Latest from the North.
We have received, through the courtesy of Hon. Robt. Ould
of Exchange, files of Northern papers of Saturday last, the 11th inst., Lincoln
made a brief speech in Washington
Tuesday night upon the news of the fall of Vicksburg
He congratulated the crowd who serenaded on the fact that "on the 4th of July the cohorts of those who opposed the declaration that all men were created equal 'turned tail' and run. " He concluded by saying: "Having said this much, I will now take the music. " The New York Herald
says ‘"the indications are that the Government
will demand under the conscription law about 400,000 men."’ This draft is apportioned among the loyal States east of the Rocky Mountains
, and we find West Virginia
set down in the apportionment for 6,660 men, Kentucky
11,000, and Missouri
All the New York and Brooklyn
militia regiments that went to Harrisburg
are now in the Army of the Potomac.
The fall of Vicksburg--account of the surrender demonstrations at the North.
The surrender of Vicksburg
was received with the most extravagant demonstrations at the North
in person to communicate Porter
's dispatch, and 200 guns were fired in Washington
At Burlington, N. J.
, 100 guns were fired and the church bells rung.
In New York city the town was bedizened with flags.
, and Robuster, N. Y., the bell-ringing, cannon-firing, and fireworks, was freely indulged.
The militia turned out to celebrate the victory of the regulars.
Thirty locomotives were started to whistling at Hornersville
, and at Bridgeport, Conn.
, P. T. Barnum
made a speech.
, and Ohio
, hilarious demonstrations took place.
the newspaper offices were illuminated.
The news of the capture of Vicksburg
was sent forth to the inhabitants of Philadelphia
by the loud peals of the State House
bell, about two o'clock yesterday afternoon.
Thousands of anxious persons rushed towards the State House
as the bell continued ringing.
The firemen, with their apparatus, were also drawn together, and for about a half hour the greatest enthusiasm pervaded the surrounding streets.
On learning the cause of the bell being rung the anxious faces of the multitude changed to that of cheerfulness, and loud cheers were given.
Persons on meeting congratulated each other by the shaking of hands and giving utterances of gratitude for the bright hope that the speedy termination of the rebellion was near at hand.
During the afternoon a band of music was stationed in the steeple of the State House
, where they played "Old Hundred," "The Star-Spangled Banner," and "John Brown
's Body Lies Mouldering in the Grave." A large meeting was held in front of the State House
. The Rev. Dr. Brainerd
opened the proceedings with prayer, giving thanks to the Almighty for the good news and the bright prospect of a speedy termination of the rebellion.
Addresses were also made by several gentlemen, appropriate to the interesting occasion.
During the afternoon the steam engine belonging to the Good Will-Fire Company
passed through the streets, decorated with miniature American flags, and having in front a large broom, intending to convey the idea of sweeping out the foul rebellion from the sacred inclosure of the Union
As the engine passed along the steam was constantly whistling, which formed the music for the occasion.
The Fairmont Steam Fire Engine Company had the bell in the cupola of their house rung in honor of the good news from Grant
's army, and a small cannon was placed in front of their house, from which a number of salutes were fired.
Bands of music passed through the streets followed by large crowds of delighted citizens.
In the evening fireworks were displayed in different parts of the city, and the scene partook more of the appearance of a Fourth of July evening than of any other occasion.
The occasion will long be remembered by the citizens of Philadelphia
A dispatch to the New York Tribune
, dated near Vicksburg
, July 3d says:
At 8 this morning flags of truce appeared before A. J. Smith
's front, when Major-Gen. Bowen
and Col. Montgomery
were led blindfolded into our lines.
They bore a communication from Gen. Pemberton
of the following purport:
"Although I feel confident of my ability to resist your arms indefinitely, in order to stop the further effusion of blood, I propose that you appoint three Commissioners, to meet three whom I shall select, to arrange such terms as may best accomplish the result."
soon replied substantially in these words:
"The appointment of Commissioners is unnecessary.
While I should be glad to stop any unnecessary effusion of blood, the only terms which I can entertain are those of unconditional surrender.
At the same time, myself and men and officers of this army are ready to testify to the distinguished gallantry with which the defence of Vicksburg
has been conducted."
At 11 o'clock the messengers returned.
