The late peace movement.
We give below, as a matter of history, the narrative and correspondence of the two most extraordinary and laughable peace movements that have been inaugurated since the war:
Return of the Yankee peace Commissioners from Richmond.
correspondent of the Philadelphia Inquirer
announces the arrival in that city, on the 20th inst, of "two men who were in Richmond
on Monday last. " He says there was great anxiety to know what he had to communicate:
Hardly had they landed before rumor, eager busy, telegraphed over the country that two United States
Commissioners had just returned from Richmond
after the transaction of the most important and official business.
But rumor in this case was most grievously in error.
The travellers neither transacted business in Richmond
of an official or important character, so far as present results are concerned.
The gentlemen who have thus succeeded in visiting Richmond
are Col Jas
, of the 73d Illinois regiment, and Edmund Kirke
, of New York, the well known author.
has been in the army almost since the beginning of the war. He is a gentleman of about 45 years of age, is pleasing in his address, although somewhat reserved in manners.
Object of the visit.
The report that these gentlemen acted in any official capacity for our Government, or that they were in any respect recognized either here or in Richmond
as agents, messengers, envoys, or commissioners of the United States
, is untrue.
They went upon a mission perfectly and wholly distinct from any connection with our authorities; and again, the object of their mission was not present in its nature, but altogether ulterior, and dependent upon contingencies which may arise hereafter.
Although it is not officially known here what is the precise object of this mission, still it is understood among those who claim to be specially in formed, that it looks to a restoration of peace.
It is stated that Col Jaquess
, with whom this idea originated, proposed, nearly a year ago, that he should be allowed to visit Richmond
, and present his views upon a reconciliation to the Confederate
Permission was granted him and he proceeded upon his mission as far as Petersburg
, when he returned without material success, as he did not visit Richmond
How they reached the capital.
Last week, with the permission of the President
, Col Jaquess
left his command in the West
and again essaved his mission to rebeldom.
He received from Mr. Lincoln
a letter of personal recommendation to Gen Crant
to pass him through the lines and otherwise forward his views.
In no other respect did Colonel Jaquess
receive any support from the President
, neither was their given to him, by any of our authorities, any warrant whatever for official negotiations.
It was simply a private mission of the Colonel
, with which the President
saw no reason to interfere.
Accompanied by Edmund Kitke
, the Colonel
proceeded to Gen Grant
's headquarters, and having been permitted to pass our lines, they started for Richmond
by the northern bank of the James river
They found no difficulty in entering the Confederate
lines, and, in fact, every courtesy was kindly extended to them as they journeyed toward the capital, which they reached on Saturday last.
How they were received.
As soon as Col Jaquess
arrived at Richmond
he requested that he might be placed under guard, which was done, although the entire freedom of the city was immediately extended to him.
He was assigned elegant apartments at the Spotswood House
, the best hotel in Richmond
During his stay of three days he fared in the most sumptuous manner.
His table groaned with the choicest of the market, and the most savory viands were laid out in profusion before him. All kinds of meats and vegetables were served up in the most recherche
style, and brandy at six dollars a bottle, and wine at fifty, were not wanting to complete the richness of the entertainment.
Gold spoons and forks, also, added by their glitter to the board so festively spread.
His bill for the three days was over five hundred dollars in Confederate money, but he found himself unable to give the slightest reward for so distinguished a hospitality.
has had two interviews with Jefferson Davis
, in his office in the Custom House
He fully explained his views to the President
, and endeavored to press them upon his consideration.
No official report, however, having been as yet given of these interviews, it is unknown what success attended them.
We opine, however, that Mr. Davis
cannot at present be argued into the consideration of any terms of peace which do not have as their cardinal principle the recognition of the Confederacy
Appearance of the Confederate President.
, notwithstanding all previous reports to the contrary, looks hale and hearty. --His health was never better than at present, and the indications are that he will live out the three score years and ten.
He still remains blind in one eye, but sees very distinctly out of the other, which is quite evident from the manner in which he has managed the rebellion.
He who waits for the rebellion to cease through the demise of the rebel President
, had best cease such hopes, and join the Union
army as a speedier method with which to terminate the war.
Visits to prisons and hospitals.
During Col. Jaquess
's stay in Richmond
he visited the prisons — Libby
and Belle Isle
He was very agreeably disappointed to find our men comfortably situated and as well cared for as was possible under the circumstances.
Only the desperate cases of our wounded are retained in the hospitals at Richmond
Our brave boys were bearing up cheerfully under their sufferings, and were receiving all needful attention, and everything possible was being done for their recovery by the surgeons and attendants.
This will be cheering news for the many anxious mothers and wives throughout the North
As might be supposed, Richmond
only suggests thoughts of war. Its streets are almost deserted; women, cripples, and soldiers alone give life to the thoroughfares of the rebel capital.
