From the North.
Yankee account of affair at Fredericksburg.A correspondent of the N. Y. Herald, writing from Fredericksburg, Va. July 5th, says the Fourth of July was celebrated with ‘"great rest"’ by the soldiers there. He says: ‘ The day was ushered in with salves of artillery, every flag obtainable was displayed and no demonstration of patriotism . While the officers drank fourth the privates vied with each other in rendering"Hall Columbia" and other national airs, the bands tooted till the great exhaustion of lung and muscle rendered further strains excruciation, and torpedoes and fire crackers rattled back a noisy and defiant echo in the cannon, whose thunders shook the staid old town of Fredericksburg until windows rattled like the chattering teeth of Harry Gill. In the afternoon the troops were drawn up in the form of a hollow square, and left to the enjoyment of such sport as the ingenious might devise. First came a mule race. A large track was laid out, an army wagon into a judge's at twenty- four of the long eared quadrupeds arrayed in due form, and at the word "go," sent better skelter round the circle, while every one rushed for a place of safety from the peals of the astonished abuttals, whose riders, one another fumbled off with an agility that would have done honor to Dan Rice in his palmiest days. Thus the fun was kept up till night, but when twilight had crept over the scene, every man was in his quarters, quiet, orderly and steady, ready for the duties of the soldier, and prepared, if need be, to march upon rebeldom. At the headquarters of Gen. King a large number of officers collected during the ing and the play of our works soon attracted an immense through of volunteers, who, accompanied by their officers flecked from every direction. At the conclusion of the pyrotechnic display the troops set up a prolonged shout for Gen. King, who at length appeared upon the porch and, in a neat and stirring speech, expressed his pleasure at his return to his old division, his confidence in their soldierly qualities and the hope of the utter and immediate downfall of the Confederate States. Other officers followed, and the crowd, after rounds of cheers for their General, the Union and McClellan again returned to camp. Nothing has occasioned more surprise in the citizens of Fredericksburg than the behavior of our troops upon such an occasion as this. Their gentlemanly conduct in the execution of orders seemed a miracle to the Fredericksburg but that none should be intoxicated, and not a difficulty of any character occur, with thousands of soldiers turned out, with no restraint upon their actions save their own sense of propriety, seems to the deluded inhabitants wonderful indeed, and has elevated the Yankees more in their estimation than any other plan that could have been designed. This morning the lry captured four rebels on duty about twenty miles from the city, on the telegraph road to Richmond. In the attempt one rebel was killed and several of the horses wounded, but our men all escaped without injury. The prisoners belonged to the militia, and express a readiness to take the oath of allegiance, as they desire to return to their farms. They profess great ignorance of rebel operations, and could give no information concerning the number of troops in their immediate vicinity, though they thought there were none save a squadron of cavalry, encamped a short distance from the picket. The men were armed with double barrelled shot guns, revolvers and sabres, and were well mounted and clothed, though there was little if any similarity in their dress, each man apparently having fitted himself out in his own style. This is the first time we have found the enemy since their retreat from before Fredericksburg, and nothing yet can be heard from them upon either the Bowling run or Gord Moville plank road. The rebel cavalry occasionally dash through the country outside our lines, and have made one or two attempts recently to carry off loyal men, but without success. Our cavalry however, are on the lookout, and we shall either get another batch of rebels or effectually put a quietus upon such demonstrations. Yesterday Mayor Slaughter and Mr. John L. Marye, a prominent lawyer of Fredericksburg, started for Richmond to procure the release of General Reynolds, recently captured by the enemy before Richmond. General Reynolds was for a time Military Governor of Fredericksburg, and had won the esteem of the inhabitants, who, despite their Secession proclivities, could not avoid the conviction that life and property were fare safer under our rule than it had ever been under the away of the rebels. The above gentlemen were sent by the citizens, who appointed them a committee immediately upon learning the capture of the General, and do not prefer any claims upon the Confederate authorities by virtue of their official position in relation to municipal affairs. Several farmers from Maryland and elsewhere are here harvesting the abandoned grain of rebels on shares, though there is an immense amount of wheat which will never be touched. The railroad bridge has been again rebuilt and the trains cross as usual. The canal boat and pontoon bridge are also stretched across for the third time, and a large force is employed building a wire bridge upon the piers of the old Chatham bridge. This will escape all the floods, and doubtless remain long after the rebellion shall have been crushed. The prospect of a fight here remains as dubious as ever, though the citizens of Fredericksburg are confident that the rebels will have possession of the town in a few days. ’
French interference.The New York Herald is trembling over the naval preparations of France. It thinks if is the duty of the Secretary of the Navy to look well to our sea coast defences, that they are put in order, and to hasten the completion of the iron-clad vessels now in the course of construction or contracted for, and to see that none of them will prove a failure like the Galena, to be pierced by heavy metal as readily as if they were wooden walls. If he is not satisfied with the number size, or duality of the vessels now on hand, let him advise Congress to that effect, and call for more or better vessels. If war with France should find us not completely prepared with a navy equal to that of Napoleon, after the repeated warnings we have had of the danger of European intervention, the country will exact from Secretary Welles a terrible reckoning. The best way to prevent a foreign war is to be well prepared for it. --If the ruler of France sees that we are in a condition to repel his blows with interest he will be very slow to attack us, and, if he should, the nation will have the satisfaction of knowing that our flag will be borne triumphantly through the battle and the breeze. To be unprepared is to invite foreign aggression as well as domestic strife. Had our Government been properly prepared, even with a military force of thirty thousand men and a sufficient naval armament to capture and to hold Charleston, the rebellion would have been nipped in the bad, instead of being permitted to grow into such formidable proportions by delay that half a million of troops are now found to be insufficient to put it down. In point of land forces, when the three hundred thousand additional men called for by the President shall have been enrolled and organized, the Government will be equal to any emergency. Let the country be equally strong at sea, and there need be no fear for the result should the combined powers of Europe assail the American republic, the palladium of liberty and the hope of downtrodden humanity to the ends of the earth. In the struggle it will have the sympathies of the democracy of all Europe, if not their active aid by lighting up the flames of revolution.