This afternoon Gen. Grant
met Gen. Pemberton
between the lines, and after an hour's consultation settled the surrender.
urged that the soldiers might be paroled here and furnished rations to carry them to their lines; in view of the bravery they have displayed and the advantages of the plan, Gen. Grant
The number of prisoners, wounded, &c., it is said, will be 18,000, of which 12,000 are in fighting condition now. The immediate cause of surrender is exhaustion of supplies and ammunition, and the failure of Johnston
to come to their aid. At daylight our whole army will enter triumphantly and celebrate the doubly glorious anniversary.
Not a shot has been fired since 8 o'clock from our lines, except from the river mortars.
A general interchange of civilities extends all along the lines.
Another correspondent adds:
Officers accompanying the flag of truce have indicated by their conversation that all that has been written and published in the North
concerning the suffering of the rebels in Vicksburg
has been but half the truth.
There are about 22,000 people in Vicksburg
, 10,000 of whom are efficient soldiers.
Our army will take possession to-morrow morning.
The surrender is just in time to save both armies from the loss and destruction of life which would have attended an attempt to carry the works of the enemy by storm, as such an attempt had been determined on for the to-morrow morning.
Not having been allowed an inside view before the departure of the dispatch-boat, I cannot give such interesting details as may be desired.
, of the Special Post Office Department, will on the 5th establish a Post Office in Vicksburg
The Coming battle in Maryland--Preliminary fighting — the ground for the Grand conflict.
The Northern papers are all looking forward to the pitched battle momentarily expected in Maryland
, and have ceased to boast over the Gettysburg
fight as a rout for Lee
, or of the immense amount of fire arms they took.
All this has vanished into thin air. On Wednesday last, the Herald
', but were driven back to the town.
This is all the severe fighting which is mentioned as having taken place since Lee
The old battle ground of Antietam
and the crossing at Shepherdstown
are included within the Confederate
, they say, is strongly fortified at Hagerstown
, and holds both bridges over Antietam creek
What was supposed to be his wagon trains crossing the Potomac
, turns out to have been the long trains filled with the "plunder" taken from Pennsylvania
A fight commenced at Funktown, Md., five miles from Hagerstown
, Friday afternoon, at 2 o'clock, in which Buford
's and Kilpatrick
's cavalry and the 11th corps of infantry was engaged.--The Yankees
claim the result as a partial success to them.
The latest dispatch we find in the Philadelphia Inquirer
of the 11th.
It is dated at Harrisburg
, midnight of the night before, and is such a mass of lying braggadocio that not much can be gotten out of it:
No passes to any points beyond Greencastle
were granted to citizens under any pretence whatever, and it was utterly impossible to reach our outposts.
Cannonading was heard all along the line during the day, but no general engagement had taken place.
was at Hagerstown
were holding the place with a large force, and are fortifying the eminences around the town.
The rebel line extends from a point east of Hagerstown
to beyond St. Paul
, on the National turnpike
The bridges over Antietam creek
have all been destroyed, and the rebels are in position on the other side, fortifying.
Our cavalry are scouring the country and capturing rebel wagon trains.
Over three hundred wagons, well loaded, were captured yesterday by Capt. Boyd
Some have escaped over the Potomac
, which is still very high.
It is believed that all the bridges on the Shenandoah
route to Richmond
have been destroyed by our cavalry forces in Virginia
Our militia, under Gen. Smith
, had a regular fight with a portion of the enemy at Waynesboro
' last night.
The action lasted for half an hour.
troops fought bravely.
The rebels finally retired to their main body.
Late in the night a considerable body of rebels attempted to cross the Potomac
, but with frightful loss of life, they succeeded in getting about fifty horses safe over the river.
Nothing is definitely known of the number of rebels this side of the Potomac
, or of the amount of ammunition in their possession.--But it is generally believed, from the preparations making, that they will fight with the utmost desperation before surrender.
A general engagement is momentarily expected.
From a Union citizen who escaped from Hagerstown
your messenger learned that the greatest confusion, pillage, and destruction prevails there.
Citizens are ruthlessly shot down in the streets for paltry sums of money in their possession.
The Union women are very bitter, and do not hesitate to enter their earnest protests against the outrages committed, and to express their contempt for the robbers.
threatened to shoot several ladies for the warmth with which they ventured to express their opinions.
The women of Secession proclivities are as bitter on the other side.
Men, and residents of Hagerstown
, are not wanting to show the way of the rebels to hidden treasures.
