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Latest from the North.

We are indebted to the politeness of Capt. Philip Cashmeyer for a copy of the New York Times of Thursday last, the 6th instant, Gold rose in New York Wednesday from 120½@131½. It was reported that Price was about to attack Corinth in conjunction with Bragg, and the fortifications there had been much strengthened. Gen. Boyle is sending out of Kentucky all persons who sympathized with Bragg in his recent march into that State.--The extracts given below from the Times are o importance:

From M'Clellan's army.

The Times, in its ‘"situation"’ article, says that Ashby's Gap was taken quick possession of by the Federal on Monday evening, the Confederates retreating and leaving them in undisturbed possession of the mountains, from which a good view of the Shenandoah Valley and Winchester could be obtained. No large body of the enemy was discovered. Piedmont was occupied by the cavalry and artillery under Pleasanton and Averill on Monday night, and on Tuesday morning they pushed on, and after a spirited skirmish, occupied Marquette, and obtained command of the approaches to Manassas and Chester Cap, on the left of the Blue Ridge Mountains. It adds:

In the extreme front, toward Gordonsville, that portion of Gen. Sickles command sent forward to look after the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, report having found it in much better order than expected. The bridge at Broad Run is so little injured that it can be repaired in few hours, and the Ketch Run bridge is entirely uninjured. Our troops yesterday held the country in the vicinity of Brentville, and had driven the rebel patrols upon Warrenton Junction. The total rebel force there is believed to be not more than 3,000 infantry with corresponding numbers of cavalry and artillery.

In regard to the situation in Virginia, the Washington Chronicle, of Wednesday, says:

‘ Indications convince us that a battle is imminent. The secret foes of the Republic, here and at Baltimore, have lately become nervous as to the issue, which is probably a good harbinger of victory.--They may rest assured that a sufficient army is held in reserve not alone to defend the Capital, but to protect Maryland and Pennsylvania from another invasion. As we press back their front, we take care to secure our rear.

The following dispatch is dated Harper's Ferry' Nov. 4.

Some of the enemy's cavalry came within two miles of our pickets at Bolivar Heights last night and carried off three men, one of the One Hundred and Forty-fifth Regiment New York and the other two of the Fourteenth Pennsylvania. A Lieutenant reports having seen distinctly a body of cavalry, numbering at least 100 men, appear and disappear in the woods when they were taken, but too rapidly for any shots to be directed against them.

The woods on London Heights are on fire and present a magnificent spectacle.

Our pickets are reported to have been driven in at Sharpsburg last evening.

Interesting from Washington — feeling relative to the elections — Gen Halleck on a foreign war — communication from the French Minister — Rumored change in the Cabinet — the Contemplated Confederate attack on Yorktown, &c., &c.

The Washington dispatches in the Times, of Thursday, are important. It is intimated that dispatches of grave import have been handed to the Government by the French Minister, and foreign complications are broadly hinted at. Important changes in the Cabinet and in military commands are also mentioned as sure to occur during the present week. We give some of them for what they are worth:

The feeling in Washington to-day, in view of the general surpass of the Democrats in the late elections, is one of gloomy anticipations. Most regard it as a rebuke of the Administrative feebleness of the Government, but fear that the effect will be still further to increase its timidity and irresolution. Secretary Seward was with the President quite early this morning, and Secretary Chase soon afterward.

Dispatches of the gravest importunes, and which may effect a change in the whale aspect of the war were to day submitted by the French Legation to the Secretary of State.

Gen. Halleck expresses the belief that a foreign war, necessitating a levy an masses of our whole population would not be an evil without large compensating benefits. He expresses the belief that the North has not yet begun to develop its possible resources.

An informal meeting of the Cabinet was held to-day, and an adjournment had to this evening, when it re-assembled at 8 o'clock--Gen. Halleck being present, on special invitation of the President. It is believed that decisions of more ultimate importance, than any yet made in the course of the war, have been arrived at, and will be announced before the end of the week. The air is pregnant with rumors of military and Cabinet changes. Military changes are positive, and it is believed that certain Cabinet Ministers regard these changes as a condemnation, giving them no alternative but to resign.

We have to-day heard the opinions of three Major-Generals, and these opinions are the reflex of all military opinions here, to the effect that the view of the rebel programme entertained by Major Gen. Dix, and exclusively set forth in this column some days ago, is the correct one, and that the rebels are actively retiring, with a view of concentrating at Petersburg, where Gen. Longstreet, with his vanguard, is already in command, for the purpose of making an attack on Suffolk and Yorktown, capturing the supplies and vast stores of heavy artillery left behind in the latter place on the abandonment of the Peninsula; and then making an attack enforce upon, Fortress, Monroe, which Gov. Letcher has declared to be the one point essential to the sovereignty of the State of Virginia and the safety of the Confederate Government.

Owing to reported disagreements between the Administration and Governor Curtin, the visit of the latter here yesterday was regarded as significant. Its object, however, was a conference, invited by the President, on military affairs generally, and particularly so far as they related to Pennsylvania. The Governor expressed anxiety for such a protection of the border, now that Gen. McClellan had changed his base of operations, as would be effective in preventing another invasion of Maryland and Pennsylvania by the enemy. The President freely recognized the importance of the matter, and promised that should a necessity for more ample protection than that now made arise, proper steps would at once be taken to carry out the suggestions of Gov. Curtin.

