Secret history of the subjugation of Maryland.the arrest and Imprisonment of her Legislature — arrangements for a Subsequent election — secret correspondence Showing the condition of Affairs in Maryland in '61--letters of spies and Informers, &c.
Among the most remarkable developments of the secret history of this war is the publication of the correspondence which attended the subjugation of Maryland. There are few citizens of the United States, lost as they are to the sense of liberty, who will not turn from reading it with an apprehensive thought of Seward and the "tinkle of the bell" at his right hand. We publish some extracts from this correspondence, which has been aired in nine columns of a New York paper. The letters form an important portion of the history of this revolution:
Relating to the arrest of the Maryland Legislature--letter from Simon Cameron in Relation to the Maryland Legislature.
Simon Cameron, Sec'y of War.
Major-Gen. N. P. Banks, commanding near Darnestown, Md.
Legislative Matters.[Confidential.] President, Secretaries of State, War, &c., it has been decided to effect the operation proposed for the 17th. Arrangements have been made to have a Government steamer at Annapolis to receive the prisoners and carry them to their destination. Some four or five of the chief men in the affair are to be arrested to-day. When they meet on the 17th you will please have everything prepared to arrest the whole party, and be sure that none escape. It is understood that you arranged with Gen. Dix and Gov. Seward the modus operandi. It has been intimated to me that the meeting might take place on the 14th.--Please be prepared. I would be glad to have you advise me frequently of your arrangements in regard to this very important matter. If it is successfully carried out, it will go far towards breaking the backbone of the rebellion. It would probably be well to have a special train quietly prepared to take the prisoners to Annapolis. I leave this exceedingly important affair to your tact and discretion, and have but one thing to impress upon you — the absolute necessity of secrecy and success.
Geo B. McClellan,
Major-General U. S. A.
Letter from R. B. Marcy, Chief of Staff.
Washington, Sept. 12, 1861.
Major-Gen. N. P. Banks, commanding near Darnestown, Md. General:
R B. Marcy,
Col. and Chief of Staff.
Copeland's report — Legislature, Sept. 16.Gen. S.'s opinion. He thinks the whole thing is crushed by the arrest. But there is reason to believe he is mistaken. Noakes is here, and says there are at least twenty-five in town; that they have spread the rumor that there will be no quorum, in order to lull attention; but that there will be enough to meet and adjourn to a place outside the town. He saw to-night four carriages and a party of men come in one of the back roads and go to a drinking saloon, where they were loud and deep in threats and imprecations. They left the tavern and came into the town and separated, where he could not tell, as he was on foot. He has got no evidence of any messenger from Virginia; thinks no one is here. But there is one bad thing. Gen. Dix has sent his son here, and a Major, and the Provost Marshal of B--, and a party of police to make arrests. I have tried to get them sent back early in the first train to-morrow, accompanied, at least as far as Monocracy, by Mr. Dix. He does not like to get up and go at that time. It is a mistake. General S. has no particular information, and wants to shield some personal friends; would like, for the future, to make it easy for some men. I think I shall get a plan arranged to take a number at any rate. The arrests in B. have terrified them very much, and all profess obedience there. None of the members from the Eastern Shore have come up yet, which inclines me to wait for day after to-morrow. I regret your letters to Colonel R. did not put the matter more under my especial control, as he is rather disinclined to be as careful and patient as is desirable, and I do not feel authorized to direct. If anything occurs to you send by messenger to me, care of Col. R. I am at the U. S. Hotel. In haste,
R. M. Copeland.
Young Dix tells me his errand was to meet you and give you a list of names of men to be arrested — nothing more. He will give me the paper to morrow and await orders. You will get this at six--a messenger can return in three hours.
Copy of letter of instructions Concerning Legislature.[Important and confidential.]
Lieut.-Col. Ruger, commanding 3d Wisconsin regiment, on special service at Frederick: Sir:
Copeland's report--Maryland Legislature, September 17.
R. Morris Copeland.
Virginia — all seems quiet as far as we can learn. The House met to-day; was called to order by the clerk; four members present, and adjourned until to-morrow noon.
