CHAP. 77.—THE ALISMA, DAMASONION, OR LYRON: SEYENTEEN
Similar, too, are the properties of the alisma,1
known to some
persons as the "danmasonion," and as the "lyron" to others.
The leaves of it would be exactly those of the plantago, were it
not that they are narrower, more jagged at the edges, and
bent downwards in a greater degree. In other respects, they
present the same veined appearance as those of the plantago.
This plant has a single stern, slender, a cubit in height, and
terminated by a spreading head.2
The roots of it are numerous, thin like those of black hellebore, acrid, unctuous, and
odoriferous: it is found growing in watery localities.
There is another kind also, which grows in the woods, of a
more swarthy colour, and with larger leaves. The root of
them both is used for injuries inflicted by frogs and by the
in doses of one drachma taken in wine. Cyclaminos, too, is an antidote for injuries inflicted by the sea-hare.
The bite of the mad dog lias certain venomous properties,
as an anitidote to which we have the cynorrhodos, of which
we have spoken4
elsewhere already. The plantago is useful
for the bites of all kinds of animals, either taken in drink or
applied topically to the part affected. Betony is taken on
similar occasions, in old wine, unmixed.