CHAP. 43. (26.)—AT WHAT PERIOD EACH TREE BEARS FRUIT.
Upon some trees the fruit does not follow immediately upon
the fall of the blossom. The cornel1
about the summer solstice puts forth a fruit that is white at first, and after that
the colour of blood. The female2
of this tree, after autumn,
bears a sour berry, which no animal will touch; its wood,
too, is spongy and quite useless, while, on the other hand, that
of the male tree is one of the very strongest and hardest3
known: so great a difference do we find in trees belonging to
the same species. The terebinth, the maple, and the ash produce their seed at harvest-time, while the nut-trees, the apple,
and the pear, with the exception of the winter or the more
early kinds, bear fruit in autumn. The glandiferous trees
bear at a still later period, the setting of the Vergiliæ,4
the exception of the æsculus,5
which bears in the autumn only;
while some kinds of the apple and the pear, and the cork-tree,
bear fruit at the beginning of winter.
The fir puts forth blossoms of a saffron colour about the
summer solstice, and the seed is ripe just after the setting of
the Vergiliæ. The pine and the pitch-tree germinate about
fifteen days before the fir, but their seed is not ripe till after
the setting of the Vergiliæ.