R. M. C.
Copeland's report of arrest of members of Maryland Legislature--Sept. 18.Gen. Dix that we have seized seven members of the House of a very bitter character, and some officers, clerks, &c., who are intensely bitter, and are said to have been very forward and to have kept some of the weaker men up to the work. Several arrests were made of violent or resisting persons, whom I shall let go after the others are gone. I shall send four men at least to General Dix at Baltimore who are very bad men. I have advised Colonel Ruger to send to Sharpsburg Landing to seize five hundred sacks of salt which are waiting for the Southerners to come and take them. They have tried twice to do it. We have also heard of some arms which the Colonel will look up. There is a very bitter man here, a Mr. Sinn, who is currently reported by General Shriver and others to be the medium of communication with the Southern Confederacy. The name of the members are — R. S. Salmon, R. C. McCubbin, J. H. Gardon, C. J. Durant, Thomas Claggett, Andrew Kessler, and Bernard Mills. We shall get T. Lawrence Jones.--The officers of the Legislature: J. N. Brewer, Chief Clerk Senate; Thos. Moore, Reading, do; Samuel Penrose, Jr., Assistant; N. Kilgore, Reading, do; Milton Kidd, Chief of the House. Mr. Jones is taken; Edward Houser, citizen. Riley, (very bad,) printer to the House; John Hogan, (very bad,) citizen; Jos. Elkins, do; Mr. Mason, folder to the House. We shall leave here for headquarters this afternoon. The arrests were nearly all seized by the policemen.
R. Morris Copeland, Aid de-Camp.
Mr. McCubbin is a person whom I should recommend you to set at large if he takes the oath, which I have no doubt he will. He is brother-in-law to Gen. Hammond, and a man much respected; also, a man of rather timid nature and greatly troubled by his arrest.--General Shriver has been very active for us, and is very earnest that you should let him go on these terms. If you can do it, it will be well to telegraph to Annapolis to have the oath tendered and release him. I should do it under my instructions, only that Col. Ruger thinks he has no authority to allow any man on his list any liberty. R. M. C.
Frederick. To Major-General N. P. Banks. The rations have gone. R. M. Copeland.
Letter of Introduction of Gen. Hammond to Gen. Dix, Recommending release of McCubbin, member from Anne A., upon taking the oath.Mr. McCubbin, has many qualifications which recommend him to you as a person to be released on his taking the oath. I have communicated the facts to Major-General Banks, and have urged him to telegraph to Annapolis that he may be released on taking the oath. I will communicate further in my report. Will you attend to this matter?
R. Morris Copeland,
A. A. A. to Maj.-Gen. Banks.
The bearer of this communication, General Hammond, is well known as true to the Government. R. M. C.
Major-General McClellan concerning prisoners for steamer at Annapolis. Answered 2 A. M., 20 September.Frederick to Annapolis? Please answer at once. I wish to know on account of ordering off boat.
Copy of report to Governor Seward, on arrest of members of Legislature--Sept. 20.
Sept. 20, 1861.
Maj.-Gen. McClellan, commanding Army of Potomac:
Hon. W. H. Seward, Secretary of State: Sir:
Classification of the members of the Legislature.A classification of the members of the Legislature is given, in which the members from one to four attached to their names indicates the intensity of secession principles. Among them we find the following bad cases: R. M. Denison, 4; J. W. Dennis, 4; John B. Brown, 4; G. W. Goldsborough, 4; Barnes Compton, 3; H. M. Warfield, 3; T. Parkin Scott, 3; S. Teackle Wallis, 3; W. H. Legg, 3; G. Kilborn, 3. In the Senate — Franklin Whittaker, 4; Coleman Yellott, 4; Thos. J. McKaig, 3; Teagle Townshend, 3.