The subject of the order providing for enlistments of men for the regular army from the volunteers was touched upon, and the Governor expressed his decided belief that to carry it out now, while every nerve was strained to fill the volunteer regiments which, by the casualties of the field, had been reduced to mere skeletons, would he attended with serious dissatisfaction. The putting of drafted men into old regiments was also discussed. The Governor, while expressing an earnest desire to further in every way the filling up of old regiments, stated that the law under which the draft was made distinctly provides that the men so drafted shall elect their own officers, and that the men in all the camps refused to consent to the other arrangement. He would, nevertheless, render every possible aid to the Government in any measure best calculated to improve the condition of the army and to speedily conquer the enemy.

The interview was of a character entirely friendly, the reports to the contrary notwithstanding.

There can be no doubt that the rebels are again making formidable progress in the construction of a navy. We published the fact a few days since, that the English ship-yards are being used for the purpose of building large iron-clads for the rebel Government; the payment for which it is nearly certain is made from English sources. Two of these vessels have been seen by one of the persons from whom our information is derived.

We have positive assurance, also, from Richmond, that the new Merrimac is finished, and that two other similar vessels are under way. All these facts, with the recent exploits of Capt. Semmes, clearly indicate a hopefulness and fortitude on the part of the rebels, that promise us a stubborn struggle in their subjugation.

Miss Buckner, the lady who was arrested some days since in the act of smuggling quinine and carrying a rebel mail through our lines, to-day cheaply purchased her release from imprisonment by taking the oath of allegiance to the United States of America.

Important from Canada — Apprehensions of war with the United States--movement of troops.

A letter from Montreal, Nov. 3d, in the New York Times, gives the following important intelligence:

An uneasy feeling has prevailed in this city for some time — an undefined apprehension that Britain is on the eyes of a contest with the United States, in which of course, Canada would be involved. The daily steamers from Quebec have been quickly bringing up shot, and of late shell and a number of Armstrong guns, and on the 1st instant we were startled by the announcement that the Ariadne, one of the finest frigates in the British navy, had passed Father Point on her way to Quebec, where she is now lying. The Ariadne, it seems, has brought up two troops of artillery and a quantity of stores. It is now said that a regiment from Halifax is coming into Canada, and that at least 10,000 men will be concentrated in this city during the winter.

In a Provincial town there are always plenty of people who know far better than anybody else the why and wherefore of every movement of every European or American postdate or politician. --They now say that Admiral Wilkes's blockade of Bermuda is the cause of the reinforcement of the Canadian garrisons. How true this surmise may be, your readers can judge as well as your correspondent. I do hope, however, that nothing will occur to disturb the relations happily existing between this colony and the States. It cannot be doubted, that in the event of war, the population of Canada would espouse the cause of the mother country warmly, though not so enthusiastically as they did last winter when the Trent affair occurrence.

The Alabama ("290") pursued by English Crusery--three British men of war after her.

The New York Times has the following paragraph, containing some disagreeable information about the gallant ‘"290"’

Upon receiving the information that Captain Semmes had disregarded the certificates of a British Consul, and in the face of the British consular seal, regularly affixed to papers establishing the British ownership of certain property on board of a vessel captured by him, had deliberately proceeded to burn that property with the vessel which contained it. the British Consul in this city, we are informed, immediately took steps to represent these transactions most forcibly to Admiral Milne, commanding Her Britannic Majesty's squadron in the American waters. The Admiral, upon receiving the representations of the Consul, forthwith ordered three British men of war in pursuit of the Alabama, with orders, as we understand, to overhaul that vessel of wrath, and convey her to some British port, where her violations of international law may be judicially inquired into.

Result of the election.

Horatio Seymour is elected Governor of New York by a majority of 6,000 votes. His friends claim a larger majority, but we cannot find it in the returns. The Congressional delegation will stand.--Democrats, 17; Republicans, 13; Independent 1. The complexion of the Legislature is not changed, though the Republican majority in the Assembly is considerably reduced.

Gov. Andrew's majority in the State of Massachusetts is about 20,000. To the Senate, 34 Republicans are elected and 6 People's Union men. To the House, 179 Republicans and 34 People's Union men are elected.

The New Jersey election has terminated in the success of Parker, the Democratic candidate for Governor, by about 10,000 majority — a Democratic gain of about 19,000 over the last vote for Governor. Of the Congressmen, four Democrats and one Republican are elected, and both branches of the Legislature will be largely Democratic — thus securing the election of a Democratic United States Senator.

The returns from Illinois indicate the election of five, and perhaps, seven Republicans, and seven Democrats, to Congress. Two districts are reported as doubtful.

In Delaware, Cannon (Rep.) is elected Governor, and Fisher (Rep,) to Congress.

In Wisconsin the Democrats have gained largely. They elect two members of Congress, and the Republicans three. One district is still in doubt.

In Missouri the returns from the interior show the probable success of the Emancipationist.

The Republican State ticket has been unsuccessful in Kansas, and Wilder (Rep,) is believed to be elected to Congress.

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