CHAP. 29.—REMEDIES DERIVED FROM VARIOUS INSECTS.
Poultry dung, too, is good as an application for the sting of
the scorpion; a dragon's liver also; a lizard or mouse split
asunder; or else the scorpion itself, either applied to the wound,
grilled and eaten, or taken in two cyathi of undiluted wine.
One peculiarity of the scorpion is, that it never stings the
palm of the hand, and never touches any parts of the body but
those covered with hair. Any kind of pebble, applied to the wound
on the side which has lain next to the ground, will alleviate the
pain. A potsherd too, covered with earth on any part of it, and
applied just as it is found, will effect a cure, it is said—the
person, however, who applies it must not look behind him,
and must be equally careful that the sun does not shine upon
him. Earth-worms also, are pounded and applied to the
wound; in addition to which, they form ingredients in numerous
other medicaments, being kept in honey for the purpose.
For injuries inflicted by bees, wasps, hornets, and leeches,
the owlet is considered a very useful remedy; persons, too, who
carry about them the beak of the woodpecker1
of Mars are
never injured by any of these creatures. The smaller kinds
of locusts also, destitute of wings and known as "attelebi,"
are a good remedy for the sting of the scorpion.
There is a kind of venomous ant, by no means common in
Italy; Cicero calls it "solipuga," and in Bætica it is known
The proper remedy for its venom and that
of all kinds of ants is a bat's heart. We have already3
that cantharides are an antidote to the salamander.