The rebel soldiery are very rough in their behavior.
Property of all kinds is taken without scruple.
Port-holes are cut through houses, horses are stolen in great numbers, while the farmers with their stock are migrating in all directions.
correspondent of the New York Herald
writes that from all the facts he can gather, the following is the truth about Gen. Lee
's departure from Gettysburg
The movement of Gen. Lee
's columns from Gettysburg
, across the South Mountain
', was executed during the whole of Saturday in the manner indicated in my letter of yesterday (with one exception — namely, that none of the troops except Stuart
's cavalry passed through Emmettsburg, or so far South as that place, but moved by the roads North
of Emmettsburg)--that is to say, the march, though rapidly made, was executed in perfect order and without precipitation or the least confusion.
There was no such thing as "the mountains filled with stragglers from Lee
's disorganized army and the roads strewn with abandoned caissons, arms and baggage." There were very few stragglers and no disorganisation, owing to the perfect discipline which Gen. Lee
has always maintained.
At two o'clock on Sunday morning, July 5, Gen. Stuart
's cavalry reached Emmettsburg, and began to enter the place.
They passed directly through, without stopping, on a fast walk, and took the road towards Hagerstown
The stream of cavalry continued to flow, in a steady column, four abreast, until eleven or twelve o'clock at noon, by which time they had all left.
A number of persons counted them, and they all agreed in the general total, which was about 15,000 men. General Stuart
himself, with a number of his officers, stopped to breakfast at 8 o'clock and remained till 11.
It was during this time that my informants conversed with them.
My informants all inferred from what Stuart
's officers said, that it was General Lee
's design to move his columns along the crest of the South Mountain
as far down as Boonsboro
', leaving both Hagerstown
on his right, and to take up a position at or near the one he held at the old battle of Antietam
They were quite satisfied with the results of the battles near Gettysburg
, and spoke of General Lee
's present movement as a great strategic achievement, which, in the course of two or three days, would result in the utter defeat of the Union
Gen. Morgan in Indiana — great excitement There--Fifty thousand troops called out-- saw declared in Louisville.
That famous cavalry chief, General Morgan
has gone through Kentucky
and gotten into Indiana
, much to the terror of its inhabitants.
He crossed into Indiana
on the 7th, with cavalry, infantry, and artillery, to the number of 8,000 men, and captured Corydon
, a town about 25 miles from Louisville, Ky.
, It was formerly the capital of Indiana
. Gov. Morton
, of Indiana
, immediately issued a proclamation, calling for 50,000 men, and declared martial law in the border counties.
, 125 miles from Corydon
a Michigan regiment had arrived with a battery of artillery' and on the night of the 9th, eleven regiments, aggregating 4,700 men, with ten pieces of artillery, passed through Louisville
, en route to relieve Gov. Morton
A dispatch from Louisville
, dated the 8th, says:
There was a meeting of the citizens to night to take measures to provide for the defence of the city.
It was addressed by Gen. Boyle
, who stated that, although there was no immediate apprehension of danger, it was necessary that measures should be taken to organize the citizens for its defence.
The matter was submitted to the Council, which met this morning, when the following resolution was passed by the meeting:
"That all male citizens between the ages of 18 and 45 be enrolled in companies for service if required and that all such who refuse shall be sent North
is determined to carry out this resolution vigorously, and the enrollment will immediately commence.
We have the usual reports of the iniquitousness of Morgan
's forces; but the reports are considered the fancies of an excited people.
No considerable number of armed rebels are known to be near our city.
's forces were crossing the Tennessee river
, near Chattanooga
Small squads of rebel cavalry are along the line of the Frankfort railroad.
Another dispatch, dated Louisville
, the 10th says that martial law was proclaimed in flat city on that day. Morgan
was advancing on New Albany fifteen miles from Corydon
, and the Federal
under Gen. Hebeon
were pursuing him.
New Albany, threatened by this raid of Morgan
's, is the largest city in Indiana
, having a population of some eighteen thousand.
It is famous for steamboat building, and its iron foundries and machine shops.
A heavy wholesale business is transacted at this point, in dry goods
and merchandize of all kinds, and New Albany has always been considered the most prosperous city on the Ohio River
, with the exception of Louisville
will find rich spoil in the place, provided he moves with such rapidity as to arrive there before its valuables can be removed to a more secure spot.