Many stores are, however, kept open, and there is some business, but nothing in comparison to the activity before the war.
Everything looks warlike, and everybody seems intent only upon the great struggle now in progress.
, during his visit, had several interviews with Judah
, Secretary of State
, Mr. Ould
of Exchange, and with other rebel dignitaries and authorities.
From them all he received the kindest attention.
As he took leave of President Davis
last Monday, Mr. Davis
took Col. Jaquess
's hands in both his, pressed them warmly and cordially, and said that, leaving out of view the present struggle, he had the highest respect for the Colonel
's character and arms.
night Col Jaquess
and his companion returned to, Gen Grant
's headquarters, and continued their journey to this city.
It is understood that Col Jaquess
will soon publish an official account of this visit and the object connected with it, and whatever may be thought of the Colonel
's proposed, means of reconciliation, there can be no doubt both of his honesty and unswerving loyalty.
I am authorized to say that Hon Clement
, of Alabama
, Prof James
, of Virginia
, and George N Sanders
, of Dixie, are ready and willing to go at one to Washington
complete and unqualified protection being given, either by the President
or Secretary of War
Let the permission include the three names and one other.
I am informed that you are duty accredited from Richmond
as the bearers of propositions looking to the establishment of peace; that you desire to visit Washington
in the fulfilment of your mission, and that you further desire that Mr. George
shall accompany you. If my information be thus far substantially correct, I am authorized by the President
of the United States
to tender you his safe conduct on the journey proposed, and to accompany you at the earliest time that will be agreeable to you.
We have the honor to acknowledge your favor of the 17th instant, which would have been answered on yesterday but for the absence of Mr. Clay
The safe conduct of the President
of the United States
has been tendered us, we regret to state under some misapprehension of facts.
We have not been accredited to him from Richmond
as the bearers of propositions looking to the establishment of peace.
We are, however, in the confidential employment of our Government, and are entirely familiar with its wishes and opinions on that subject; and we feel authorized to declare that, if the circumstances disclosed in this correspondence were communicated to Richmond
we would be at once invested with the authority to which your letter refers; or other gentlemen, clothed with full powers, would be immediately sent to Washington
with the view of hastening a consummation so much to be desired, and terminating at the earliest possible moment the calamities of the war. We respectfully solicit, through your intervention, a safe conduct to Washington
, and thence, by any route which may be designated, through your lines to Richmond
We would be gratified if Mr George
was embraced in this privilege.
Permit us, in conclusion, to acknowledge our obligations to you for the interest you have manifested in the furtherance of our wishes, and to express the hope that in any event you will afford us the opportunity of tendering them in person before you leave the Fails.
I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of yours of this date by the hand of Mr W C Jewett
The state of facts therein presented being materially different from that which was understood to exist by the President
when be entrusted me with the safe conduct required, it seems to me on every account advisable that I should communicate with him by telegraph, and solicit fresh instructions, which I shall at once proceed to do. I hope to be able to transmit the result this afternoon; and at all events I shall do so at the earliest moment.
We have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your note of this date by the hands of Colonel Jewett
, and will await the further answer which you propose to send to us.
International Hotel Niagara Falls, N. Y., July 19, 1864
At a late hour last evening (too late for communication with you) I received a dispatch informing me that further instructions left Washington
last evening, which must reach me, if there be no interruption, at noon to-morrow.--Should you decide to await their arrival, I feel confident that they will enable me to answer definitely your note of yesterday morning.
Regretting a delay, which I am sure you will regard as unavoidable on my part,
has just handed us your note of this date, in which you state that further instructions from Washington
will reach you by noon to-morrow, if there be no interruption. --One, or possibly both of us, may be obliged to leave the Falls
to day, but will return in time to receive the communication which you promise to morrow.
[the President willing to receive bearers of terms of Peace.]
Any proposition which embraces the restoration of peace, the integrity of the whole Union and the abandonment of slavery, and which comes by and with an authority that can control the armies now at war against the United States
, will be received and considered by the Executive Government
of the United States
, and will be met by liberal terms of substantial and collateral points, and the bearer or bearers thereof shall have safe conduct both ways.
would respectfully inquire whether Prof Holcombe
and the gentlemen associated with him desire to send to Washington
by Major Hay
any messages in reference to the communication delivered to him on yesterday, and in that case when he may expect to be favored with such messages?
International Hotel, Wednesday.
presents his compliments to Major Hay
, and greatly regrets if his return to Washion has been delayed by any expectation of an answer to the communication which Mr. Holcombe
received from him on yesterday, to be delivered to the President
of the United States
. --That communication was accepted as the response to a letter of Messrs Clay
and-Holcombe to the Hon H Greeley
, and to that gentleman an answer has been transmitted.
Clifton House, Niagara Falls
, Thursday, July 21.
