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1 The modern Iviza and Formentera.
3 Less than two leagues in width.
4 The real distance is 34 miles from the northern point of Iviza, called Punta de Serra, to the southern point of Formentera, namely—across Iviza 22 miles, across the sea 5, and across Formentera 7.
5 Now Denia.
6 This is not correct: the distance is but 45 miles.
7 This is incorrect: taken at the very greatest, the distance is only 522 stadia, eight to the mile.
8 The Xucar in Spain.
9 We more generally find it stated that the isle of Formentera, one of the Pityusse, was called Colubraria. He probably refers to the islands of the group about twenty leagues from the coast of Spain, now known by the name of Columbrete; but they are not near the Xucar, from which, as well as from the Pityusss, they are distant about seventy miles. The latter islands are now generally considered as part of the group of the Baleares.
10 Now Majorca and Minorca, with the ancient Pityussæ.
11 They served as mercenaries, first under the Carthaginians and afterwards under the Romans. The ancient writers generally derive the name of the people from their skill as archers—βαλεαρεῖς, from βάλλω, "to throw "; but Strabo assigns to the name a Phœnician origin, as being equivalent to the Greek γυμνῆται "light-armed soldiers." It is probably from their light equipment that the Greeks gave to the islands the name of γυμνησἱαι. Livy says that they used to go naked during the summer.
12 Seventy miles is the real length of Majorca, and the circumference is barely 250 miles.
13 Still called Palma. This and Pollentia were Roman colonies settled by Metellus.
14 Now Pollenza.
15 Now Sineu on the Borga.
16 The circumference is about 110 miles, the length 32.
17 Now Ciudadela.
18 Now Port Mahon. The site of Sanisera, which was probably more inland, is unknown.
19 Now Cabrera. The distance is not twelve, but nine miles.
20 Now called the Malgrates.
21 Now Dragonera.
22 Now El Torre.
23 As already mentioned he seems to confound Formentera, which was called Ophiusa, with the present group of Columbrete, which islands were probably called Colubraria.
24 The former editions mostly omit "nec"; and so make it that Ebusus does produce the rabbits. Certainly, it does seem more likely that he would mention that fact than the absence of it, which even to Pliny could not appear very remarkable.
25 D'Anville thinks that this is Metapina, but D'Astruc thinks that the flat islands, called Les Tignes, are meant.
26 Now called Brescon, near Agde, according to D'Anville.
28 Now called Porqueroles. Prote signifies the first, Mese the middle one, and Hypæa the one below the others.
29 Now Port Croz. D'Anville considers that Pliny is mistaken in identifying this island with Pomponiana or Pompeiana, which he considers to be the same with the peninsula now called Calle de Giens, which lies opposite to Porqueroles.
30 Now called the Ile du Levant or du Titan. The group is called the Islands of Hières or Calypso.
31 These are probably the little islands now known as Ratoneau, Pomègue, and If. It has however been suggested that these names belong to the islands of Hières already mentioned in the text, and that Sturium is the present Porquerolles, Phœnice Port-Croz, and Phila, Levant or Titan.
32 Now Antibes, or Antiboul in the Provençal idiom.
33 Now Saint Honorat de Lérins. The island of Lero is the present Sainte Marguerite de Lérins, and is nearer to Antibes than Lerina. The Lerinian monastery was much resorted to in the early ages of Christianity.
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