, the Assistant United States Secretary of the Interior
, has his residence in New Albany.
The excitement in Washington city
was very great when it got noised abroad that the Vice President
of the Confederate States
was applying for permission to visit that city on official business.
The rumor immediately obtained that he was the bearer of propositions of peace, and the Yankees
were wild with delight.
The fact that "Mr. Stephens
was the bearer of a proposition for an armistice" was immediately telegraphed to the Northern
A Washington telegram, of the 8th, in the New York Herald
came down the James river
on the Torpedo
and not the Dragon
, and were halted by our picket boat near White Shoal light house, about fourteen miles from Newport News Mr. Stephens
stated that he had important dispatches for the President
of the United States
, and wished to go down the James river
and communicate with the officer commanding the fleet.
The officer in charge of the picket boat informed Mr. Stephens
that any communication he might have would be delivered to Admiral Lee
, but the Torpedo
could not proceed further inside of our lines.
hereupon handed the Captain
of the picket boat two packages addressed to Admiral Lee
and the commanding officer
of the forces at Fortress Monroe
In the absence of General Dix
from this post, Colonel Ludlow
telegraphed the substance of the communication to Washington
, as also did Admiral Lee
. Mr. Stephens
was accredited as "Military Commissioner
" of Jefferson Davis
, Commander in Chief
of the Army and Navy of the Confederate States
, to President A. Lincoln
, Commander in Chief
of the Army and Navy of the United States
, and requested permission from the military authorities to proceed, directly to Washington
for the purpose of presenting his letters to and conferring with Mr. Lincoln
in person upon matters connected therewith.
--After a delay of forty eight hours an answer was received by Colonel Ludlow
that Mr. Stephens
's request was inadmissible.
It was as follows:
The request of Alexander H. Stephens
is in admissible.
The customary agents and channels are adequate for all needful military communication and conference between the United States forces and the insurgents.
communicated the answer of the Government
in person to Mr. Stephens
on Monday, and spent some time on board of the rebel tug on business concerning exchanges with Mr. Ould
It is surmised (and I have every confidence in its truth) that Mr. Stephens
was the bearer of propositions for an armistice, and that this time was selected because of the panic caused by the invasion of Pennsylvania
, and before any decisive battle had been fought to make said request.
There is no doubt but that Mr. Stephens
was greatly disappointed with the result of his mission.
The answer of our Government was eminently proper.
To have received him would have been a virtual acknowledgment of what the Confederacy
claimed to be and if he had been permitted to go to Washington
it would have seriously embarrassed our Government, by making propositions that would have called for Cabinet discussions.
dispatch says: ‘"Admiral Lee
was instructed to ascertain, if possible, the object of their mission."’ This is a mistake.
On the contrary, Admiral Lee
was admonished under no circumstances to hold any communication, with Messrs. Stephens
All intercourse with the rebels was prohibited until advices from the President
could be received, and when these came Col. Ludlow
at once proceeded on the Henry Burden
to the place where the Torpedo
was at anchor and there conferred with them.
The rebel boat did not leave without "any parting salutation or explanation, " but while awaiting the answer from Washington
merely cruised about the James river
beyond our lines.
parted with Messrs. Stephens
on amicable terms.
The Philadelphia Inquirer
sees a deep laid scheme concealed under this trip of Mr. Stephens
, it being nothing less than a plan to "declare" the Confederacy
Of course, if Stephens
had succeeded in getting to Washington
, he would have improved all the chances for opening negotiations on other subjects.
His contemplated visit was timed at a critical juncture.
had just made a formidable advance into the loyal States, and was threatening at once Harrisburg
, but Lee
himself was also in some peril.
If he should be defeated Stephens
would be in a situation to learn promptly the effect of such an event at the North
, and advise Davis
accordingly; but, on the other hand — and this was the confident expectation of the rebels — if Lee
had taken Washington
would have been in a favorable position to declare the "Confederacy" in Washington
, or to make a treaty, offensive and defensive, between Maryland
and the rebel authorities, as he did on a similar occasion between the rebel Provisional Government and Virginia
, in April, 1861. It will be remembered that he was conveniently at hand in Richmond
at that time.
We are satisfied that some trivial affair about prisoners or retaliation would have been put forward as the pretext for his visit, but it was timed at such an important period, that we feel confident that it was underlaid by some deep scheme.
