Plan: Causes of Wars
First I shall indicate the causes of the Punic or
1. The cause and course of the Hannibalian war.
Hannibalian war: and shall have to describe
how the Carthaginians entered Italy
; broke up
the Roman power there; made the Romans
tremble for their safety and the very soil of their country;
and contrary to all calculation acquired a good prospect of
I shall next try to make it clear how in the same period
2. Macedonian treaty with Carthage, B. C. 216.
Philip of Macedon
, after finishing his war with
the Aetolians, and subsequently settling the
affairs of Greece
, entered upon a design of
forming an offensive and defensive alliance with Carthage
Then I shall tell how Antiochus and Ptolemy Philopator
3. Syrian war, B. C. 218.
first quarrelled and finally went to war with
each other for the possession of Coele-Syria
Next how the Rhodians and Prusias went to war with the
4. Byzantine war. B. C. 220.
Byzantines, and compelled them to desist from
exacting dues from ships sailing into the Pontus
At this point I shall pause in my narrative to introduce a
First digression on the Roman Constitution.
disquisition upon the Roman Constitution, in
which I shall show that its peculiar character
contributed largely to their success, not only in
reducing all Italy
to their authority, and in acquiring a
supremacy over the Iberians and Gauls besides, but also at
last, after their conquest of Carthage
, to their conceiving the
idea of universal dominion.
Along with this I shall introduce another
digression on the fall of Hiero of Syracuse
After these digressions will come the disturbances in
5. The attempted partition of the dominions of Ptolemy Epiphanes, B. C. 204.
; how, after the death of King Ptolemy,
Antiochus and Philip entered into a compact
for the partition of the dominions of that
monarch's infant son. I shall describe their
treacherous dealings, Philip laying hands upon
the islands of the Aegean
, and Caria