McClellan's address to his troops.A letter to the Philadelphia Inquirer says no proclamation like that of McClellan to his troops has been issued since ‘"the plenty days of Napoleon."’ It adds: ‘ It created the greatest and most unbounded enthusiasm throughout the entire army. The men tossed their caps into the air, and hurrahed again a again until they were hoarse with jubilation. The sentence, "on this our nation's birthday, we declare to our foes, who are rebels against the best interests of mankind, that this army shall enter the Capital of the so-called Confederacy; that our National Constitution shall prevail, and that the Union, which can alone insure internal peace and external security to each State, must and shall be preserved, cost what it may in time, treasure, and blood," called forth the most rapturous demonstrations. The boys say "Little Mac" has got his back up now, and means to "go in." This suits them exactly. They have never entertained an idea that they were whipped, but with supreme reliance on McClellan's generalship they have fought all their battles, and felt that in every one they were the victors. A gentleman of high standing, and one who has had every advantage of ascertaining the morale of our army within the last few days, assures us that it feels able and willing to meet the enemy at any and all times. It has enjoyed comparative rest. It has been well purged of all cowards, and to-day McClellan gathers around him an army of veterans not inferior in courage and purpose to the old Imperial Guard of the Empire. At a meeting in Philadelphia it was Resolved, That we mean to stand by the Administration of President Lincoln, and our patriot armies and their commanders in the field (applause,) and sustain by all the means in our power every measure that may be necessary for the maintenance of the Government — the great object of our solicitude and the cynosure of every loyal citizen. Resolved, That we cordially adopt the patriotic sentiment of Major- General McClellan (terrific applause and cheers) expressed in his recent address to his invincible army, that those who are now waging war against the United States, are ‘"rebels against the best interest of mankind, and that our National Constitution shall prevail, and that the Union, which can alone insure internal peace Union, which can alone insure internal peace and external security to each State, must and shall be preserved, cost what it may in time, treasure, and blood."’ (Cheers and applause.) ’
The Confederate Losses.A letter to a Northern journal says that Richmond will be in McClellan's hands in a week. The Confederate loss was tremendous: ‘ The enemy have had their best regiments out to pieces. They have lost the flower of their troops. Their choleast were hurled upon our troops in the great effort to destroy us, and they were repulsed with horrid carnage. The fact that for the past five days they decline to meet, us in combat proves most disorganized they have become, and how terribly they have suffered. The Richmond papers acknowledge to a loss of eight thousand out of one division alone, which entered the battle fourteen thousand strong. It is but fair to presume that other divisions of their army were punished in like manner. They do act claim a victory, while they confees that McClellan gained his point. The whole South is clothed in mourning for those who have fallen before the unerring fire of our Union troops Scarce a village, town, or city, but was represented in the one hundred and eighty thousand men who, confident of victory, attacked the army of the Union, to fall in heaps before its murderous guns. Never again can Davis and Lee bring the same fiery and maddened forces against our invincible army. The Philadelphia Inquirer, on the authority of Major General Porter, says the loss on the Confederate side was seventy-five thousand. It very kindly goes on to show why our loss was so great. Their greater loss is due to the skillful manner in which McClellan selected the positions for battle, making the rebels in every instance the assaulting party, and to the excellent choice of spots for the concentration of artillery by our division general, moving them down as they advanced, like swathe of grain. They are also to be accounted for by the desperate advance of the rebels — due, it is said, in a very great degree to intoxication. Their canteens were filled with whiskey, and thus they rushed into action — and thousands into eternity — drunk. Lacking the ordinary prudence of sober men, even in battle they come forward in exposed masses, and were cut down like grass. Again, their very superiority in numbers gave our troops a denser mass upon which to fire, and gave to many a bullet a billet due to the crowd into which it was sent. But mainly is the dreadful punishment inflicted on the enemy due to the splendid fighting of our noble troops, and the skillful and gallant style in which they were handled by their able Generals. ’
The movements of Gen. Burnside.The New York Herald, of the 9th noticing Gen. Burnside, who is now shelling some little towns in North Carolina says: ‘ With regard to the movements of Gen. Burnside, which were somewhat mysterious heretofore, we learn that two divisions of his army were on shipboard and had actually started to join Gen. McClellan's army ten days ago. The expedition it appears, was hearing Hatteras when a boat from Roanoke Island, with dispatches for Gen. Burnside, containing the intelligence that Gen. McClellan's army was in Richmond, intercepted the fleet Upon this information the troops were ordered back to Newbern, and a boat was sent to Fortress Monroe to obtain positive information. The return of the boat brought the true story, and matters were arranged accordingly. Had the first story proved true. Burnside's army would no doubt, have marched inland to prevent the retreat of the rebel army — a duty which is only postponed for another day. In the meantime, we may ask, who is responsible for sending this false report? The flag boat of Gen. Burnside, however, which is no doubt, but a short way in advance of his fleet and army, arrived at Fortress Monroe at 2 o'clock on Monday afternoon. So that we will, unquestionably, hear from him very soon, to the advantage of the Union arms on the peninsula. ’