[Rejection of the President's terms — reply of the rebel Agents.]
Copy of the original letter held by me to deliver to Hon Horace Greeley
, and which duplicate I now furnish the Associated Press
--The paper handed to Mr Holcombe
on yesterday, in your presence, by Major Hay
, Assistant Adjutant General
, as an answer to the application in our note of the 13th instant, is couched in the following terms:
Any proposition which embraces the restoration of peace, the integrity of the whole Union, and the abandonment of slavery, and which comes by and with an authority that can control the armies now at war against the United States
, will be received and considered by the Executive Government
of the United States
, and will be met by liberal terms on other substantial and collateral points, and the bearer or hearers thereof shall have sale conduct both ways.
The application to which we refer was elicited by your letter of the 17th inst, in which you inform Mr Jacob Thompson
and ourselves that you were authorized by the President
of the United States
to tender us his safe conduct, on the hypothesis that we were "duly accredited from Richmond
as bearers of propositions looking to the establishment of peace," and desired a visit to Washington
in the fulfilment of this mission.
This assertion, to which we then gave, and still do, entire credence, was accepted by us as the evidence of an unexpected but most gratifying change in the policy of the President
— a change which we felt authorized to hope might terminate in the conclusion of a peace mutually just, honorable and advantageous to the North
and to the South
, exacting no condition but that we should be "duly accredited from Richmond
as bearers of propositions looking to the establishment of peace."
Thus proffering a basts for conference as comprehensive as we could desire it, it seemed to us that the President
opened a door which had previously been closed against the Confederate States
for a full interchange of sentiments, free discussion of conflicting opinions, and untrammeled effort to remove all causes of controversy by liberal negotiations.
We, indeed, could not claim the benefit of a safe conduct which had been extended to us in a character we had no right to assume and had never affected to possess; but the uniform declarations of our Executive and Congress, and their thrice repeated, and as often repulsed, attempts to open negotiations, furnish a sufficient pledge that this conciliatory manifestation on the part of the President
of the United States
would be by them in a temper of equal We had, therefore, no hesitation in declaring that, if this
correspondence was communicated to the President
of the United States
, he would promptly embrace the opportunity presented for a peaceful solution of this unhappy strife.
We feel confident that you must share our profound regret that the spirit which declared the first step towards peace had not continued to animals the counsels of your President
Had the representatives of the two Governments met to cosider this question — the most momentous ever submitted to human statesmanship — in a temper of becoming moderation and equity, followed as their deliberations would have been by the prayers and benedictions of every patriot and Christian on the habitable globe, who is there so bold as to say that the rightful waste of individual happiness and public prosperity which is daily saddening the universal heart might not have been terminated, or if the desolation and carnage of war must still be endured through weary years of blood and suffering, that there might not at least have been infused into its conduct something more of the spirit which softens and partially redeems its brutalities?
Instead of the safe conduct which we solicited, and which your first letter gave us every reason to suppose would be extended for the purpose of initiating a negotiation in which neither Government would compromise its rights or its dignity, a document has been presented which provokes as much indignation as surprise.
It bears no feature of resemblance to that which was originally offered, and is unlike any paper which ever before emanated from the constitutional Executive of a free people.
Addressed "To Whom it May Concern," It precludes negotiation and prescribes in advance the terms and conditions of peace.
It returns to the original policy of "no bargaining, no negotiations, no truces with rebels, except to bury their dead, until every man shall have laid-down his arms, submitted to the Government
, and sued for mercy."
What may be the explanation of this sudden and entire change in the views of the President
, of this rude withdrawal of a courteous overture for negotiation at the moment it was likely to be accepted, of this emphatic recall of words of price just uttered, and fresh blasts of war to the bitter end, we leave for the speculation of those who have the means or inclination to penetrate the mysteries of his Cabinet or fathom the caprice of his imperial will.
It is enough for us to say that we have no use whatever for the paper which has been placed in our hands.
We could not transmit it to the President
of the Confederate States
without offering him an indignity, dishonoring ourselves, and incurring the well merited scorn of our countrymen.
Whilst an ardent desire for peace pervades the people of the Confederate States
, we rejoice to believe that there are few, if any, among them who would purchase it at the expense of liberty, honor, and self respect.
If it can be secured only by their submission to terms of conquest, the generation is yet unborn which will witness its restitution.
If there be any military autocrat in the North
who is entitled to proffer the conditions of this manifesto, there is none in the South
authorized to entertain them.
Those who control our armies are the servants of the people, not their masters; and they have no more intimation than they have right to subvert the social institutions of the sovereign States, to overthrow their established constitutions, and to barter away their priceless heritage of self government.
This correspondence will not, however, we trust, prove wholly barren of good results.
