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The Russian Cruelties in Poland.

--Whole populations of villages in Lithuania have been forcibly transported to the steppes of the Ural.--The inhabitants of Klanyszki, Szallezki, and Syziany, consisting of fifty-seven families, were thus transported a short time back. Their property was confiscated and sold, and the proceeds applied to to the expense of the journey. These unfortunate people having shown some hesitation to leave their homes, a body of troops was sent to force them to comply with Mouravieff's orders. In Wilna the convoys for Siberia leave every other Friday. In order to destroy every mark of Polanism in the city, Mouravieff has ordered all the Polish inscriptions on the shops and at the corners of the streets to be erased, no more Polish bills of fare to be used in the restaurants, the Polish language to be no longer employed by tradesmen in making up their accounts, and the official language to be in all cases Russian, even on seals and stamps. The Wilna correspondent of the London Post, writing on the 11th ult., says:

‘ In addition to the periodical convoys of political prisoners sent away from this place by Gen. Mouravieff every fortnight, he also frequently orders the transport of ladies without any sort of trial. Thos Countess Michalina Plater has recently had to expiate the political lustre of her name. Unable to rake up any present offence against this lady, search has been made into the records of the past. It has been discovered that the Countess Plater was deputed in 1861, with other ladies, to intercede with Gen. Nazimos in favor of some young men found guilty of having sung patriotic hymns in the Wilna Cathedral. For this offence the Countess has been sentenced to transportation to the Government of Novgorod.

Mouravieff has, during the last fortnight, ordered the deportation to Siberia of one hundred persons belonging to different classes of society. Among this number are M. Thomas Bulhak, who has already passed eighteen years in Siberia; Alexander Zdanowiez, Processor of History, and his son, a young man having obtained a diploma in the University of St. Petersburg. The two latter were arrested because the police found at the house of M. Zdanowiez's son various papers which had been traitorously placed there by an unknown hand.--The handsome house of Zdanowiez was confiscated, and, after the expulsion of the residents, converted into a barrack. A number of other persons, landed proprietors, functionaries, and physicians, have been imprisoned in the citadel either for having refused to sign addresses, or upon other ridiculous pretexts.

Last Friday three hundred and fifty-seven persons were transported to Siberia, who had been imprisoned in Kowno, Grodno, Minsk, and Wilna, and after wards condemned by councils of war for having taken part in the insurrection. Notwithstanding the cold, the shirri of Mouravieff would not allow these unfortunate persons to receive any succor in money or even in clothing. Mouravleff forbids, under the severest penalties, even the nearest relatives of the prisoners to visit them and provide them with necessaries for their journey.--It may be imagined that the determination of Mouravieff is to cause the patriots to die of hunger or cold before arriving at their destination.

Within a short time the population of three large villages of the district of Troki (Klarichki, thirty inhabitants; Schalichki, fifteen, and Schilany, ten) have been condemned to compulsory emigration beyond the Oural, after seeing all their property confiscated. The women were not even allowed to take with them the linen necessary for themselves and their children. The old men, the sick, and the children were packed together in carts like bales of goods. The able bodied individuals followed on foot, and had to in this manner more than one thousand versts in frozen regions.

When the troops, after having surrounded the village of Schahchir, fooled all the inhabitants to leave it, the miserable people threw themselves to the ground, uttering cries of despair. Blows could not make them rise. They preferred to die on their native soil rather than go to live in the midst of savage tribes and inhospitable regions. It be came necessary to send a second detachment of soldiers, who were instructed not to be sparing of violence to force the unfortunate villagers to take the road of exile.

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