Suggestions of arrest — the Altered Complexion of the Legislature.I suggest the arrest of the following members, I. A. D.: Senate — Anne Arundel, Thomas Franklin; Cecil, John J. Heckart; Charles, John F. Gardiner; Dorchester, Charles F. Goldsborough; Harford, Franklin Whittaker; Howard, John S. Watkins; Kent, David C. Blackston; Prince George's, John B. Brooke; St. Mary's, Oscar Miles. McKaig, of Alleghany, and Lynch, of Baltimore county, are already in custody, and Yellott, of Baltimore city, is in Richmond Teagle Townshend, of Worcester, should not be arrested. Great rascal. House — Alleghany, Josiah H. Gordon and William B. Bernard; Anne Arundel, B. Allen Welch, McCubbin, E. G. Kilbourn, Calvert, James T. Briscoe and Benjamin Parran; Caroline, G. W. Goldsborough; Carroll, Bernard Mills; Cecil, James M. Maxwell and W. Miller; Charles, Barnes Compton, Frederick, Andrew Kessler, Jr., Thomas J. Claggett, N. E. Salmon, and John A. Johnson; Howard, John R. Brown; Kent, Philip F. Raisin; Prince George's, E. Pliny Bryan, Richard Wooten, Ethan A. Jones; Montgomery, Howard Griffith; Queen Anne, William H. Legg, William L. Sharkey; St. Mary's, Clark J. Durant, George H. Morgan; Somerset, James U. Dennis; Talbot, Alexander Chaplain, J. Lawrence Jones; Washington, Martin Eakle, John C. Brining; Worcester, George W. Landing. Wallis, Pitt, Scott, Sangston, Morfit, Winans, Thomas, Harrison, and Warfield, of Baltimore city, and Dennison and Quinlan, of Baltimore county, are in custody. The list I marked with you has been carefully revised and corrected by the Legislative journals, so that the propriety of the foregoing selection is unquestionable. If these arrests are made the Senate will stand thus:
|Secessionists absent from the State||1|
|Secessionists at large||3|
|Union men at large||6|
|Doubtful men at large||1|
|Secessionists at large||12|
|Union men at large||13|
|Doubtful men at large||8|
Gov. Hicks in Relation to election — received Nov. 1, answered at once by Telegraph.
Annapolis, Oct. 26, 1861.
Major-General N. P. Banks, U. S. A.: My Dear Sir:
With very great respect,
Your ob't serv't,
Tho. H. Hicks.
Maryland at the coming election, Wednesday, November 6, so that the legal voters may decide by their ballots all public questions, you are hereby directed to grant three days furlough to the soldiers of the first, second and third regiments of Maryland Volunteers, all to return to duty on Thursday, Nov. 7.
Simon Cameron, Sec. of War.
Report from Col. J. W. Geary, Concerning elections, &c.
Point of Rocks, Md., Nov. 8, 1861.
Capt. R. Morris Copeland, Acting Assistant Adjutant Gen. Sir:
Letters of spies — the blockade business.There are several columns of letters from spies which chiefly relate to the blockade business and catching those employed in it. Y. L. Catchel denounces several runners. Gov. Hicks asks for remuneration for a spy named Howard, who has been very successful. He says to Gen. Banks: ‘ This man has been more than two months passing through secession counties in our State, and has been in Virginia. He is now employed by Lieut.-Gen. Scott in lower Potomac counties. What I desire is, that you be so kind as to write Hon. S. Cameron, Secretary of War, and say that you think this man Howard shall be reasonably compensated. He has spent his own money. I have not furnished a dollar, and Gen. Cameron, he (Howard) says, wishes to hear from you. I wrote the Secretary. This is a valuable man, is shrewd and reliable, and if stopped will be a loss to us. ’ With lively recollections of our brief intercourse and your kindly manner, and a good hope that all will be well, am yours,
J. Bly denounces a supposed spy as follows: Their passes were procured by E. Petherbridge, who knew their sentiments well having cooperated with them and others during the last twelve months in efforts to divide the M. E. Church on the slavery question by Mason & Dixon's line. Strange as it may seem this same Petherbridge is in the service of the Government as a recruiting officer. One day he procured passes for well known and mischievous Secessionists and the next recruits for the Government. The case of Dr. McGill, of Hagerstown, is thus disposed of: Dr. Charles McGill, of Hagerstown, Md., or cause him to be arrested and sent to Fort McHenry, to be thence conveyed to Fort Lafayette, let it be done.
Wm. H. Seward.
Dr. Magill is now a prisoner in my camp. If one man can be dangerous he is the man. I shall send him direct to Fort McHenry by Capt. Waltemeyer, of my regiment. He will be there to-morrow night. Affairs are tolerably quiet along my lines to-day; but one of my officers at Dam No. 4 is a little nervous, and I have strengthened his post. You have been kind enough to say that you would assist me if attacked by overwhelming numbers. Do not forget the 1st Maryland if you be attacked.
John R. Kenly,
Colonel First Maryland Regiment.