If there is any citizen of the Confederate States
who has clung to a hope that peace was possible with this administration of the Federal Government
it will strip from his eyes the last film of such delusion; or if there be any whose hearts have grown faint under the sufferings and agony of this bloody struggle, it will inspire them with fresh energy to endure and brave whatever may yet be requisite to preserve to themselves and their children all that gives dignity and value to lite or hope and consolation to death.
And if there be any patriots or Christians in your land who shrink appalled from the illimitable virtue of private misery and public calamity which stretches before them, we pray that in their bosom a resolution may be quickened to recall the abused authority, and vindicate the outraged civilization of their country.
For the solicitude you have manifested to inaugurate a movement which contemplates results the most noble and humane, we return our sincere thanks, and are, most respectfully and truly, your obedient servants,
--We are in receipt of your note admonishing us of the departure of Hon Horace Greeley
from the Falls
; that he regrets the sad termination of the innovatory steps taken for peace in consequence of the change made by the President
in his instructions to convey commissioners to Washington
for negotiations unconditionally, and that Mr Greeley
will be pleased to receive any answer we may have to make through you. We avail ourselves of this offer to enclose a letter to Mr. Greeley
, which you will oblige us by delivering.
We cannot take leave of you without expressing our thanks for your courtesy and kind offices as the intermediary through whom our correspondence with Mr Greeley
has been conducted, and assuring you that we are
* * * Mr. Hay
brought Mr Lincoln
's reply yesterday.
It was of such a nature that Mr Greeley
would not deliver it to Sanders
, but came over and introduced Hay
, who handed it in person to Sanders
was leaving Sanders
, the latter said: ‘"This is not the end of this affair, and you must not think that we are blackguards"’--as much as to say that Lincoln
It appears that, after Greeley
had made all arrangements for the rebel Commissioners to go to Washington
, Mr Seward
had a hand in manipulating the response of Mr Lincoln
to the propositions submitted by Sanders
left, out of humor, and will probably fight it out in the columns of the Tribune.
The response of Mr. Lincoln
, brought by Hay
, has been rejected by the rebel commissioners, and their reply is couched in terms that will make a sensation.
is still here, and the reply of Sanders
and associates will be delivered to him this afternoon.
The Commissioners' contemplated visit to Washington
is indefinitely postponed, and perhaps may fall through altogether.
The correspondence is one of the most important State documents that has been given to the public for years.
, and Clay
are authorized Commissioners of the Southern Confederacy, not specially to treat with Mr Lincoln
, for they did not suppose he would receive any proposition from them.
and several others are here — Clay
arrived last evening.
Rev Dr Breckinridge
, of Kentucky
, who was temporary President
of the Baltimore Convention, is here.
He preceded Greeley
about ten days, and had a five hours" interview with Prof. Holcomb
, who is his cousin, and, it is rumored, entered into the spirit of the occasion.
Is there a weakening of the knees of the faithful brethren or what is up?
There are some very queer events transpiring here, and you need not be surprised at anything that you hear from this quarter.
has got the lead in the negotiations now in progress.
," a silly monomaniac on the subject of peace, who has been the laughing stock of the North
for the last two years, sends the Herald
the following dispatch:
Cataract House, Niagara Falls
, July 19, 1864.--Distinguished representatives of the South
are in Canada
, urging peace.
I was selected to secure an armistice for negotiation.
I communicated with Mr. Greeley
, who obtained the sanction of President Lincoln
and authority to escort Clay
, and Saunders
in person is here, negotiating through me, avoiding all reference to the Union
The President, through a letter by Major Hay
, has changed entirely the instructions of Mr. Greeley
, making negotiations conditional.
I make this statement for history, exonerating myself for acting in the matter under the Government
authority held by Mr. Greeley
I rely on the Constitution
for protection in expressing freely my views.
The Government thus refuses the only possible means to peace.
I cannot understand a policy that forever excludes negotiations.
Not only is it the desire of the South
to treat for an honorable peace, but all Europe
How just and noble the position of the South
to negotiate independently of a condition for independence or jurisdiction over slavery, submitting disputed points to a fair tribunal — to Switzerland
, or to an international Congress or otherwise.
I see only a determination of the Administration, in pursuing the present war policy, to revolutionize the North
, with the entire destruction of republican liberty.
A Semi-official intimation.
[Dispatch from Washington
to Northern Press.]
--The Administration have never had before them for their consideration any proposition from rebel authorities relating to purification, nor is it known that any such has been received; and, whatever may be the facts concerning the conference at Niagara
, the presumption here is that, while there has been no formal action on the part of this Government looking to initiatory measures for a negotiation of peace, it is not to hear from or elsewhere whatever prominent rebels, acting
as vouchers or authorized commissioners, may have to say regarding this important subject, without, however, in any degree, committing itself to the consideration of any propositions or views which may be suggested.