CHAP. 47.—-REMEDIES FOR AFFECTIONS OF THE EYES.
of the eyes, beef suet, boiled with oil, is
applied to the parts affected; and for eruptions of those organs,
ashes of burnt deer's horns are similarly employed, the tips of
the horns being considered the most effectual for the purpose.
For the cure of cataract, it is reckoned a good plan to apply
a wolf's excrements: the same substance, too, reduced to
ashes, is used for the dispersion of films, in combination with
Attic honey. Bear's gall, too, is similarly employed; and for
the cure of epinyctis, wild boar's lard, mixed with oil of
roses, is thought to be very useful. An ass's hoof, reduced to
ashes and applied with asses' milk, is used for the removal of
marks in the eyes and indurations of the crystalline humours.
Beef marrow, from the right fore leg, beaten up with soot,
is employed for affections of the eyebrows, and for diseases
of the eyelids and corners of the eyes. For the same purpose,
also, a sort of calliblepharon2
is prepared from soot, the best
of all being that made from a wick of papyrus mixed with
oil of sesame; the soot being removed with a feather and
caught in a new vessel prepared for the purpose. This mixture, too, is very efficacious for preventing superfluous eyelashes from growing again when once pulled out.
Bull's gall is made up into eye-salves3
with white of egg,
these salves being steeped in water and applied to the eyes for
four days successively. Veal suet, with goose-grease and the
extracted juice of ocimum, is remarkably good for diseases of
the eye-lids. Veal marrow, with the addition of an equal
proportion of wax and oil or oil of roses, an egg being added
to the mixture, is used as a liniment for indurations of the eyelids. Soft goats' milk cheese is used as an application, with
warm water, to allay defluxions of the eyes; but when they
are attended with swelling, honey is used instead of the water.
In both cases, however, the eyes should be fomented with
warm whey. In cases of dry ophthalmia, it is found a very
useful plan to take the muscles4
lying within a loin of pork,
and, after reducing them to ashes, to pound and apply them to
the part affected.
She-goats, they say, are never affected with ophthalmia,
from the circumstance that they browse upon certain kinds of
herbs: the same, too, with the gazelle. Hence it is that we
find it recommended, at the time of new moon, to swallow the
dung of these animals, coated with wax. As they are able to
see, too, by night, it is a general belief that the blood of a hegoat is a cure for those persons affected with dimness of sight
to whom the Greeks have given the name of "nyctalopes."5
A similar virtue is attributed to the liver of a she-goat, boiled
in astringent wine. Some are in the habit of rubbing the eyes
with the thick gravy6
which exudes from a she-goat's liver
roasted, or with the gall of that animal: they recommend the
flesh also as a diet, and say that the patient should expose
his eyes to the fumes of it while boiling: it is a general
opinion, too, that the animal should be of a reddish colour.
Another prescription is, to fumigate the eyes with the steam
arising from the liver boiled in an earthen jar, or, according to
some authorities, roasted.
Goats' gall is applied for numerous purposes: with honey,
for films upon the eyes; with one-third part of white hellebore,
for cataract; with wine, for spots upon the eyes, indurations of
the cornea, films, webs, and argema; with extracted juice
of cabbage, for diseases of the eyelids, the hairs being first
pulled out, and the preparation left to dry on the parts affected;
and with woman's milk, for rupture of the coats of the eye.
For all these purposes, the gall is considered the most efficacious, when dried. Nor is the dung of this animal held in
disesteem, being applied with honey for defluxions of the eyes.
The marrow, too, of a goat, or a hare's lights, we find used
for pains in the eyes; and the gall of a goat, with raisin wine
or honey, for the dispersion of films upon those organs. It is
recommended also, for ophthalmia, to anoint the eyes with
wolf's fat or swine's marrow: we find it asserted, too, that persons who carry a wolf's tongue, inserted in a bracelet, will
always be exempt from ophthalmia.