Progress of the War.a full and Interesting Yankee account of the attack on Charleston — a "Shameful abandonment of the Siege."
The Yankees have given up the "reconnoissance" dodge, and now confers that the awault on Charleston was the attack, and resulted in a disastrous failure. The New York Herald says that the repulse. "though almost bloodless in its results, may be classed among our most discouraging military disasters" The Baltimore American denounces it as a "shameful abandonment of the siege" A correspondent of the New York Herald who was in the fight gives that paper the first minute account of the engagement which we have seen. We take some extracts from the letter: The great struggle is over. The enterprise on which so many months of preparation have been bestowed, and to which the eyes of the whole American people, loyal and disloyal, have been directed with the most intence interest, has proved a failure. The rebel flag still floats over Charleston and its defences and our iron clad fleet has withdrawn from the conflict and in part disabled. Now that the smoke of battle has cleared army, the maddening excitement of yesterday aborted and some chance efforded of learning all the incidents of a never to be forgotten , 1st the endeavor to group together such of the main features of the day as present themselves to my mind, and to write at clear and a narrative as I may be able to do of the battle between the pigmies and giants — between the little flouting double gunned revolving towers of iron and the forts and batteries that lives the shores of Morris and Suillvan's Islands standing as grim sentinels in the harbor, and with their three hundred monster guns guarding the entrance to the rebel city of Charleston. On the morning of Monday everything was ready for the movement. The captains of the rebels had been already furnished with the plan of attack and order of battle, as follows: The bar will be buoyed by the Commander assisted by C. O. Boutelle, Assistant United States Court Survey, commanding the Bibb, by Acting and the pilots of the squadron. The commanding officers will, previous to crossing, make themselves acquainted with the value of the buoys. The vessels will, on signals bring made, form in the preseribed order shead, at intervals of one length. The squadron will pass up the main ship channel without returning the fire of the batteries on Morris Island unless signal should be made to command action. The ships will open fire on Fort Sumter when within easy range, and will take up a position to the northward and westward of that fortification, engaging its left or northeast face at a distance or from one thousand to eight hundred yards firing low and alming at the centre embra. The commanding officers will their officers and men to carefully wasting a shot, and will on upon them the necessity of procesion rather than rapidly of fire. Each ship will be prepared to render every assistance possible to vessels that may require it. The special code of signals prepared for the iron clad vessels will be seen in action. After the reduction of Fort Sumter it is probable the next pot of attack will be the batter led on Morris Island. And will be in readiness to support the iron clads when they attack the batteries on Morris Island. F. S. Dupont, Rear Admiral, Com'g South Atlanta Sqandron. The correspondent then proceeds to give a description of the fight prefacing it with the fact that "the same confidence of success which seemed to have taken possession of the people and even of the Government did not find itself fully reflected in the minds of the Admiral and his officers." And, therefore, with no trepidation, no thrinking no calculation of defeat, but at the same time without the confidence which unprofessional persons seemed to possess, the gallent Dupont and his officers prepared to move forward and the great question whether the Monitors were or were not a match for the forts and batteries. The attack would have commanded an hour or two earlier than it did had it not the Admiral was advance to wait for the tide rather than sail up with the fleed tide, as the former would be more spy to discover the locality of the contractions in the and the tide turned at 11 o'clock. During the house of suspecte the eye had an of the of the on which the great was to be played.--The blue waters in the bright and fleets of of their in the waves and attacted their as they after their poor. Over the parp or the rebel our movements and them; and even on the and of the of the city we could see hundreds of in view were the numerous has extending from the creek, on the river following the of James Island, down to the Light-house battery on the South point of Merric's Island. On the other side they were mere numerous still Breach in Battery on the lower end of Sulliven's Island; Fort Beauregard and on Fort Mouthis while in the centre of the picture, were from the water, stood Fort Sumter, displaying the rebel flag on one angle, and flag on the opposite angle; and beyond Fort and Castle Pey, the city filling up the background. Meanwhile the attacting vessels lay at anchor in the man ship channel, within a mile of the batteries on Morris's Island, without provoking The Wwed was in the and the other vessels in the order in which they are names in the plan of attack. Precisely a past 12 o'clock the fleet commanded to move. The distance to the p at which they were difected to attack was nearly four miles, and for all that distance they were in range of the enemy's batteries. But again there is a delay. Grappting irons attached to the Ww having get to her anchor cable and it takes nearly to act matters right. At last the difficulty is got over, and once more the vessels are under way. Slowly they move up the ship channel. They p in easy range of Fort Wagner, on Morris's Island; but not a shot disputes their progress, they pass the battery at Cumminge's Point named. I believe, Battery Bee--but still not a discharge from a rebel gun. And it is not till the vessels have got fairly between the two upper points of Morris's Island and Sullivan's Island — which are about a mile apart — and are rounding to make the entrance of the harbor, that the is ken--Fort Sumter opens the hall with her ba guns. Fort Moutr taken up the oud the various batteries join in the deafening chorus, and the iron-clads find themselves within a circle of fire, consentrated from all the rebel guns that can be brought to bear upon the point. Nor is that all