with that of enemy.

Gen. Hackleman fell while gallantly leading his brigade.

Gen. Oglesby is dangerously wounded.

Gen. McPherson, with his command, reached Corinth yesterday.

Gen. Rosecrans pursued the retreating enemy this morning, and, should they attempt to move toward Bolivar, will follow to that place.

Gen. Hurlbut is at the Hatchie River, with five or six thousand men, and is, no doubt, with the pursuing column.

From 700 to 1,000 prisoners, besides the wounded, are left in our hands.

Gen. Orr, who followed Gen. Hurlbut, met the enemy to-day on the South side of the Hatchie, as I understand from a dispatch, and drove them across the stream, and got possession of the Heights with our troops.

Gen. Orr took two batteries and about 200 prisoners.

A large portion of Gen. Rosecrans's forces were at Chevalla.

At this distance everything looks most favorable, and I cannot see how the enemy are to escape without losing everything but their small arms.

I have strained everything to take into the fight an adequate force, and to get them to the right place. U. S. Grant,

Major General Commanding.

The Emancipation proclamation — M'Clellan Prohibits its Discussion among his soldiers — Lincoln's life Unsafe in Washington.

Lincoln's Proclamation is bearing bitter fruit, and its effect in the army is greatly feared. Gen'l McClellan has issued the following order with reference to its discussion by his soldiers:

Head'rs Army of the Potomac, Camp near Sharpsburg, Md.; Oct. 7th, 1862.

The attention of the officers and soldiers of the Army of the Potomac is called to General Orders No. 139, War Department, Sept. 24, 1862, publishing to the army the President's proclamation of Sept. 22.

A proclamation of such grave moment to the nation, officially communicated to the army, affords to the General commanding an opportunity of defining specifically to the officers and soldiers under his command the relation borne by all persons in the military service of the United States towards the civil authorities of the Government. The Constitution confides to the civil authorities, Legislative, Judicial and Executive, the power and duty of making, expounding and executing the federal laws. Armed forces are raised and supported simply to sustain the civil authorities, and are to be held in strict subordination thereto in all respects. This fundamental rule of our political system is essential to the security of our republican institutions, and should be thoroughly understood and observed by every soldier. The principle upon which, and the objects for which, armies shall be employed in suppressing the rebellion must be determined and declared by the civil authorities, and the chief Executive, who is charged with the administration of the national affairs, is the proper and only source through which the views and orders of the Government can be made known to the armies of the nation.

Discussion by officers and soldiers concerning public measures determined upon and declared by the Government, when carried at all beyond the ordinary temperate and respectful expression of opinion, tend greatly to impair and destroy the discipline and efficiency of troops by substituting the spirit of political faction for that firm, steady, and earnest support of the authority of the Government, which is the highest duty of the American soldier. The remedy for political errors, if any are committed, is to be found only in the action of the people at the polls.

In thus calling the attention of this army to the true relation between the soldiers and the Government, the General commanding merely adverts to an evil against which it has been thought advisable during our whole history to guard the armies of the Republic, and in so doing he will not be considered by any right-minded person as casting any reflection upon that loyalty and good conduct which has been so fully illustrated upon so many battlefields. In carrying out all measures of public policy this army will, of course, be guided by the same rules of mercy and Christianity that have ever controlled its conduct towards the defenceless.

By command of Maj. Gen. McClellan.

James A. Hardee, Lieut.-Colonel, Aid de-Camp, and Acting Assistant Adjutant General.

A dispatch in the New York Herald, from Washington on the 7th, under the heading of ‘"The President's Life Considered in Danger,"’ says:

‘ The President's life is considered unsafe by many persons here. As in all great political and social crises there are now monomaniacs whose peculiar insanity points toward the assassination of the person who wields the power of the Government.--Mutterings have been heard in reference to the President by persons who have this form of insanity in Washington, and the personal safety of the Commander-in Chief ought to be looked after with the utmost diligence.

Cassius M. Clay made a speech in New York, Tuesday night, in which he said, if Seymour, the Democratic candidate for Governor of New York, and some of his supporters were hung, thousands of good lives might be saved. This was received with great applause.

Another "Emancipation" proclamation.

Colonel Morgan, of the Ninetieth regiment of New York volunteers, now commanding the military post at Key West, Florida, has, by our last news from that point, seen fit to issue a proclamation declaring all the slaves on that island to be free.

From M'Clellan's Army — the rebel Army rapidly retreating on Richmond — statement of a deserter — Capture of a Train, &C., &C.

The advices from McClellan's army are to the 7th. A dispatch from Cumberland, Md., on that day, states that Col. Imboden's entire wagon train, two pieces of artillery, and fifty prisoners, had been captured by the Federal Colonel McReynolds, on the Cacapon river. An explosion occurred in a powder magazine at Harper's Ferry, on the 6th, wounding several soldiers. The following dispatches are all from the Army of the Potomac that are of any interest:

Sandy Hook, Md., Oct. 6, 1862. --A reconnaissance was made this morning by the Sixth United States cavalry and a section of Robinson's light battery. They moved out on the Charlestown road, and shortly after come upon the rebel mounted pickets, who fell back, rapidly skirmishing as they retreated, until they came upon the reserve, who were drawn up to receive them with a battery commanding the approach. Captain Sanders, finding the enemy in force, fell back and returned to camp.

During the advance we had two men killed and six wounded. The rebels lost six killed and ten wounded, and a Lieutenant of the Seventh Virginia Cavalry taken prisoner.

Aside from this everything is quiet in this vicinity.

Frederick, Md., Oct. 7.--I learn from private sources that recent reconnaissances reveal the fact that Gen. Lee's rebel army is rapidly falling back on Richmond.