It was doubtless for some such reason that the Government
packed him back.
He is much wiser by this time, both by way of Gettysburg
Lincoln Offers to release Vallandigham from Exile-the terms upon which he will do it.
The Committee of the Democratic Convention, which nominated Vallandigham
, addressed a letter to Lincoln
, demanding the revocation of his order exiting their candidate from the United States
has published a reply, of which the following is an extract:
I send you duplicates of this letter, in order that you, or a majority of you, may, if you choose, endorse your names upon one of them, and return it thus endorsed to me, with the understanding that those signing are thereby committed to the following propositions, and to nothing else:
That there is now a rebellion in the United State, the object and tendency of which is to destroy the National Union; and that, in your opinion, an army and navy are constitutional means for suppressing that rebellion.
- 2. That no one of you will do anything which, in his own judgment, will tend to hinder the increase, or favor the decrease, or lesson the efficiency of the army or navy while engaged in the effort to suppress the rebellion, and.
That each of you will, in his sphere, do all he can to have the officers, soldiers, and seamen, of the army and navy, while engaged in the effort to suppress the rebellion, paid, fed, clad, and otherwise well provided for and supported.
And with the further understanding that upon receiving the letter and name thus endorsed, I will cause them to be published, which publication shall be within itself, a revocation of the order in relation to Mr. Vallandigham
It will not escape observation that I consent to the release of Mr. Vallandigham
upon terms not embracing any pledge from him or from others, as to what he will or will not do. I do this because he is not here to speak for himself, or to authorize others to speak for him, and hence I shall expect, that on returning, he would not put himself practically in antagonism with the position of his friends.
But I do it chiefly because I thereby prevail on other influential gentlemen to so define their position as to be of immense value to the army — thus more than compensating for the consequences of any mistake in allowing Mr. Vallandigham
to return, so that on the whole the public safety will not have suffered by it. Still, in regard to Mr. Vallandigham
and all others, I must hereafter, as heretofore, do so much as the public service may seem to require.
A correspondent of the New York Tribune
, writing from the battle field of Gettysburg
, on the 6th inst., gives the following particulars of the death of Gen. Barksdale
Lieut. Col. Chas. E. Livingston
, of New York, A. I. G. on Major General Doubleday
's staff, on the night of Thursday, July 3, went out in the extreme front to discover if possible the body, he having been informed by a prisoner of the locality where Barksdale
The spot was about a quarter of a mile in advance of our pickets, and Col. Livingston
, with his small party of stretcher bearers, was once driven in by rebel scouts, but on a second attempt was so fortunate as to be successful — The body of the General
was found, life was not yet extinct, but his wound was a mortal one.
He was lifted upon the stretcher, and being a very heavy person, eight men were required to bear his weight.
He declared with his last breath that he was proud of the cause he died in fighting for, proud of the manner in which he had received his death wound, that the rebels were invincible, and although repulsed that day they were sure of victory on the morrow.
He left with Col. Livingston
his watch, pocket book, and other trinkets, to be sent to his friends in Mississippi
, as every one knows, was an extremely bitter Secessionist, who indulged in many and repeated threat previous to the war of the dissolution of the Union
The watch is a large gold one, elaborately chased, there are several articles of jewelry in addition to it.
The New York Herald
parades the following dispatch from Frederick, Md.
, giving what it claims to be the contents of some dispatches from President Davis
to Gen. Lee
, which were captured by the Federal
The idea that Lee
wanted money to carry on the war in Pennsylvania
is particularly good after the little experiments of Ewell
in levying on the towns:
On the 1st instant Capt. Cline
, of the 31 Indiana
cavalry went to Greencastle
and captured Lee
's private orderly and his entire escort, who had very important dispatches from Jeff Davis
to Gen. Lee
, together with orders to Lee
's various Generals
, muster and payrolls, and other army matter.
The most important of these papers was a letter from Jeff. Davis
to Gen. Lee
, and showed the weakness of the latter, and had a favorable effect upon the results which followed the battle of Gettysburg
The following are some of the points contained in the letter, which was dated Richmond
, June 29: Davis
feared his raid into Pennsylvania
was a great mistake.
It was an error to suppose that the Army of the Potomac had been so reduced by the discharge of the two years and nine months men as to make victory an easy matter.
The accessions to our army, by new troops and militia, were three times greater than our losses.
