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1 Probably the Ferula communis of Linnæus, the herb or shrub known as ".fennel giant."
2 The Ferula glauca of Linnæus.
3 The Ferula nodiflora of Linnæus.
4 It is still used for that purpose in the south of Europe. The Roman schoolmasters, as we learn from Juvenal, Martial, and others, employed it for the chastisement of their scholars. Pliny is in error in reckoning it among the trees, it really having no pretensions to be considered such. It is said to have received its name from "ferio," to "beat."
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