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The War.

Incidents in Frederick, Md.--a visit from Exiles.

A letter to the Philadelphia Inquirer gives an account of the first entry (of this campaign) of the Confederate troops into Maryland. The party consisted of about 150 men, of the 1st Maryland cavalry, under Captain Davis, formerly of Baltimore. The day was wet and rainy. The letter says:

‘ About 25 of the rebel raiders dashed into the city, yelling and shouting, and brandishing their weapons. A reserved force of 125 men remained on the hill on the West side of the city, to prevent surprise, or be ready should an attack be made upon them by the Union troops. The party in the city scattered into small squads, riding round in every direction, searching for horses, Union soldiers, and making calls on their friends. They went to the U. S. Army general hospital and demanded its surrender. The hospital contained some 40 patients, sick and wounded soldiers, many of them with amputated limbs. Among them were four or five rebel soldiers. These were all paroled indiscriminately, and the rebel guard left. No oath was administered to the men, nor any list of their name given. They were mostly told to "consider themselves paroled, " and a promise was exacted from them to give no information which would injure the cause of the Southern Confederacy.

While this was going on, another party met, on the street, Surgeon T. H. Walker; of one of the hospitals, and seeing him in the Federal uniform, commanded him to halt, several raiders at the time drawing and cocking pistols at him to compel obedience. The doctor, before this, was doing some fast walking, but the threatening language and ugly looking weapons of the party soon brought him to a stand-still. Captain Davis came up, when Dr. Walker informed him he was a surgeon. Davis then said, "That's all right; consider yourself paroled," and rode off.

Thus the evening wore away till about 9 o'clock, when the party left the city and returned to the reserved posted on the hill outside. Before leaving, the rebels visited many of the stores, and bought liquor, cigars, and some small articles, for which they tendered payment in Richmond corporation notes and Georgia money. They made no attempt to take goods by force. They boasted they had plenty of "greenbacks" to pay for what they bought, but in no case that I could learn did they offer any in payment.

Sunday dawned bright and clear. The citizens were greatly alarmed, for they knew not what excesses the raiders might commit. The churches, of which there are several fine ones in the city, were all open as usual, but rather slimly attended. The Rev. Dr. Zachariah, of the German Reformed, prayed for "the President of the United States, and all others in authority, " while the rebels were racing and riding through the streets. At an early hour, a party of about the same number as on the previous day came in town, and commenced a search for horses.

The stores were all closed but the streets were alive with the citizens watching the doings of the Some of the citizens were very cable to them, and invited them to of refreshments, Capt. Davis, the , and was a gallant man among the ladies.

During this time others of the party were hunting up horses belonging to Union men, and they succeeded in getting some twenty-five or thirty of the best horses in the city. The raiders were well clothed, well mounted on fine horses, and armed with carbines and two or three revolves per man.

On Monday morning the rebels outside of the city left, going out towards Boonsboro'. In the morning Lieut. Col. Dorrell, 3d Delaware volunteers, and half a dozen others, mounted, came in from the Relay House on a scout. Finding the rebels gone, they returned Later in the day 56 men of the 2d United States regular cavalry, from the mouth of the Monocacy, came into the city; but, finding no enemy, they left town.

The paid was evidently an independent movement on the part of the rebels who were mostly Marylanders, to see their friends and relatives and steal horses. They had no artillery with them.

One of the most daring incidents of this raid was the capture of 28 head of fat cattle, on Monday, near Mount Airy, 14 miles from here. The party of rebels who went to that point comprised only four or five men. One of these was the Bill Dorsey who was such a favorite with the ladies at Frederick. He and one man, learning that a drove of fat cattle was being driven to Baltimore for safety, overtook them near Mount Airy. Dorsey and his colleague, by threats of shooting the two men driving the cattle, compelled them to turn back, and the whole drove was taken back towards Frederick on the turnpike road.

On approaching the city he made a detour of two or three miles, going round the city, and absolutely succeeded in getting the whole lot safely to Middletown, and thence into the rebel lines beyond Boonsboro' the same night. This was done while the 2d United States cavalry detachment was in Frederick, but the officers knew nothing of the affair until it was over.

The Confederate Government and foreign Consult — Representations made at European Courts.

