Treaty Between Hannibal and King Philip V. of Macedon
This is a sworn treaty made between Hannibal, Mago,
Preamble of a treaty made between Philip and Hannibal, by envoys sent after the battle of Cannae. Ratified
subsequently to March 13. B. C. 215. See Livy, 23, 33-39. Ante 3, 2.
Barmocarus, and such members of the Carthaginian Gerusia as were present, and all Carthaginians serving in his army, on the one part; and
Xenophanes, son of Cleomachus of Athens
sent to us by King Philip, as his ambassador,
on behalf of himself, the Macedonians, and their
allies, on the other part.
The oath is taken in the presence of Zeus,
Gods by whom the oath is taken on either side.
Here, and Apollo: of the god of the Carthaginians, Hercules, and Iolaus: of Ares, Triton,
Poseidon: of the gods that accompany the
army, and of the sun, moon, and earth: of
rivers, harbours, waters: of all the gods who
: of all the gods who rule Macedonia
and the rest
: of all the gods of war that are witnesses to this oath.
Hannibal, general, and all the Carthaginian senators with
Declaration on the part of Hannibal of the objects of the treaty.
him, and all Carthaginians serving in his army,
subject to our mutual consent, proposes to
make this sworn treaty of friendship and
honourable good-will. Let us be friends, close
allies, and brethren, on the conditions herein following:—
(1) Let the Carthaginians, as supreme, Hannibal their
1st article sworn to by Philip's representative.
chief general and those serving with him, all
members of the Carthaginian dominion living
under the same laws, as well as the people of
, and the cities and tribes subject to Carthage
, and their
soldiers and allies, and all cities and tribes in Italy
, with whom we have a compact of friendship, and
with whomsoever in this country we may hereafter form such
compact, be supported by King Philip and the Macedonians,
and all other Greeks in alliance with them.
(2) On their parts also King Philip and the Macedonians,
1st article sworn to by Hannibal
and such other Greeks as are his allies, shall
be supported and protected by the Carthaginians
now in this army, and by the people of Utica
and by all cities and tribes subject to Carthage
both soldiers and allies, and by all allied cities and tribes in
, Celt-land, and Liguria
, and by all others in Italy
shall hereafter become allies of the Carthaginians.
(3) We will not make plots against, nor lie in ambush for,
2d article sworn to by Philip's representative.
each other; but in all sincerity and good-will,
without reserve or secret design, will be enemies
to the enemies of the Carthaginians, saving and
excepting those kings, cities, and ports with which we have
sworn agreements and friendships.
(4) And we, too, will be enemies to the enemies of
2d article sworn to by Hannibal.
King Philip, saving and excepting those kings,
cities, and tribes, with which we have sworn
agreements and friendships.
(5) Ye shall be friends to us in the war in which we now
3d article sworn to by Philip's representative.
are engaged against the Romans, till such time
as the gods give us and you the victory: and
ye shall assist us in all ways that be needful,
and in whatsoever way we may mutually determine.
(6) And when the gods have given us victory in our
3d article sworn to by Hannibal.
war with the Romans and their allies, if Hannibal
shall deem it right to make terms with the
Romans, these terms shall include the same
friendship with you, made on these conditions: (1) the
Romans not to be allowed to make war on you; (2) not to
have power over Corcyra
, Epidamnum, Pharos,
Dimale, Parthini, nor Atitania; (3) to restore to Demetrius of
Pharos all those of his friends now in the dominion of Rome
(7) If the Romans ever make war on you or on us we will
aid each other in such war, according to the
need of either.
(8) So also if any other nation whatever does so, always
excepting kings, cities, and tribes, with whom
we have sworn agreements and friendships.
(9) If we decide to take away from, or
3d joint article. Mutual consent required for an alteration.
add to this sworn treaty, we will so take
away, or add thereto, only as we both
may agree. . . .