First Acts of Perseus as King
Having renewed the alliance with Rome, Perseus immediately began intriguing in Greece. He
The opening of the reign of Perseus.
invited back into Macedonia absconding debtors,
condemned exiles, and those who had been
compelled to leave their country on charges of treason. He
caused notices to be put up to that effect at Delos, Delphi,
and the temple of Athena at Iton,1
offering not only indemnity
to all who returned, but also the restoration of the property
lost by their exile. Such also as still remained in Macedonia
he released from their debts to the Royal exchequer, and set
free those who had been confined in fortresses upon charges of
treason. By these measures he raised expectations in the
minds of many, and was considered to be holding out great
hopes to all the Greeks. Nor were other parts of his life
and habits wanting in a certain royal magnificence. His
outward appearance was striking, and he was well endowed
with all the physical advantages requisite for a statesman. His
look and mien were alike dignified and such as became his
age. He had moreover avoided his father's weakness for wine
and women, and not only drank moderately at dinner himself,
but was imitated in this respect by his intimates and friends.
Such was the commencement of the reign of Perseus. . . .
When king Philip had become powerful and had obtained
supremacy over the Greeks, he showed the most
utter disregard of faith and principle; but when
the breeze of fortune again set against him, his
moderation was as conspicuous in its turn. But after his final
and complete defeat, he tried by every possible expedient to
consolidate the strength of his kingdom.