These facts, when the expedition was planned, were unknown.
It was utterly impossible to organize a reserve army at Culpeper
, as Lee
had suggested, owing to the fact that D. H. Hill
's command had been largely reduced reinforcing other points; and it was equally impossible to spare a single man from Beauregard
Horses were needed, Johnston
could not succeed against Grant
without them, and Davis
had fears for the fate of Vicksburg
was sorry he could not forward money to Lee
. The Quartermaster General
that he cannot send him supplies and ordnance without horses, and the campaign must be abandoned unless animals are immediately sent to Virginia
must also keep open a line of communication and retreat.
The Confederate Navy--a Yankee Cruiser Finds one of the Pirates and Runs from her.
The savages of the Confederate navy among the Yankee
fishing boats and merchantmen near the coast, have been very dreadful in the last week.
A New York paper, of Saturday last, publishes a list of forty one vessels which were gobbled up within he current week.-- The U. S. (chartered) steamer Ericsson
, with three guns, was sent out from New York on the 27th ult., and on the 8th inst., found what she was sent for — a pirate.
A writer on board gives the following result of the discovery:
She had an English ensign at her peak, and as soon as she had ascertained who we were she altered her course, heading straight for us, but in a short time again heading to the West
, as if anxious to try our speed.
Meanwhile, all hands were called to quarters, and everything necessary for fighting our ship got ready: the guns trained, and powder and shell passed up in a short time.
However, he again hauled to the eastward, passing us on our starboard how not more than half a mile distant from us, and we came to the conclusion that she must in reality be nothing more than she pretended to be — an English man-of-war — Just as she had ranged herself well on our starboard quarter a fog set in, nearly enveloping her from our sight, and almost instantaneously with the puff of white smoke that curried slowly above her, down came the English
colors, and the "stars and bars" floated in their place, and almost immediately afterwards the whizzing shriek of a rifled shell struck close to our vessel, making music enough for all of us, and, ricocheting, struck the rim of our foretop, and then plunged into the sea ahead.
This was immediately followed by two others, which struck close to us. What could we do?
Fighting her was out of the question, our armament consisting only of one 20 pounder Parrolt and two 12 pounder rifled howitzers, and as soon as the fog could clear up he would have lain out of the extremest point of our firing, and, like the Pope
, the game would have been entirely in his hands, and so-- nom de Dieu!
why do I hesitate to tell it?--we pursued the next wisest course, and steered to the south and west with a full head of steam on making ten knots by the fog. The fog lifted in about half an hour afterwards, and the privateer was seen standing across our stern, but no sooner did she see that we had taken to flight than she stood for us. But a stern chase is a long chase, and, notwithstanding that through the defect of a tube one of our boilers became useless — detracting a knot from our former speed — we steadily gained upon him. At five P. M. she distanced from us about five or six miles, when she gave up the chase and hauled to the southward.
Francis Patrick Kenrick, D. D.
, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Baltimore
, died in that city on Wednesday.
He was 66 years of age.
Among the officers captured by the Yankees
are one Lieutenant General
, four Major Generals
, and between fifteen and twenty. Brigadier Generals
The garrison comprised 20,000 men.
In Alexandria, Va.
, Thursday, all the Southern
sympathizers who refused to take the oath were assembled at the wharf to be sent South.
The order, however, was revoked after the steamer had her steam up, and the exiles were permitted to return home.
A Baltimore telegram, of the 8th inst., says: ‘"Nearly one thousand rebels, captured by General Kilpatrick
, arrived here this morning, including Brigadier General Jones
, a cavalry officer, and 51 commissioned officers."’
A son of Gen. Winder
was among the Confederate
prisoners who were carried into Harrisburg
on the 7th.
He was permitted to stop at a hotel.
A riot occurred between the Irish and negroes at Buffalo, N. Y.
, on the 7th, in which twelve negroes were badly beaten and two drowned.
Gold was quoted in New York on Friday at 132¾.
E. I. M. Stanton
, the U. S. Secretary
, visited the battle held of Gettysburg
on the 8th inst.
Business was suspended in St. Louis
on the announcement of the fall of Vicksburg
The returns in the U. S. Medical Director
's office show that since the war commended 135,000 soldiers had been discharged on surgeons' certificates.
This does not of course include any one whose time was out, but comprises those whose health and physical inability to be a soldier prevented them from being of service in the army.