Virginia, ending with the latest and greatest of all — the retreat of Gen. McClellan's army before superior numbers — is well calculated to stir the national heart to the depths. The whole country is roused, and every body inquires what is the cause of the misfortunes. The blame does not rest with the brave troops who have been sacrificed, fighting like heroes, not with the General, who, at the outset, said he would do the best he could with the small number of troops entrusted to him, but with the imbecility of the Navy and the War Departments. It was General McClellan's purpose to proceed up the James river at first; but over incompetent Navy Department was unable to clear it for him, notwithstanding the immense number of vessels at the command of Commodore Goldsborough. The Merrimac was permitted to control the waters of the James river till it was too late, and the rebels had possession of the strong points on its banks.--Had the river been under control of our fleet when Gen. McClellan was ordered to march up the York peninsula, a very different story would be told to-day. The James would have been his basis of operations from the beginning, instead of the York and the Pamunkey; and, supported by the gunboats, he would have been in Richmond a month ago. The War Department cut up and divided McClellan's army in despite of all his remonstrances, sending one portion here and another there, in order to give position and consequence to political Generals, while the rebels concentrated their whole force around Richmond.--the, decisive of the theatre of war. The result was a serious reverse to our arms. If this blow had been brought about by design on the part of our high officials, it could hardly have been more disastrous. That the radicals intended to have McClellan repulsed on the Chickahominy, as they caused Banks to be repulsed on the Shenandoah, there cannot exist a doubt. But there is something still worse to be apprehended. The news of the disaster has gone to Europe, and upon its heels will probably follow intervention on the part of France and England, if not of all the maritime powers of Europe. The practical question is, what ought to be flow done in the crisis that is upon us. The first thing the people ought to do is to demand the removal of the imbeciles from the Navy and War Department, who have brought such disgrace upon our arms. The next most essential thing is to secure the coast from the Rio Grande to the Kennebec.--to strengthen the fortifications already in existence, and to add new works wherever they may be needed, and, lastly, to organize a home guard to man the artillery, and practice constantly at the guns. In the meantime the fleet of gunboats ought to be made stronger, and the new iron-clad vessels ought to be hastened to completion. Lastly, 1st the 300,000 men called for by the President be speedily enrolled, organized, and brought into the field. Thus prepared for the powers disposed to intervene, they may shrink back from the consequences, or should they be rash enough to assail us, we can retaliate upon them with terrible vengeance. Not only can we wrest from them every foot of soil on this continent, and on all the islands which belong to it, but we can carry the war into Europe. There are plenty of Irishmen throughout the Northern States who want to go to Ireland with arms in their hands. Then, if the country is forcibly broken up by foreign interference, the loss of American bonds, amounting to six or eight millions of dollars, due to English capitalists, is inevitable. If the republic is divided it is no longer the United States, and the question is which half of it will be responsible to foreign countries for the common debt.--Among the dangers, too, of European Powers will be revolution at home, organized by the Democracy in sympathy with the United States. Such are some of the difficulties involved in the meddling of European nations with our domestic affairs. Yet there is too much reason to believe that they meditate intervention, and that they will attempt it if our statesmen are not careful and energetic. Our people should be prepared for this emergency. It is extremely probable that they will make the recent disaster in Virginia an excuse for the recognition of the independence of the so-called Confederate States, and that step would involve consequences of the most tremendous character. Our citizens should hold a great public meeting, where the voice of the people could be heard and the conservative strength and power of this metropolis made manifest. Another article in the Herald winces after this fashion: Tax bills, currency bills, Treasury notes, a bankrupt bill, tariff bills, &c., &c., are coming upon us in their full force, combining depletion on a large scale, and some little relief withal. The late events near Richmond indicate another years war, and an additional debt of five hundred millions to our late calculations, to say nothing of the chances of European intervention. Let us brace ourselves up to the work; but let the Administration buckles to with a vigorous and united Cabinet, and the country will stand the ordeal and come out of it triumphantly.