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1 He probably means the thistle, but possibly the artichoke, under this name. See B. xix. cc. 19 and 43, and B. xx. c. 99.
2 This is probably the same with the second variety of the "Cnecos," mentioned above in c. 53, the Centaurea lanata, or benedicta.
3 Probably the Carduus leucographus of Linnæus.
4 According to Dalechamps, this is the Echinops ritro of modern botany.
5 See c. 93 of this Book.
6 "Many thorns." According to Dalechamps, this is the Carduus spinosissimus angustifolius vulgaris of C. Bauhin, the Cirsium spinosissimum of Linnæus.
7 Identified by Dalechamps with the Onopordon Illyricum, or Acanthium of modern botany.
8 The Acarna gummifera of modern botanists, the flowers of which yield a kind of gum with an agreeable smell. It is quite a different plant from Wall pellitory, mentioned in B. xxii. c. 19, under this name.
9 See B. xx. c. 99, and B. xxii. c. 43.
10 The black chamælcon is identified by Fée with the Brotera corymbosa of Willdenow: the white variety, mentioned in B. xxii. c. 21, with the Acarna gummifera of Willdenow, the Helxine above mentioned. Des- fontaines identifies it with the Carlina acaulis.
11 See B. xxii. c. 8.
12 The Greek for "blood" or "slaughter."
14 "Thorn mastich," or "resin."
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