The Washington correspondent of the New York Tribune asserts (on the 24th ult.) that in their Paris dispatches the United States Government has received correspondence which states that Messrs. Masan and Slidell, having exhausted all argument for the recognition of the Southern Confederacy without success, have determined to assert its independence as regards its relations with other countries, in such a way as to make that recognition necessary to the interests of foreign Powers, with out alienating their good will. The correspondent adds:

‘ A note has been forwarded by Mr. Benjamin, the rebel Secretary of state at Richmond, to the agents of the confederacy abroad, with instructions to communicate it to the principal Powers of Europe. The contents of these notes are substantially these: The interests and the wishes of the Confederate Government, it is said, are to cultivate amicable relations with all the Powers of the continent, and to offer them a generous participation in all the benefits of a free, commercial, industrial, and social intercourse with the South. But while this Government entertains the warmest sympathy with the nations of the Old World, and desires to invite it to a mare of the wealth of the New, it must not forget that there are certain duties intimately connected with its safety and dignity which it would be wrong to ignore or overlook. Such are, for instance, the duties imposed upon it by the presence of the European Consuls all over the Southern Confederacy. These gentlemen have been, since the beginning of the war, placed in a position which, by the very nature of things, conflicted with the rights, if not with the existence, of the Confederacy; and although, in the generality of cause, they have acted with prudence wisdom, it has been impossible for them void obeying instructions proceeding a country with which we are at war, and aring, sometimes, traces of an influence to us and to our independence.

In order to put an end to this state of things, says the note, and in a very irregular position, the Confederacy Government has decided that foreign Consuls would only be in the capacity of naval agents, should be confined to the transactions resulting from the arrival and clearance of vessels, and to their crews. It will be seen that in doing this the Confederate Government does not divest the foreign Consuls of any of their legitimate duties, but prevents them only from exercising certain other assumed diplomatic functions which the new condition in which they were placed had rendered necessary.

The note concluded by stating that foreign Cabinets must not look upon this measure as indicating an intention on the part of the Confederate Government to resent in any way the refusal of its recognition by them, but simply as a step dictated by prudence.--Foreign Consuls in the South receiving their instructions from a country where they are submitted to influences adverse to the maintenance of the independence of the Confederacy, it has been deemed altogether wise and politic to put an end to these influences by limiting the functions of the office through which it was exercised, and to assert thereby the right and power of the Confederacy to settle her own affairs. It has also been decided, says the note, that the right of prosaction of foreign residents will be exercised by the Confederate Government, and its agents through the Confederacy until foreign Powers put an end to this anomalous state of things by receiving it in the councils of nations.

This note, I am informed, has been sent to Messrs. Mason and Slidell, with instructions to communicate it to all the European Cabinets.

The destruction of the cutter Cushing.

The following is an extract copied from the private note book found upon L. Reld, of the Tacony, when he was captured at Portland. It was written on the night of June 24th:

"The latest news from Yankeedom tells us that there are over twenty gunboats in search of us. They have the description of the Tacony, and overhaul every vessel that resembles her. During the night we transferred all our crew on board the schooner Archer, and at 2 A. M. set fire to the Tacony and steered west. The schooner Archer is a fishing vessel of 90 tons, sails well, and is easily hundred. No Yankee gunboat would ever dream of suspecting us. I, therefore, think that we will dodge our pursuers for a short time. It is my intention to go along the coast, with the view of burning the shipping in some exposed harbor, and of cutting out a steamer."

L. P. Jewett, the Yankee Collector of the Port at Portland, Me., telegraphed the following about the affair to Washington. It contains a few particulars not yet printed.

They intended to burn the two gunboats here, transfer the anchors and armament to the cutter, and burn and destroy on the coast of Maine. The men are in Port guard. Lieut. C. W. Reed, of the Confederate Navy, was in command, and is a prisoner.

The crew of the cutter seemed to have escaped before she was blown up, in the boats probably, to a schooner near by, as the Forest City chased one down towards Green Island, caught her, and is towing her in.

The Forest City had only 12 pounders, I understand, and the Chesapeake only 6 pounders; but their intention was to run the cutter down at once, as they had no match for her and her 32 pounders. The Che was manned by 27 men, of the 7th Maine regiment, under Col. Mason, together with company A, State Guards, and city company B, all of which were ready with full rains in half an hour, and also by as many armed citizens as could be conveniently taken, who volunteered with enthusiasm. Capt. Lighter, the Government inspector overseeing and building gunboats here, took charge of the Chesapeake battery. Capt. Willets commanded and Capt. Liscomb the Forest City.