that these little floating turrets have to contend with. If it were they might have held on their way defiantly and run the gauntlet of all the batteries that stood between them and Charleston. The weak side of Fort Sumter is well known to be its northwest front. That was the point against which our guns were ordered to be directed; but that was also the point which the rebel engineers were determined and that we should not get at. From the northeast angle of the fort, access the channel to Fort Mounts were suspended — floating from barrel, and kept by weights — heavy and nes of roping, be fixed as to be sure to get entangled in the propelling apparatus of vessels, and also connected with torpedoes. Into this net the Wechawked which led the end, fell; and for a long line her machinery was useless, and the drifted with the current — At last, after great exertions are exae of herself. The other vessels sheered off and avoided the same peril. There was no setting into the required position in this way. --Any attempt to persevere in that course would have rendered the fleet unmanageable and exposed it to destruction. in the attempt to get round or past Fort Sumter in that way the building Monitors sought another opening; but even the shoal ground between the fort and Cummings's Point was barred up with piles. In fact Fort Sumter was found to be the apex of a triangle, the two sides of which were impossible to our vessels, and at the base line of which they were exposed to a concentric fire from Forts Sumter and Moustric, the Kedan, Battery Lee, and Fort Beauragard. Thus brought to attend, and nothing being left but either to batter down Fort Sumter or retire, the iron clads went relotainly to their work. Strectching themselves in a line between Sumter and Moustric, and only giving an occasional shot to the latter work, they piled their guns upon the of Sumter. The Keckuk steamed up to within three hundred yards of the fortress, While the other vessels lay at intermediate distances between that hundred yards. The Ironsider —— the Admiral's flagship — had become entirely unminageable refusing to answer her belm; so that, with the exception of one which she poured into Fort Moultrie, she took no part in the attack, although she was herself the target for many of the enemy's largest guns, and was hit some sixty or seventy times sustaining however no material damage. For half an hour, while our vessels were in the position I have described, the commanding was of the meat awfully grand and terrible character. No words of miles, no words of any man can convey a faint idea of it. It was terrific. No less than three hundred guns of the largest calibre consentrated their fire upon the sight a who had but 16 guns with which to respond. The contest was too unequal to be persevered to. The Keckuk was soon badly damaged. The of the was so indented as to prevent its revolving. The had her two hundred pound Parrott gun disabled and, besides, night was coming on. The Admiral therefore signalized the fleet to retire and suddenly they fell back from a contest in which they were so tremendously overmatched; not, however, without leaving their mark behind. The northeast front of Fort Sumter, which was the only one exposed to our fire, was badly damaged. No loss than eleven boles, some of them three feet wide and two embrasures knocked into one, showed the effect of the Monitors guns. But that was all we effected — that and dissipation of a popular error that Charleston could be captured by nine or ten iron-clads. The signal to cease firing was given about 5 o'clock. It was obeyed, and the vessels fell back to the flag-ship, the parting shot being fired by the Nantucket as she passed Fort Wagner. And thus ended the most remarkable conflict that has ever taken place between war vessels and land fortifications — remarkable in this that the guns of the forty outnumbered by ten to one those of the vessels. And yet, after all, to what is our failure to be attributed! to the inpregnability of the land batteries or the weight and number of their guns? Only to a slight degree. The real instruments of our defeat were the apparently in significant and contemp of rope work and notting suspended the channel, and which kept, our vessels at a point on which the rebel guns had previously been concentrated.--Forts might have been passed and batteries silence; but these twining enemies, which like the serpants of coiled themselves around the motive machinery of our vessels and prevented the pray of their iron arms, were not to be got of by force. In their grasp our vessels were in And therefore the unfavorable result of the enterprise is not to be accepted as any rest of the relative powers of iron clads and land batteries. Without those obstructions, all the forts that defended Charleston, from Lighthouse Point to Castle Pinckney, would have been insufficient to stop our Monitors from anchoring off the Battery at Charleston. It has been calculated that some 3,500 rounds were fired by the rebels. In one minute there were one hundred and sixty counted. On our side there were but one hundred and fifty shots fired in all, so that the rebels fired over twenty shots to our one. The Keckuk only fired three shots before the received her death wound. The Captains of the iron clads met in the evening on board the flagship, and I understand that there was but one opinion among them as to the question of abandoning or renewing the conflict, and that was against renewing it at present. Besides the impediments which had to be contended with yesterday, similar obstructions could be seen higher up the harbor. The space between Fort Ripley and Fort Johnson was barrel with a triple row of piles like these between Fort Sumter and Cumminge's Point only in the centre there was observed an opening at which it is said there is a torpedo set, loaded with the enormous charge of five thousand pounds of gunpowder. And yet the capture of Charleston is by no means abandoned, only there must be more powerful means used. The Admiral heard the opinion of his various officers, with which his own evidently coincided. --he did not, however, announce any decision; but to-day he declared his intention of withdrawing from the attack for the present. The injured iron clads have been sent to Port Royal. The remainder will follow as soon at may be. The Keckuk went down this morning about 8 o'clock her crew having been first taken off by the tug Dandesion and placed on board the Ironsides