The chances of their escape from McClellan's clutches are hourly diminishing A detachment from Sumner's corps drove in the pickets of the enemy to Charlestown day before yesterday.

A dispatch from Washington, dated the 7th, says ‘"there is no evidence of any enemy in great force immediately in front of Washington."’ It adds:

‘ A deserter from the 2d Virginia cavalry, Mumford's brigade, captured near Fairfax Court-House states that Gen, Jo. Johnston is to supercede Gen Bragg in Kentucky. He says that he heard rebel officers admit the loss of the rebels at Antistam to be 46,000 killed and wounded, and 4,000 prisoners. According to his statement the rebel army is located thus: Mumford's brigade, of from 900 to 1,000 cavalry, is between. Warrenton and the springs. The force at Culpeper Court House, now commanded by Gen. Jo. Johnston, consists of three divisions; one of the them commanded by Gen. Gus. W. Smith, another by Gen. Horton; the name of the other division commander he did not know. The force under Lee at Winchester, he says, numbers 180,000 men, and is being reinforced, but this is evidently too high an estimate.

Fighting in the West--the Confederates on the Retreat.

A telegram from Louisville, on the 7th, states that it was supposed there that the Confederates were retreating to Hall's Gap, where a great battle would be fought. They had burnt the bridge behind them. A later telegram, sent at midnight, says:

Lexington is mostly evacuated by the rebels, there being only one hundred remaining. They took and carried to Camp Dick Robinson 7,000 barrels of pork from Chenault & Co., packed on their own account and for other parties, mostly Secessionists. They also took $90,000 worth of jeans and linseys from Oldham, Scott & Co., which they have manufactured into clothing. The rebels paid for these goods in Confederate scrip, unless owners refused to receive it, in which event no consideration was given. Reliable individuals from Lexington, who have conversed with rebel soldiers, are confident that a battle must ensue before the rebels leave Kentucky. Rebel soldiers tell them they prefer being killed, or captured and paroled, rather than march over the mountains again. This seems to be the conclusion of the whole rebel army.

A fight occurred at Newtonia, fifty-four miles south of Springfield, Mo., in which, claims a St. Louis telegram of the 7th, Gen. Schofield drove before him 15,000 Confederates, after a two hours fight. The state of affairs in Kentucky is thus described in a letter dated Louisville, the 3d:

The army moves in three main corps d'armes, commanded respectively by Major-Generals Crittenden, McCook, and Gilbert. Major General Thomas, the hero of Mill Spring, is second in command under Buell. A few glimmerings of what is to be can be discerned in the movement of one corps, which left this city on Wednesday morning, and within twenty-four hours was in possession of Shelbyville, over thirty miles distant. The rebels fled before them in confusion, forgetting, in their haste, to get away large quantities of arms, ammunition and other military stores. This place had been occupied by a division of Kirby Smith's army, about 4,000 strong, commanded by Claiborne, of Mississippi. Preston Smith and Hull held positions as Brigadier-Generals under Claiborne. Col. Nixon, whilom editor of the New Orleans Crescent, was the rebel provost marshal of the town. The rebel rule at that place is described as unusually gentle.

It is reported from the direction of Bardstown that the rebels are falling back from that place, though Bragg's army is, or has been, camped there. The Democrat, of this city, has information that Bragg is massing his troops back of Bardstown, with a view of marching through Springfield and Danville to Camp Dick Robinson, where he purposes fortifying and making a desperate stand.

The Conflict commenced in Boston — George Francis Train mobbed by Sumner's Supporters — no free speech.

A Republican meeting was held in Fauteuil Hall Monday, which was addressed by Senator Sumners at which George Francis Train, who attempted to reply to him, was mobbed. The Boston Post says:

‘ During his speech, Mr. Sumner specially challenged criticism; but no sooner was this accepted on the part of some of his hearers, than the meeting utterly refused to hear a response. Free speech, such as had been invited, was not permitted. The friends of Mr. Geo. Francis Train, who with him had remained quietly for two mortal hours listening to Mr. Sumner, thought it only fair that he should be heard; and this, too, after the Sumner ovation had actually come to an end. But such a seemingly fair and just proceeding was not to be allowed. Mr. Train, after much peril and difficulty, reached the platform, but was seized in the roughest manner by the police and others. He succeeded several times in clearing himself from these encumbrances, but was at last overpowered and taken from the hall by the passage in rear of the platform. From thence, without any covering to his head, he was taken to Police Station 2, followed by a large crowd.

Mr. Train remained at the station house till six o'clock, employing the time chiefly in writing a scorching review of Mr. Sumner's speech. While here his friends assembled in large numbers in Court Square, honoring him with cheers and various demonstrations of approbation. The rough usage to which he had been subjected did not appear to greatly disturb his equanimity; though a natural indignation was apparent in his look and manner.

The New York money market.

The New York Herald, of the 8th, says:

‘ An attempt was made by some leading operators yesterday to induce a reaction in the stock market by large sales of cash stock; but it utterly failed.--Within half an hour after the new supply of stock was placed on the market prices rallied to previous points. In the afternoon the market was buoyant, and the outside inquiry for stocks large. Money was abundant at 4@5. Gold rose to 123¾, and exchange to 136½.


Lord Lyons is expected to return to Washington on the English steamer of the 11th inst.

Brig.-Gen. Devens has been nominated for Governor by the Republicans of Massachusetts.

The Union Convention which nominated Kiernan for Congress at Utica, New York, refused to endorse the Emancipation Proclamation.

Three Massachusetts regiments have been ordered to Newbern, N. C.

The quota of Vermont has been filed. The draft in New York is again postponed.

Frank P. Blair has been nominated for Congress in St. Louis on the Emancipation ticket.

At Norfolk, Va., none are now allowed to pass into or out of the city, except those engaged in bringing marketing to the city.

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