Vallandigham and his New York the withdrawal of New Jersey from Pennsylvania.

The New York correspondent of the Philadelphia Inquirer, writing on the 24th ult.; says:

‘ The steamship British Queen is the next packet due from Nassau, N. P., and a certain class of politicians among us are chuckling over the chances of Clement L. Vallandigham being a passenger. It is, of course, impossible to say upon what grounds that expectation ascertaining ceeded in communicating with this city since his exit to Dixie, but this much you may rely upon: Preparation have been made to receive him in a public man or should he arrive in the British Queen. I must not be supposed that all Democrat concur in the propriety of a demonstration of that land, in favor of such a man, at such a time. On the contrary, many of them wish him in Davy Jones's locker; or, it not there, that he will go from Nassau to Halifax, or anywhere than to New York, though, at the same they say that if chance should really back here they would have no to "stand by him." The reception are understood to be in communication with a high official functionary at Albany on the subject, but his views as to what ought to be done when Vallandigham arrives have not yet been disclosed.

The action of Governor Parker of New Jersey, in recalling the regiment dispatched from that State to Harrisburg, to the rebel invasion, is the occasion of much remark in military and political circles. The ing opinion is, that the Governor need not have been in so unseemly a hurry to master the men out of the service, seeing that, even while he was writing the proclamation to that effect, the Harrisburg telegrams must have informed him that the danger of a rebel invasion was now more threatening than ever.

Grand Gulf to be evacuated — the movement against Grant's Communications.

A letter from Grand Gulf, Miss., of the 9th inst., to the Madison (Wisconsin) Journal, referring to the movements of the 12th Wisconsin regiment, says:

‘ We have orders to join our division at Vicksburg, and with this end in view all negroes, horses, mules and extras have been sent up the river, and most likely we shall leave here ourselves in a day or two. This point seem to be destined for complete evacuation by our forces, but a surveillance by gunboats will be kept up to prevent reoccupation by the rebels Since General Grant opened his bast of supplies at Memphis, and encircled the stronghold of the rebels from Haines's Bluff, to Warrenton, this point has lost its grand importance as the key to Vicksburg, while it lies exposed to attacks from both sides of the river.

A few days ago the rebel General Dick Taylor, with a division of troops from Alexandria, La., and General Walker's Texas division, passed by this point up the river. It is believed that a force from Little Rock, Arkansas, is massing preparatory to an attack on the river to cut off Grant's communication with Memphis, and compel him to raise the siege; but all the rebel movements are closely watched and doubtless will be frustrated.

Confederate fare in South Carolina.

The Richmond correspondent of the London Standard writes that paper an account of his visit to the fortifications at Charleston.--He says:

‘ I was received, in the absence of the General, by members of his staff, assured heartily of their pleasure at my arrival amongst them as a representative of the English press, and, after the Southern mode of expressing welcome and good will, invited to join, notwithstanding the efficiency of the blockade, in "a drink" of brandy. An aide-de-camp for my guide, I was admitted, after a routine of challenges and countersigns, into the secrets of the defences of the Stone, and enabled to make a full examination of one of their principal works, Fort Pemberton. Arrived, after nightfall, at the quarters of my hosts, we sat down to supper in a tent furnished with four camp stools and a rough contrivance that answered the uses of a table. Delicacy would forbid me from referring to the fare of my messmates of the moment if to accept that bidding were not to deprive me of the pleasure of expressing publicly my admiration for the heirless with which they submit cheerfully to all privations in the cause which they held to be that of liberty and law, of house and country. Indian corn bread, fat bacon, and a certain substitute for tea, constituted our fare, and were made very acceptable by pleasant conservation and hearty hospitality. The tea on this occasion was made of leaves gathered on the island from a plant known among its aboriginal inhabitants as the youpon, a that, if not identical with, is at least possessed of many points of resemblance to that favorite of the South Americans, Paraguayan mate. This fare that of the officers, what must be that of the rank and file, and how must be the patriotism that, under the circumstances implied in that question, can, in face of the best fed and caparisoned of armies, astonish the world with its deeds of arms?

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